**DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE EDUCATION **

** **

**BIOLOGY OPTION**

** **

**YEAR ONE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 101 | Use of English I | 2 |

2 | GSS 107 | Nigerian Peoples and Culture | 2 |

3 | EDU 101 | Sociological Foundation of Education | 2 |

4 | BIO 101 | General Biology I | 3 |

5 | CSC 101 | Computer Programming and Language I | 2 |

6 | MAT 101 | Elementary Maths | 3 |

TOTAL | 14 |

** **

** **

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 102 | Use of English II | 2 |

2 | GSS 109 | Igbo Language | 1 |

2 | GSS 106 | Social Sciences | 2 |

3 | CSC 102 | Computer Programming II | 2 |

4 | BIO 102 | General Biology II | 3 |

5 | MAT 102 | Elementary Mathematics | 3 |

TOTAL | 13 |

**YEAR TWO: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 105 | Humanities | 2 |

2 | EDU 103 | History Found of Education | 2 |

3 | SED 101 | Basic Chemistry I | 3 |

4 | EDU 212 | Psychology of Learning | 3 |

5 | BOT 201 | Seedless Plants | 3 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | CSC 101 | Comp Programming and Lang | 2 |

TOTAL | 15 |

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 102 | Philosophical Foundation of Education | 2 |

2 | EDU 111 | Introduction to Education Psychology | 3 |

3 | SED 102 | Basic Chemistry II | 3 |

4 | SED 111 | Nature and History of Science | 2 |

5 | BOT 204 | Seed Plants | 2 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | CSC 102 | Computer Programming II | 2 |

TOTAL | 14 |

** **

**YEAR THREE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 221 | Fund of Curriculum Development | 2 |

2 | EDU 222 | Basic Methodology | 2 |

3 | BIO 251 | General Genetics | 3 |

4 | BIO 201 | Introduction to Biotechniques | 2 |

5 | SED 211 | Introduction to Science Education | 3 |

6 | ZOO 201 | Invertebrate Zoology | 3 |

TOTAL | 15 |

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 225 | Micro Teaching | 2 |

2 | EDU 261 | Educational Technology | 3 |

3 | ZOO 202 | Chordate Zoology | 3 |

4 | EDU 223 | Special Method | 2 |

5 | BOT 341 | Mycology | 2 |

TOTAL | 12 |

**YEAR FOUR: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 108 | Igbo Language (Excluding Direct Entry) | 1 |

2 | BOT 321 | Principles of Plant Taxonomy | 3 |

3 | SED 311 | Laboratory Organization and Mgt | 3 |

4 | EDU 333 | Tests and Measurement | 2 |

5 | BIO 232 | General Physiology | 3 |

TOTAL | 12 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 325 | Teaching Practice II | 4 |

** **

** **

**YEAR FIVE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 331 | Educational Research and Statistics | 3 |

2 | BIO 361 | Principles of Ecology & Field Course | 3 |

3 | BOT 311 | Plant Anatomy | 3 |

4 | BOT 331 | Plant Physiology I | 3 |

5 | ZOO 282 | Introduction to Parasitology | 2 |

TOTAL | 14 |

** **

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | BOT 402 | Economic Botany | 3 |

2 | BOT471 | Plant Pathology | 3 |

3 | BIO 463 | Population Ecology | 3 |

4 | BOT 452 | Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding | 3 |

5 | SED 411 | Special Problems in Science Education | 3 |

TOTAL | 15 |

**YEAR SIX: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | ZOO 331 | Animal Psychololy and Behaviour | 3 |

2 | ZOO 321 | Basic Entomology | 3 |

3 | BIO 461 | Conservation and Development of Natural Resources | 3 |

4 | BIO 351 | Cytogentics | 3 |

5 | BIO 464 | Environmental Biology | 3 |

TOTAL | 15 |

** **

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 433 | Research Project | 4 |

2 | SED 412 | Curriculum Development in Science Education | 3 |

3 | ZOO 462 | Wildlife Ecology and Conservation | 3 |

4 | SED 241 | Integrating Science | 2 |

TOTAL | 12 |

** **

**CHEMISTRY OPTION**

** **

**YEAR ONE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 101 | Use of English I | 2 |

2 | GSS 107 | Nigerian Peoples and Culture | 2 |

3 | CSC 101 | Computer Programming and Language I | 2 |

4 | EDU 101 | Sociological Foundation of Education | 2 |

5 | ICH 101 | Basic Organic Chemistry I | 2 |

6 | ICH 111 | Basic Inorganic and General Chemistry | 2 |

7 | MAT 101 | Mathematics I | 3 |

TOTAL | 15 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 109 | Igbo Language II | 1 |

