Department of Soil Science and Land Resource management




1 GSS 101 Use of English   I 1
2 GSS 105 Logic Philosophy of Human Existence (Humanities) 2
3 GSS 107 Nigerian People & Culture 2
4 GSS 108 Basic Igbo Studies I 1
5 BIO 101 General Biology I 3
6 ICH 101 Basic Organic Chemistry 2
7 CSC 101 Introduction to Computer Programming I 3



1 GSS 102 Use of English   II 1
2 GSS 106 Social Sciences 2
3 GSS 109 Basic Igbo Studies II 1
5 BIO 102 General Biology II 3
6 ICH 102 Basic Physical Chemistry 2
CSC 102 Introduction to Computer Programming II 3
7 PHY 108 Practical Physics Lab. II 1



1 ICH 111 Basic Inorganic Chemistry 2
2 PHY 101 General Physics I 3
3 PHY 107 Practical Physics I (General Physics Lab.) 1
4 MAT 101 General Mathematics I 3
5 AEC 211 Principles of Agric Economics 2
6 AGR 211 General Agriculture 2
7 SSL 213 Principles of Soil Science 2



1 ICH 111 Practical Chemistry 1
2 PHY 101 General Physics II 1
3 AST 232 Principles of Farm Animal Production 2
4 CSH 222 Principles of Crop Production 2
5 FAT 212 Introduction to Fisheries and Aquaculture 2
6 AEC 202 Introduction to Business in Agriculture 2
7 MAT 102 General Mathematics II 3


1 CSC 201 Applications of Computer to Sciences 3
2 CSH 211 Crop Anatomy, Taxonomy and Physiology 2
3 FWM 211 Introduction to Forestry and Wildlife Management 2
4 SSL 211 Agro-Climalogy and Biogeography 3
5 AST 211 Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals 2
6 AGR 213 Introduction to Biotechnology 2




1 ENT 200 Introduction to Entrepreneurship 2
2 FST 222 Introduction to Agricultural Biochemistry 2
3 STAT 202 Statistics for Biological Sciences 3
4 AEC 202 Introduction to Business in Agriculture 2
5 AEC 322 Extension Teaching, Learning Process and Methods 2
6 AGR 322 Experimental Design and Analysis in Agriculture 2
7 CSH 322 Principles of Crop Production 2




1 AST 331 Non-Ruminants Animal Production 2
2 CSH 311 Arable Crop Production 2
3 SSL 311 Introduction to Soil Pedology & Physics 2
4 AEC 311 Introduction to Agric Extension and Rural Sociology 2
5 AEC 313 Introduction to Farm Mgt. and Production Economics 2
6 AGR 311 Introduction to Farm Machinery 2
7 AGR 322 Experimental Design and Analysis in Agriculture 1
8 CSH 321 Crop Genetics and Breeding 2




1 CSH 324 Permanent Crop Production 2
2 AGR 324 Agric Biochemistry and Methods 2
3 AST 334 Ruminants Animal Production 2
4 AST 312 Animal Genetics and Breeding 2
5 SSL 322 Soil Chemistry and Microbiology 2
6 CSH 322 Principles of Crop Production 2
7 AGR 362 Entrepreneurship Studies in Agriculture 2





1 SSL 313 Soil Fertility and Fertilizers 2
2 AGR 301 Application of Computers in Agricultural Production 2
3 SSL 517 Soil and Water Conservation 2
4 CSH 506 Field Experimentation 2
5 SVI 182 Basic Principles of Surveying II 2
6 CSH 511 Vegetable and Fruit Crop Production 2
7 CSH 515 Crop Husbandry (Field Crops) 2



1 SSL 512 Principles of Irrigation 2
2 SSL 301 Elements of Land Evaluation 3
3 SVI 181 Basic Principles of Surveying 2
4 AEC 526 Agricultural Project Appraisal, Mgt. and Supervision 2
5 SSL 524 Soil Biotechnology and Bioremediation 2
6 CSH 522 Forage and Fodder Crop Production 2






1 SSL 442 Soil Fertility, Soil and Water Management 2
2 AEC 421 Farm Management, Farm Records and Farm Account 2
3 AGR 422 Workshop Practices 2
4 AST 451 Animal Health Management and Disease Control 2
5 CSH 412 Crop Protection, Pest and Disease Control/Management 2
6 FST 411 Agricultural Products Processing and Storage 2
7 FAT 428 Fishery Management, Fingerling, Fry Production 2
8 CSH 411 Crop Production Technique (Permanent, Arable and Horticultural Crops, etc) 4
9 AST 431 Animal Husbandry Techniques (Cattle, Sheep, Goat, Poultry, Pigs and Rabbits) 3
10 AGR 424 Report Writing 3
11 ACE 422 Agricultural Extension Practice 2
12 SSL 432 Farm Design, Farm Survey and Land Use Planning 2
13 AGR 423 Farm Mechanization Practices 2
14 SSL 441 Agricultural Meteorology 2



1 SSL 527 Soil Biology and Biochemistry 2
2 CSH 513 Plant Protection 2
3 SSL 519 Soil Survey and Land Use Planning 2
4 SSL 521 Soil Physics 2
5 SSL 523 Soil Genesis and Classification 2
6 SSL 531 Soil Chemistry 2
7 SSL 513 Soil and Plant Analysis 2


1 CSH 526 Crop Husbandry (Plantation Crops) 2
2 CSH 528 Plant Breeding and Seed Production 2
3 SSL 522 Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition 2
4 SSL 528 Soil Cartography and Remote Sensing 2
5 SSL 534 Seminar 1
6 SSL 530 Soil Ecology and Management 1
7 SSL 599 Project 4




BIO 101: General Biology I (3 Credits)

Cell Structure and Organisation of Cellular Organelles Diversity, Characteristics and Classification of Living Things, General Reproduction, Interrelationships of Organisms, Heredity and Evolution, Elements of Ecology and Types of Habitats.



