1. General

An academic session is made up of two semesters; examinations are held at the end of every semester.  Within each semester, quizzers or tests are usually conducted which form part of the overall semester examination assessment. It is important to note that a student shall be qualified to participate in an examination if he/she scores 75% attendance to lectures, and if he/she has paid all fees as prescribed by the Authority of the Nnamdi Azikiwe University.

  1. Examination Misconducts

The Faculty of Biosciences has an Examination Misconduct Committee which considers cases of indulgence in examination misconduct by students of the Faculty.  The punishment(s) for any proven case(s) of examination misconduct as spelt out in the General and Academic Regulations of Nnamdi Azikiwe University, and subject to review by the Senate, are highlighted below.


  1. Penalties for Examination Misconduct by students

The list of examination misconduct by students with corresponding penalties as approved by Senate is not exhaustive and Senate reserves the right to amend it from time to time.

S/NNature of OffencePenalty
1ImpersonationExpulsion for both students
2Forged receipts/documentsExpulsion
3Unauthorized handling of examination questionsSuspension for three (3) years.  Expulsion at repeat of the same offence.
4Collaborative copyingSuspension for two (2) years. Expulsion at repeat of the same offence.
5Exchange of answer booklets/written material.Suspension for three (3) years. Expulsion at repeat of the same offence
6.Refusal to handover suspected/incriminating materialSuspension for three ( 3) years Expulsion at repeat of the same offence.
7.Destruction of suspected/incriminating material.Expulsion
8Mutilation of or use of fake/ false Registration number.Suspension for three (3) years.
9Assault or fighting an invigilatorExpulsion
10Presentation of false identity card.Suspension for three (3) years.
11Possession of unauthorized material relevant to the examination.Suspension for three (3) years.
12Smuggling of question paper out of the examination hall.Suspension for three (3) years.
13Smuggling of answer script into the examination hall.Suspension for three (3) years.
14Conviction in two or more misconduct offences.Add one year for each offence up to a maximum of four (4) years, thereafter expulsion.
15Conviction in three or more misconduct offences.Add one year for each offence up to a maximum of four (4) year, thereafter expulsion.
16Refusal to appear before a panel after three invitations.Expulsion.
17Refusal to sign examination misconduct form.Suspension for one year.

        Grade Point (GP)

The mark scored in each course has an equivalent letter grade of F to A, and each letter grade has a corresponding numerical value of 0.00 to 5.00 called a GRADE POINT (see Table below).


Marks(%)Letter GradesGrade PointsFinal CGPAClass of Degrees
70-100A5.004.50-5.001st Class
60-69B4.003.50-4.492nd Class Upper
50-59C3.002.40-3.492nd Class Lower
45-49D2.001.50-2.393rd Class


  1. Grade Point Average (GPA)

The academic performance of a student in any semester is measured with the grade point average, the maximum of which is 5.00 and the minimum 0.00.  The grade point average (GPA) is the sum of quality points divided by the total credit unit for all the courses registered in the semester; where, Quality Point (QP) is the product of the credit unit for each course and the grade point for that same course.


  1. Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)

The cumulative grade point average (CGPA) is the measure of student’s overall academic performance at any given point in his programme.  A student’s CGPA is calculated as the sum of all quality points divided by the sum of all credit units, for all courses registered/repeated so far in the programme.

The final cumulative grade point average (Final CGPA) calculated at the end of a student’s academic programme shall determine the class of degree he shall be awarded.