2 | GSS 102 | Use of English II | 2 |

3 | GSS 106 | Social Science | 2 |

4 | CSC 102 | Computer Programme | 2 |

5 | ICH 102 | Basic Physical Chemistry | 2 |

MAT 102 | Mathematics II | 3 | |

TOTAL | 12 |

**YEAR TWO: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 103 | Historical Foundation of Education | 2 |

2 | PHY 101 | Physics I | 3 |

3 | EDU 212 | Psychology of Learning | 3 |

4 | ICH 201 | General Organic I | 2 |

5 | ICH 211 | General Inorganic Chemistry I | 2 |

6 | ICH 221 | General Physical Chemistry I | 2 |

TOTAL | 14 |

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 102 | Philosophical Foundation of Education | 2 |

2 | EDU 111 | Introduction to Education Psychology | 3 |

3 | SED 111 | History and Philosophy | 2 |

4 | PHY 102 | Physics II | 3 |

5 | ICH 112 | Practical Chemistry | 2 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | CSC 102 | Computer Programme II | 2 |

TOTAL | 13 |

**YEAR THREE: ****FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 222 | Basic Methodology | 2 |

2 | ICH 231 | Analytical Chemistry I | 2 |

3 | ICH 241 | Practical Organic Chemistry I | 2 |

4 | ICH 251 | Practical Inorganic Chemistry | 3 |

5 | SED 211 | Introduction to Science Education | 3 |

6 | ICH 301 | Mechanism of Organic Reaction | 2 |

TOTAL | 14 |

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 223 | Special Methodology | 2 |

2 | EDU 225 | Micro Teaching | 2 |

3 | ICH 212 | General Inorganic Chemistry II | 2 |

4 | ICH 222 | Chemistry of Rep Element II | 2 |

5 | ICH 202 | General Organic Chemistry II | 2 |

6 | ICH 232 | General Physical Chemistry II | 2 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | GSS 106 | Social Science | 2 |

TOTAL | 14 |

** **

**YEAR FOUR: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 108 | Igbo Language (Excluding Direct Entry) | 1 |

2 | EDU 335 | Introduction to Special Education | 2 |

3 | ICH 341 | Chemistry of Transition Elements | 2 |

4 | ICH 351 | Chemical Kinetics and Thermodynamics | 2 |

5 | ICH 361 | Introduction to Polymer Science | 2 |

6 | ICH 371 | Resources of Industry | 2 |

SED 311 | Laboratory Organisation and Management | 3 | |

TOTAL | 14 |

** **

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 261 | Educational Technology | 2 |

2 | ICH 252 | Practical Physical Chemistry | 2 |

3 | EDU 325 | Teaching Practice | 4 |

TOTAL | 8 |

** **

** **

**YEAR FIVE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 105 | Humanities (Excluding Direct Entry) | 2 |

2 | GSS 107 | Nigeria Peoples and Culture | 2 |

3 | EDU 333 | Test and Measurement | 2 |

4 | ICH 311 | Stero and Carbohydrate Chemistry | 2 |

EDU 331 | Education Research and Statistics | 3 | |

ICH 401 | Natural Product Chemistry | 2 | |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | CSC 101 | Computer Programme and Language | 2 |

TOTAL | 15 |

** **

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | ICH 262 | Practical Inorganic Chemistry II | 2 |

2 | ICH 242 | Non – Spectral Analytical Technique | 2 |

3 | ICH 441 | Electro Chemistry | 2 |

4 | ICH 412 | Organometallic | 2 |

5 | SED 449 | Chemistry of Coal and Petroleum Products | 3 |

TOTAL | 11 |

**YEAR SIX: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | ICH 321 | Poly Functional and Protein Chemistry | 2 |

2 | ICH 471 | Chemical of Heavy Inorganic Materials | 2 |

3 | ICH 331 | Heterocylic Chemistry | 2 |

4 | SED 411 | Special Problems in Science Education | 3 |

5 | SED 413 | Radio and Nuclear Chemistry | 3 |

TOTAL | 12 |

** **

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 433 | Research Project | 4 |