ICH 101: Basic Organic Chemistry I (2 Credits)

Brief Historical Background of Bonding in Organic Compounds, The Carbon Atom, Hybridization (sp1, sp2, sp). Classification of Organic Compounds, Isolation and Purification of Organic Compounds, Elemental or Qualitative Analysis, Qualitative Analysis; Formulae of Organic compounds – Empirical, Molecular and Structural, Structural and Stereo – isomorphism, functional Groups and Homologous Series, IUPAC Nomenclature of the following Organic compounds: Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes, Halogens, Alkanals, Alkanones, Alkanoates, Acid, Amides, Nitrites. Preparation, Physical and Chemical Properties of the Families listed above.


ICH 111: Basic Inorganic Chemistry II (2 Credits)

Matter, Laws of Chemical Combination, Stoichio – Chemistry of Chemical Kinetics. Atomic Structure and Electronic Configuration of Elements, Electronic Theory of Valences. Bonding: Ionic and Covalent; Coordinate, Metallic, Hydrogen Bonding and Van Dar Waal’s Forces. Fundamental Components of Atoms. Stable and Unstable Particles. Periodic Classification of Elements: Blocks, Rows and Groups. General Features of Chemistry S-, P-, D- and F- Blocks. Isotope detection, Concentration and Separation of Isotopes. Natural and Artificial Radioactivity, Stability of Nucleus, Fission and Fusion. Differences between Radioactivity and Ordinary Chemical Reactions. Measurement of Radioactivity; decay Constant and Calculations involving Radioactivity.


PHY 101: General Physics I (3 Credits)

Space and Time, Frame of Reference, Units and Dimensions, Kinematics – Vectors, Scalars Speed/Velocity, Acceleration, Circular Motion and Applications. Fundamental Laws of Mechanics. Statics: Equilibrium. Center of Mass. Dynamics: Newton’s Law of Motion, force, Inertia, Mass and Weight. Contact Forces, Alwood Machine, Pulleys, Projectile Motion. Linear Momentum. Galilean Invariance, Universal, Gravitation – Newton’s Gravitation, Laws: Kepler’s Laws, Gravitational Potentials, Earth’s Satellite, Velocity of Escape and Weightlessness. Work and Energy, Rational Dynamics and Angular Momentum, Moment of Inertia, Kinetic Energy of Rotation, Conservation Laws, Oscillatory Motion – Simple Harmonic Motion, Damped and Forced Oscillation.


PHY 107: General Physics Laboratory I (1 Credits)

This Introductory Course Emphasizes Qualitative Measurements, The Treatment of Measurements, Errors, Graphical Analysis. A variety of Experimental Techniques will be Employed. The Experiments include Studies of Mechanical Systems, Mechanical Resonant systems, Light, Heat, Viscosity, covered in PHY 101 and 103.


BIO 102: General Biology II (3 Credits)

Generalized Survey of Plant and Animal Kingdom Based mainly on the Study of Similarities and Differences in the External Features and Ecological Adaptations of these Forms.


ICH 102: Basic Physical Chemistry (2 Credits)

The Gas Laws: Boyle’s Law, Charles Law, The General Gas Equation, Gay-Lussac Law, Gas constant. Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressure, Graham’s Law of Gaseous Diffusion, the Kinetic Theory of Matter, Derivation of Kinetic Equation, Derivation from the Ideal Gas Law, Van Dar Vaal’s Equation, Liquefaction of Gases, The Joule Thompson Effect. Properties of Dillute Solutions: Definition of the following Concentration Terms – Molarity, Molality, Mole Fraction, Vapour Pressure and Lowering of Vapour Pressure; Raoult’s Law; Elevation of Boiling Point, Lowering of Freezing Point, Osmotic Pressure. Introduction to Thermodynamics and Thermo Chemistry: Definition of the Following Terms, Systems, State Variables and Equilibrium, Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes. The First Law of Thermodynamics: Work Done for State Changes (PV Type). Thermo chemistry: Heat Changes, Heat of Reaction, Laws of Thermo-chemistry (Lavoisier and Laplace Laws, and Hess’s Law of Constant Heat Summation. Applications of the Laws in Calculation; Bond Energy. Chemical Equilibrium: Chemical Equilibrium and Reversible Reactions. The Law of Mass Action; Equilibrium Constant, Factors Affecting Chemical Equilibrium, Equilibrium between Ions in the Solid and Liquid Phases: Solubility and solubility Products; Effects of a Common Ion on Solubility and solubility Products. Chemical Kinetics: Rate of a Chemical Reaction, Factors Affecting the Rate of a Chemical Reaction. Activation Energy. Ionic Equilibrium: Electrolytes; Acids and Bases; Bronsted Lowry, Lewis and Arrhenius Theories of Acids and Bases, pH and Dissociation Constant, Ionization of Water Hydrolysis, Buffer Solution and Buffer Capacity.


ICH 112: Basic Practical Chemistry (1 Credits)

Theory and Practice of Volumetric and Qualitative Inorganic Analysis; Preparation of Standard Solutions; Calculation of Molarities and Concentrations; Methods of Dilution of Solution and Solutions: Redox Titration and Calculations Involved; Tests for Common Anions and Identification of SO42-, SO32-, NO32- CI, Br, I, NO2. Test for Common Cations: Fe2+, Fe3+, NH4+, Zn2+, Pb2+, AI3+, Alkali, and Alkali Earth Metals. Test for Common Ions in the First Transition Series, e.g., Mg, Cr, Ni, Cu, etc. Group Separation of Cations.


PHY 102: General Physics II (3 Credits)

Electrostatics: Coulomb’s Law, Gauss’s Law, Capacitors, Electric Fields and Potential Energy in Electric Fields. Conductors and Currents: Ohm’s Law, Temperature Dependence of Resistance, Combination of Resistances. Measurement of Resistances, Emfs, Dielectrics (Qualitative Treatment Only), Magnetic Fields and Induction, Faraday’s and Lenz’s Laws, Earth Field, Ampere’s Law. Maxwell’s Equation (Qualitative Treatment Only), Electromagnetic Oscillation and Waves, Types, Properties. Mirrors and Lenses: Reflection, Refractions, Applications, Optical Instruments.


PHY 108: General Physics Laboratory II (1 Credits)

Basic Experiments on Electricity and Magnetism covered in PHY 102. Experiment includes Studies of Meters, The Oscilloscope and Electrical Resonant Systems.


AEC 211: Principles of Agricultural Economics (2 Credits)

The Nature of Economics: Scope and Method; Price Theory and Functions of the Market with Particular Reference to Agriculture; The Concept of Opportunity Cost; Supply and Demand and Their Application to Agricultural Problems; Production Functions; Functions; Cost Analysis and Function Concept; Type of Market: Perfect Competition and Monopoly, Oligopoly, etc. Price Theory and some Applications; Theory of Distribution; The Place of Agriculture in the National Economy; Resource Allocation on Farms; Aggregate Income, Expenditure, Investment, Interest Rate, Savings and Employment; Inflation; International Trade; Commodity Agreement and Balance of Payment; Money and Banking.


AST 211: Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals (2 Credits)

Parts of the Beef and Dairy Cattle, sheep, Goats, Pigs, Rabbit and Poultry; fundamentals of Cell Biology; Anatomy and Physiology of Animal Tissues: Skeletal Systems, Muscles and Bone Tissues, Locomotive System, Circulatory System, Reproductive, Digestive, Respiratory, Nervous Systems, Special Senses and other Systems of Farm Animals; Physiological Functions of Animals – Homeostasis, Nutrition and Digestion, Respiration, Temperature Regulation, Excretion and Reproduction; Endocrinology; Lactation, Milking and Egg Formation Mechanism.


CSC 101: Introduction to Computer Programming I (3 Credits)

History of Computers, Functional Components of a Computer; Characteristics of a Computer; Number systems, Boolean Algebra, Flowchart; Algorithm; Statement Symbolic Names, Lists and Arrays, Subscripts, Expression and Control Statement in Computer Programming. Programming in BASIC. Computer Application. Strategies for Computer Programming, Rules that Guide the Writing of BASIC Programmes/Statements. Library Functions. User-Defined Functions. Sub-programs and Sun-routines in BASIC.


MAT 101: General Mathematics I (3 Credits)

Number System – Natural Integer, Rational, Irrational, Real Complex Numbers; Elementary Set Theory, Indices, Surd and Logarithms. Quadratic Equations. Polynominals and the Factorizations: The Remainder and Factor Theorems. Rational Functions and Partial Fractions. The PMI (Principles of Mathematical Induction). Permutation and Combination. The Binomial Theorem for Rational Index. Progression – Arithmetic, Geometric, Harmonic, Arithmetic – Geometric. Solution to Inequalities. The Algebra of Complex Numbers – Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division; Arc and Diagram and the Geometry of Complex Numbers; Modulus; Argument and Polar Coordinates; The De Moire Theorem. Complex nth Rules of Unity and Complex Solution to Za = a. Trignometry – Circular Measures, Additions, Farmulae and other Trignometric Identities; Sine and Cosine Laws; Solutions of Triangles, Height and Distances.


CSH 211: Crop Anatomy, Taxonomy and Physiology (2 Credits)

Parts of the Crop, Cell Types; Introduction to Plant Taxonomy; Characteristics, Distribution, Economic Importance and Local Examples of Leguminoseae, Gramineae, Disoscoreae, Rutaceae; Development of Cells and Tissue; Use of Plant Keys; Cell Biology, Cell and Cell Types; Comparative Analysis of Major Crops, Their Functions, Composite, Plant Organs; Enzymes; Photosynthesis; Kreb’s Cycle and Translocation; Pollination, Respiration and Energy Utilization; Seed Dormancy and Germination, Development; Mineral Nutrition, Growth Regulator and Plant Auxins.


FWM 211: Introduction to Forestry Resource Management (2 Credits)


SSL 211: Agro-Climatology and Biogeography (3 Credits)

The principles, aims and scope of climatology and biogeography; The elements and controls of climate and weather and the dynamics of the earth’s atmosphere; Radiation and heating of the atmospheric systems, atmospheric moisture, the dynamics of pressure and wind systems; Condensation and precipitation processes; Seasonal variations in temperature, day length, radiation, rainfall and evapo-transpiration; Equipment and maintenance of standard meteorological stations; The tropical climate; relation between agriculture and climate with reference to crops, livestock, irrigation, pests and diseases.


SSL 213: Principles of Soil Science (2 Credits)

Soils, their origin and formation; Physical properties of soils; Soil moisture, air and temperature; Soil classification and survey; Soil colloids; Soil reactions; Soil organic matter and soil organisms; soil and water conservation; Nutrient requirements and mineral nutrition of plants; Introduction to fertilizer (Organic and Inorganic).


AST 232: Introduction to Animal Science (2 Credits)

Terminology Associated with Each Farm Animal and its Management System; Classification of Farm Animals; Breeds of Farm animals; Housing Systems; Management Systems; Management Practices: Identification, Aging, Castration/Vasectomization/Caponization, Dehorning/Debudding, Weighing, Record Keeping Docking, Debeaking, Detoeing, Decombing/Dubbing, Beak Removal, Milking, Wool shearing; The Livestock Industry – Problems and Prospects; Feeding Habits of Farm Animals; Principles of Breeding and Livestock Judging; General Principles of Management of the Different Farm Animals; Problems of Livestock Production in the Country; Contributions of Livestock to the Nigerian Economy.


CSH 222: Principles of Crop Production (2 Credits)

Crop Production and Development ; The Principles, Problems and Prospects of Crop Production: Crop Production Practices; Importance of Crop Rotation, Cultural Practices; Modern Agricultural Practices; Water and Soil Conservation; Irrigation and Drainage; General Types and Characteristics of Arthropods, Microorganism and other Pests Affecting Crops; Weeds and their Effects on Crop Production; Birds and Mammalian Pests; Disease and Weed Control; Basic Mendelian Genetics; Principles of Crop Production, Harvesting, Processing and Storage; Plant Propagation: Vegetative and Seed Propagation, Budding, Layering and Grafting Techniques; Farm Practices: Maize, Melon, Potato Production (Wet Season); Tomato, Amaranthus, Garden Egg Production (Dry Season).


FAT 212: Introduction to Fisheries and Aquaculture (2 Credits)

The important fishes of West Africa with emphasis on Nigerian species; Classification, evolution, morphology and basic structure of fishes; The adaptation of fish to aquatic life; Life cycle of principal species of fishes; Significance of fishes in the diet of Nigerians; The fish industries in Nigeria; Fundamental Principles of fish management and production.


AEC 202: Introduction to Management of Agribusiness (2 Credits)


FST 224: Principles of Food Science and Technology (2 Credits)

Definition and Scope of food science and technology; food distribution and marketing; Food and its functions; Food habits; Food habits; Food poisoning and its prevention; Principles of food processing and preservation; Discussion of different preservation methods; Deterioration and spoilage of foods, other post harvest changes in food; Contamination of foods from natural sources; Composition and structures of Nigerian/West African food; factors contributing to texture, colour, aroma and flavor of food; Cost, traditional and ethnic influence of food preparation and consumption pattern.


MAT 102: General Mathematics II (3 Credits)

Functions: Concept and Definition, Examples – Polynominals, Exponential Logarithms and Trigonometric Functions; Graphs and their Properties. Plain Analytic Geometry: Equation of a Straight Line, Circle, Parabola, Ellipse and hyperbola. Tangent and Normal. Differentiation from First Principles of some Polynomial and Trigonometric Functions, Techniques of Differentiation – Sum, Product, Quotient and Chain Rule, including Implicit differentiation; differentiation of Simple Algebraic, Trigonometric, Exponential, Logarithmic and Composite Functions. Higher Order Derivatives, Applications of Extremum and Simple Rate Problems, L’Hospital’s Rule, simple Taylor/McClaurin Expansion, Curve Sketching, Applications to Areas and Volumes.


CSC 102: Introduction to Computer Programming II (3 Credits)

Introduction to Problem-solving Methods and Algorithm Development; Desinging, Coding, Debugging and Documenting Programmes (i.e Flow Charts, Control Statements, INPUT/OUTPUT Statements, DO Statements, Array, Subscripts, Dimension Statements) Using the Technique of FORTRAN.


AEC 311: Introduction to Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology (2 Credits)

The Need for Agricultural Extension; Agricultural Extension in the World and in Nigeria; Basic Philosophies Behind Agricultural Extension Work; The Institutional Settings of Agricultural Extension; Basic Concepts and Principles of Rural Sociology to an Understanding or Rural Situation; Importance of Rural Communities and Institutions; social Stratification, Social Processes and Social Changes in Rural Areas; Leadership in Rural Communities; Roles and Functions of Rural Leaders; Development of Rural Community Leaders; The Extension Agent and the Rural Community; Communication Technologies and Strategies of Change; Various Agricultural Extension Teaching Method Aids and their Uses.


AST 331: Non-Ruminant Animal Production (2 Credits)

Management of breeding stock, growing and young animals; Housing, equipment and feeding principles of poultry, rabbits and pigs; Production and management practices; Livestock Economics; Health management of stock; processing and marketing of poultry, pigs and rabbits.


CSH 311; Arable Crop Production (2 Credits)

Origin, Distribution, Soil and Climatic Requirements of Cereals, including Maize, Rice, Sorghum/Millet; Legumes such as Cowpea, Pigeon Peas; Root Crops such as Yam, Cocoyam, Sweet Potato; Fibre Cops such as Sisal, Rossels, Cotton; Vegetables and Oil Seeds such as Tomato, Okra, Pepper, Garden Eggs, Groundnut, Castor Oil, Melon, Amaranths; Use of Improved Varieties; Production Practices, Harvesting, Utilization, Processing, Preservation and Storage of Some Selected Arable Crops like Yam, Tomato, Rice, Groundnut and Cowpea; Field Trips to Established Farms; Farm Practice – Maize/Melon/Potato (Wet Season).


SSL 311: Introductory Soil Pedology and Physics (2 Credits)

Soils, its origin and formation; Soil morphological characteristics; Soil components; Soil forming rocks and minerals; Weathering of rocks and minerals; Profile description; Soil survey; Soil mapping; Soil classification; Properties and management of Nigerian soils; Classification of soil separates; Soil texture; Surface area of particles; Aggregation soil structure and stability; Porosity; Soil water relations; Soil and water management; The hydrological cycle; Soil temperature and conduction; Soil erosion.


CSC 201: Applications of Computers to Sciences (3 Credits)


AGR: General Agriculture (1 Credit)

The definition of agriculture; World population and food supply; History, scope and importance of agriculture to man; Agriculture and natural environment, Characteristic features of tropical agriculture and how they affect production; Land use and tenure; Trends in the production, distribution and utilization of agricultural products; Measures of improving Nigerian Agriculture; Climatic, edaphic and social factors in relation to crop production and distributions in Nigeria; Systems of crop farming; Types, distribution and significance of farm animals; basic principles of animal farming; Place of forestry, fish farming and wildlife in Agriculture.


AEC 322: Extension Teaching, Learning Process and Methods (2 Credits)

Nature and Elements of Communication Process; Principles of Analyzing Communication problems in Extension; The Meaning of the Concept of Teaching, Learning and Motivation; Extension Teaching Methods; Preparation and Use of Teaching Materials and Aids.


AST 334: Ruminant Animal Production (2 Credits)

Management of breeding stock, growing and young animal; Housing, equipment and feeding principles of cattle, sheep and goats; Production and management practices; Health management of ruminant animals.


AST 312: Animal Genetics and Breeding (2 Credits)

History of genetics; Chromosomes structure, number and variations; Gene and genotype; Genetic code, Mendelism; Fundamental principles of inheritance, quantitative and qualitative characters and their inheritance; Different types of gene actions, values and means, repeatability, heritability etc; Animal variation and selection principles; Breeding and environmental effects, in-breeding, pure line breeding, cross breeding and other breeding methods.


CSH 322: Principles of Crop Protection (2 Credits)

The Major Pests, including Insects, Fungi, Bacteria, Viruses and Nematodes; Weeds and other Diseases of Tropical Crops and Stored Products; Definition of Pests; Study of Biology and Nature of Insect Pests of Major Local Crops, Cocoa, Citrus, Kola, Cocoyam, Bananas, Coconut, Tomato, Cassava; Significance and Principles of Pest/Disease Control; Study of the Effects of Diseases Caused by Virus, Bacteria, Fungi and Nematodes. Control of Plant Diseases; Weeds of Crops; Rodent and Bird Pests; General Principles and Methods of Pest and Weed Control; Brief Outline, Shortcomings and Advantages of Different Pest Management and Control Methods; Strategies of Integrated Pest Management; chemical, Cultural, Biological, Host Resistance and Legislative Control Methods.


CSH 324: Permanent Crop Production (2 Credits)

Origin, Distribution, Soil and Climatic Requirement of Important Permanent Crops, including Cocoa, Oil Palm, Rubber, Coffee, Coconut, Mango, Moringa, Sugarcane, Banana/Plantain, Citrus, Kola, Cashew, etc.; Production Practices; Mechanized Production Improvement, Harvesting, Utilization, Processing, Storage and Economic Aspects of some Selected Permanent/Perennial Crops (Farm Practices: Oil Palm/Cassava Production [Wet Season]).


AGR 324: Agricultural Biochemistry and Methods (2 Credits)


STA 202: Statistics for Biological Sciences (3 Credits)

Frequency Distribution. Measures of Central Tendency and Measures of Dispersion. Laws of Probability. Distribution: Binomial, Poisson and Normal Distributions. Estimation of Test of Hypothesis: z, t, X2 and F-Tests. Regression and Correlation. Analysis of Variance. Contingency Tables. Simple Non-Parametric Tests.


SSL 422: Soil Fertility and Water Management (2 Credits)

Students are to be involved practically in Maintenance and management of soil fertility; Application of fertilizer, soil organic matter and lime; and Assessment of water requirements for crop and irrigation practices.




SSL 313: Soil Fertility and Fertilizers (3 Credits)

Soil fertility evaluation; Essential plant nutrients (macronutrients and micronutrients) – functions, deficiency and toxicity; Calcium, magnesium and sulphur – functions, deficiency and toxicity; Symptoms of their deficiency; Nitrogen: gains and losses (Nitrogen Cycle); Phosphorus: forms in the soil; Factors affecting phosphorus availability; Residual effects of phosphorus in the soil; Potassium: Forms in the soil; Factors affecting potassium availability in the soil; Types of fertilizers; Methods of fertilizer application; Economics of fertilizer use; Fate of applied fertilizers; Movement of nutrients to roots and uptake by plants; Fertilizer formulation.


AGR 301: Application of Computers to Agricultural Production (2 Credits)

Introduction to problem solving with the computer; Data entry and editing with the computer; Data analysis using different statistical packages.


AGR 311: Introduction to Farm Machinery (2 Credits)

Aims and objectives of agricultural mechanization; Basic mechanics, Workshop tools; Principles of internal combustion engines and electric motor; Study of farm machinery used for tillage; ploughs, harrows, cultivators; Farm power transmission system; harvesting and processing equipment (sprayers and dusters); Equipment for livestock (automatic feed conveyors, automatic drinkers for poultry, feeding and watering equipment; milking and milk handling equipment, meat processing equipment); Water lifting and irrigation equipment; Surveying instruments used on the farm; Operating principles, selection and maintenance procedures of farm machinery; Farm machinery costings and records; Workshop and building materials used on the farm.


AGR 322: Experimental Design and Analysis in Agriculture (2 Credits)

Basic concepts of statistics; Frequency distribution, measures of location, measures of variation; Probability distribution, normal and binomial distribution; Histograms; Means, mode and medican; Sampling and data collection; Data processing techniques; Statistical inference; Tests of significance; F-Test; T-Tests; Chi-square; Analysis of variance; Analysis of co-variance; Correlation and regression analysis; Goodness of fit; Research objectives, Research design, field experimentation, collection and processing of data.


CSH 321: Crop Genetics and Breeding (2 Credits)

Plant Cell Structure and Components; Chromosomes: Structure, Number and Variations, Linkage and Crossing Over, Mutation and Genes in Population; Multiple Alleles, Mitosis and Meiosis; The Origin, Organisation and Transmission of Biological Variations; Theory of Evolution; Fundamental Principles of Inheritance; Mendelism; Introduction to Population and Quantitative Genetics; Objectives and General Principles of Crop Breeding, including their Application to Self-pollinated, Wind/Insect-pollinated and Vegetative Propagated Crops; General and Special Methods of Selecting In-breeders and Out-breeders; Compatibility, Male Sterility; Heterosis; Polyploidy in Cross Breeding, Mutation Breeding; Breeding Methods for Crop Improvement; Development, Seed Multiplication and distribution of Improved Varieties.


SSL 432: Farm Design, Farm Survey and Land Use Planning (2 Credits)

Students are to be involved in Practical production of farm plan/topographic map of farmland, including, Surveying for soil capability and Layout of farm structures – including road design construction; They are also to be familiarized with chains, compass, dumpy level and related accessories and their usage in surveying.


SSL 517: Soil and Water Conservation (3 Credits)

Soil degradation: causes, chemical and physical; Soil fertility conservation: role of organic matter, crop residues, legume cover crops, agroforestry; Soil tillage: objectives, effects on soils and crop; Conservation tillage techniques: Minimum tillage and Zero tillage; Soil erosion by water and wind: estimation and prediction; The universal soil loss equation; Extent of soil erosion problems in Nigeria; Principles of control measures; Gully erosion control; Soil water conservation; Rainfall conservation; Evaporation control; Use of mulches.


AGR 423: Farm Mechanization Practices (2 Credits)


SSL 531: Soil Chemistry (2 Credits)

Chemical principles; Water and solute interactions; Soil solution-solid interaction; Mineral dissolution: Congruent and incongruent; Neo-formation of minerals in soil; Thermodynamics and applications in soil; Organic matter: Composition and fractionation; Surface chemistry of soil matrix; Sorption and desorption: Chemical, physical and specific; Langmuir, Freundlich and Vanselow models; Cation exchange: Selectivity coefficients, equivalent fraction concept; Hysteresis in ion exchange; Anion exclusion; Complementation effect; Zeta Potential; Molecular retention: Specific and non-specific; Reactions of metal chelates in soils; Chemical behavior of ions/elements in aerated and submerged soils; Buffering reactions in soil; Chemical remediation of contaminated soils and water.


SSL 530: Soil Ecology and Management (1 Credit)

Soil Management and Sustainable Productivity; Management Strategies for Improving the Fertility and Productivity of Upland and Wetland Soils; Management of Soil Physical Properties – Post-clearance and Deforestation Management Methods, Tillage and Cropping Techniques; Management of Irrigated Lands and Reclamation of Degraded/Polluted Lands; Soil Organic Matter – The Roles of Compost, Manure and Agro-forestry; Chemical Fertilizer and Bio-fertilizer use in Soil Management.


AEC 313: Introduction to Farm Management and Production Economics (2 Credits)

Theory of Production; Principles of Agricultural Production and Resource Use; Factor-Factor, Factor-Product and Product-Product Relationships; Consumption and Resource Allocation in Agriculture; Farm Cost and Revenue Theories; Elements of Time, Risk and Uncertainty in Agricultural Production; Types of Farm Records and Their Uses; Farm Budgeting; Gross and Net Margin Analysis and Farm Planning.


SSL 441: Agricultural Meteorology (2 Credit)

Students are to be practically involved in the measurement of seasonal variations in temperature, daylight, radiation, humidity, etc; Analysis of weather and climatic data from agricultural stations; Installation, management and maintenance of standard meteorological stations, and; The interpretation of the effects of climate on agriculture.


AEC 421: Farm Management, Farm Records and Accounts (2 Credit)


AGR 422: Workshop Practices (2 Credit)


AST: 451: Animal Health Management and Disease Control (2 Credit)

Routine Checks of Animals for Incidence of Disease Symptoms; Disease Diagnosis; Post Mortem Analysis; Necrosis; Treatment of Prevalent Diseases; General Routine Vaccination against Prevailing Diseases.


CSH 412: Crop Protection, Pest and Disease Control (2 Credits)

Quarantine regulations and phytosanitary measures; Fundamentals of plant resistance to diseases; Principles and methods of disease control and management; Principles, techniques and equipment for applying crop protection chemicals in the control of field and storage pest, diseases and weeds. Equipment maintenance and repair; Storage of pesticides.


FST 411: Agricultural Product Processing and Storage (2 Credits)


FST 428: Fisheries Management, Fingerling and Fry Production  (2 Credits)


CSH 411: Crop Production Techniques (Permanent, Arable and Horticultural Crops) (4 Credits)

Crop production and its development; The principles, problems and prospects of crop production; Importance of crop rotation, cultural practices; Water and soil conservation; Irrigation and drainage; General types and characteristics of arthropods, micro-organisms and other pests affecting crops; Weeds and their effects on crop production, pests, diseases and weed control; Basic Mendelian genetics; Principles of crop production, harvesting, processing and storage.

SSL 523: Soil Genesis and Classification (2 Credits)

Soil genesis: Soil horizon, soil profile, soil forming factors, soil forming processes; Soil classification: Aims and purposes; Historical perspective; Diagnostic horizons, properties and phases; Soil classification systems: FAO-UNESCO World Soil Legend, United State Department of Agriculture (USDA) Soil Taxonomy, World Reference Base for soil resources (WRB), Other classification systems.


SVI 182: Basic Principles of Surveying II (2 Credits)




SSL 513: Soil and Plant Analysis (2 Credits)

Soil and plant sampling; Sample preparation; Theories and procedures for chemical analysis of soil and plant materials; Analysis of soil and plant for major elements and the interpretation of data; Determination of pH; Principles of instrumentation; Maintenance and operations of major analytical instruments; Flame photometers; Calorimeters; Spectrophotometers; Photometers; Amino acid analyzers; IRV; UVR; pH meters; Conductivity bridge; Gas systems for monitoring analytical procedures; Feature and functions of a soil testing laboratory.


SSL 527: Soil Biology and Biochemistry (2 Credits)

Microbiological activities in soils; Organic matter and organic matter decomposition; The nitrogen cycle to include the biochemistry and microbiology of nitrification; Symbiotic and non-symbiotic N-fixation; The phosphorus cycle; Microbial transformations of sulphur, iron and other minerals; Transmission of hydrocarbons and pesticides; Microbial factors of soil aggregate production and destruction; Ecological interrelations; Soil reaction – acidity, alkalinity and salinity; Soil chemistry and plant nutrition; The micro-elements; Properties, chemistry and utilization of water-logged soils; Redox potentials.


AGR 213: Introduction to Biotechnology (2 Credits)

Meaning of Biotechnology; Impact of Biotechnology on a Variety of Economic Activities involving Food, Soil Fertility Improvement, Crop Production and Environment; Microbial Inoculation of Plants; Selection and Multiplication of Plant Beneficial Microorganisms for Improved Plant Nutrition (Bio-fertilizers) and for Improved Biological Control of Pests, Weeds and Diseases (Biological Control Agents); Plant Tissue Culture of Plant Seeds, Embryos, Tissues, Cells or Protoplasts on Artificial Nutrient Mediums under Sterile Conditions; Plant Cell Cultures; Production of Cultures of Individual Plant Cells in a Liquid Medium for the Production of Plant Products.


CSH 506: Field Experimentation (2 Credits)

Principles of field experimentation in crop and soil sciences; Research methodology; Experimental layout; Field survey; Normal distribution and sampling; Measurements and data analysis.


AEC 526: Agricultural Project Appraisal, Management and Supervision (2 Credits)


CSH 522: Forage and Fodder Crop Production (2 Credits)

Adaptation and botany of indigenous and introduced forage plants; Characteristics of topical grasses, legumes and shrubs; Establishment, production and seed production of forage plants; The utilization and maintenance in permanent and temporary pastures; Forage conservation, dry season feeds.


AGR 424; Report Writing (3 Credits)

Organization and Presentation of Technical Ideas, Principles and Technical Writing.


AEC 422: Agricultural Extension Practice (2 Credits)


FST 222: Introduction to Agricultural Biochemistry (2 Credits)

This Course was Designed to give the Students an Overview of the Subject of Biochemistry; Classification and structure of Carbohydrate; Concepts of Reducing Sugars; The Glycosidic Bond; Chirality of Carbohydrate; Polymer Structures of Starch, Glycogen and Cellulose; Carbohydrate Metabolism; The Glycolytic; The Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle; Oxidative Phosphorylation and the Electron Transfer Chain; Generation of ATP by the Electron Transport Chain; Gluconeogenesis – Importance and Nature of this Pathway; Introduction to Amino Acids; Structure of Amino Acids Found in Proteins; None-protein Amino Acids; Properties of Amino Acids; Reactions of amino Acids; Biosynthesis of Amino Acids: Transamination, Deamination; Oxidative Amination Reaction; Urea Cycle; Protein Structure: Primary Structure, Secondary Structure, Tertiary Structure, Quaternary Structure; Classification of Proteins: Fibrous Proteins, Globular Proteins, Antibodies, Hormones, etc.; Protein Biosynthesis; Protein Synthesis; Role of Amino Acids and Proteins in Plant and Animal Growth; Classification of Fats; Synthesis of Fats; Fat Metabolism; Nucleic Acid Structures; Purine and Pyrimidine Nucleosides; Nucleotides; Nucleic Acid Metabolism; Biochemistry of Nitrogen Fixation by Symbiotic and Non-symbiotic Systems; Photosynthesis: The Light and Dark Reactions; Photosynthesis I and II; Relationship of the Light Reaction to the Dark Reaction; The Dark Reaction – Fixation of CO2 in the Calvin Cycle; Introduction to Enzymes – Nature, Properties and Classification; Enzyme Kinetics – Factors Influencing Enzyme Catalysis; Bioenergetics.

CSH 511: Vegetable and Fruit Crop Production (2 Credits)

History, definition, classification and importance of vegetable crops; Ecological distribution of vegetables and fruits in Nigeria; Varieties and adaptation of exotic vegetables and fruits to the Nigerian environment; Types and systems of vegetable and fruit production; Production practices, harvesting, handling, processing, storage, marketing and utilization of vegetables and tropical fruit crops; Methods of plant propagation; Nursery systems, diseases and pests of vegetables and fruit crops’ Horticultural machines and equipment; Principles of producing, planting, maintaining ornamental trees, shrubs, perennials and fruits in the nursery, home and parks.


CSH 515: Crop Husbandry (Field Crops) (2 Credits)


CSH 513: Plant Protection (2 Credits)

Quarantine regulations and phytosanitary measures; Fundamentals of plant resistance to diseases, principles and methods of disease control and management; Principles, techniques and equipment for applying crop protection chemicals in the control of field and storage pest, diseases and weeds. Equipment maintenance and repair; storage of pesticides.


SSL 519: Soil Survey and Land Use Planning (2 Credits)

Basic principles of soil classification; Soil profile study and description; Soil survey methodology; Assemblage of maps, photo; Use of aerial photographs; Topographic maps; Field survey versus grid survey; field mapping; soil morphological investigations; Laboratory determinations; Soil correlation; Soil survey report writing; Interpretive reports; Management properties of some tropical soils; Soil and land capability classification for various purposes; The use and misuse of land in the tropics; Land potential assessment.


SSL 521: Soil Physics (2 Credits)

The physical and physic-chemical properties of soils; Colloidal behavior; Soil structure, soil texture and the surface area of soil particles; Soil consistency; Atterberg limits; Soil moisture and its categories and measurements; Hysteresis; Field water cycle; Soil air and temperature; Gas and heat transportation in soils; Soil-plant atmosphere-continuum; Laboratory determination of the physical properties of soils.


SSL 523: Soil Genesis and Classification (2 Credits)

Soil genesis: Soil horizon, soil profile, soil forming factors, soil forming processes; Soil classification: Aims and purposes; Historical perspective; Diagnostic horizons, properties and phases; Soil classification systems: FAO-UNESCO World Soil Legend, United State Department of Agriculture (USDA) Soil Taxonomy, World Reference Base for soil resources (WRB), Other classification systems.


CSH 526: Crop Husbandry (Plantation Crops) (2 Credits)


CSH 528: Plant Breeding and Seed Production (2 Credits)

Significance of reproductive system in cultivated plants; Sexual and asexual reproduction; Techniques and principles of crop germ-plasm bank; Role of plant breeding in pest and disease control in crops; Selection methods in breeding programmes; Maintenance of breeding stock; Multiplication and distribution of improved crop varieties.


SSL 528: Soil Cartography and Remote Sensing (2 Credits)

An overview of cartography (history, current status, definitions); Basic mapping principles (scale, projections, spatial reference systems); Elements of map design and layout (map types, lettering); Cartographic analysis (data sources, cartographic reasoning, thematic analysis); Map abstraction (classification, simplification, exaggeration, symbolization, generalization); Cartographic communication (visualization, map production process); The impact of new technologies on cartography (GIS, GPS, RS, Internet); Cartography and society (how to lie with maps, truths about maps, cartographic ethics); Sources of cartographic data (field, maps, aerial photograph, satellite imagery); Soil survey (definition, types, applications); Base maps (photographic, schematic); Methods of transforming the physical environment (soil survey data) into a map product (manual, aerial photo interpretation, GIS-based).


SSL 534: Seminar (1 Credit)

Each student will be required to give a seminar in the final year and participation in all departmental seminars.



SSL 599: Project (4 Credits)

Each student is expected to choose and execute a research project under the supervision of an academic staff of the University.