2 | ICH 462 | Chemistry Industry and Environment | 2 |

3 | SED 412 | Curriculum Development in Science Education | 3 |

4 | SED 446 | Industrial Processes | 3 |

5 | SED 241 | Integrating Science | 2 |

TOTAL | 14 |

**COMPUTER OPTION**

** **

**YEAR ONE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 101 | Use of English I | 2 |

2 | GSS 107 | Nigerian Peoples and Culture | 2 |

3 | EDU 101 | sociological Foundations of Education | 2 |

4 | MAT 101 | Elementary Mathematics | 3 |

5 | ICH 101 | Basic Organic chemistry | 2 |

6 | ICH 111 | Basic Organic and General Chemistry | 2 |

7 | CSC 101 | Computer Programming and Languages I | 2 |

TOTAL | 15 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 109 | Igbo Language I | 1 |

2 | GSS 102 | Use of English II | 2 |

3 | GSS 106 | Social Science | 2 |

4 | CSC 102 | Introduction to Computer Programming | 2 |

5 | MAT 102 | Elementary Mathematics II | 3 |

6 | CSC 103 | Computer Practices | 2 |

TOTAL | 12 |

** **

**YEAR TWO: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 105 | Humanities | 2 |

2 | EDU 103 | Historical Foundations of Education | 2 |

3 | PHY 101 | Physics I | 3 |

4 | EDU 212 | Psychology of Learning | 3 |

5 | CSC 201 | Computer Programming I | 2 |

6 | CSC 221 | Assembly Language | 2 |

TOTAL | 14 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 102 | Philosophical Foundation of Education | 2 |

2 | EDU 111 | Introduction to Education Psychology | 3 |

3 | SED 111 | Nature and History of Science | 2 |

4 | PHY 102 | General Physics II | 3 |

5 | CSC 102 | Computer Programming II | 2 |

6 | CSC 232 | Data Base Design and Management | 2 |

TOTAL | 12 |

** **

**YEAR THREE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 222 | Basic Methodology | 2 |

2 | SED 211 | Introduction to Science Education | 3 |

3 | CSC 261 | Information Technology | 2 |

4 | CSC 231 | Automata Theory and Computability | 2 |

5 | CSC 211 | Intro. to Computer Systems and Programming | 2 |

6 | EDU 221 | Foundation of Curriculum Development | 2 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | CSC 101 | Computer Programme Language I | 2 |

TOTAL | 15 |

** **

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 221 | Special Methodology | 2 |

2 | EDU 225 | Teaching Practices (Micro – Teaching) | 2 |

3 | CSC 252 | Software Engineering (Data Structure) | 2 |

4 | MAT 202 | Elementary Differential Equation | 3 |

5 | PHY 202 | Electric Circuits and Electronics | 2 |

6 | EDU 261 | Educational Technology | 3 |

TOTAL | 14 |

** **

** **

**YEAR FOUR: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 109 | Igbo Language I | 1 |

2 | EDU 333 | Test and Measurement | 2 |

3 | CSC 311 | Digital Design and Microprocessor | 2 |

4 | CSC 331 | Data Structure and Algorithms | 2 |

5 | CSC 341 | Numerical Computation | 2 |

6 | CSC 351 | Systems Analysis and Design | 2 |

7 | SED 311 | Laboratory Organisation and Management | 2 |

8 | EDU 335 | Element of Special Education | 2 |

TOTAL | 15 |

** **

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 325 | TEACHING PRACTICE | 4 |

TOTAL | 4 |

** **

** **

**YEAR FIVE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 331 | Intro. to Educational Research | 3 |

2 | CSC 371 | Computer Architecture | 2 |

3 | CSC 421 | Organisation of Programming Language | 4 |

4 | SED 411 | Survey of Programming Language | 3 |

5 | CSC 361 | Operations Research | 2 |

6 | GSS 107 | Nigerian Peoples and Culture | 2 |

TOTAL | 16 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | CSC 412 | Computer Graphics | 2 |

2 | CSC 442 | Computer Modelling and Simulation | 2 |

3 | CSC 452 | Expert Systems | 2 |

4 | CSC 481 | Computer Installation and Management | 2 |

5 | CSC 471 | Website Application and Management | 2 |

TOTAL | 10 |

** **

** **

**YEAR SIX: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | CSC 431 | Algorithm and Complexity Analysis | 2 |

2 | CSC 433 | Algorithms | 2 |

3 | CSC 441 | Numerical Methods II | 2 |

4 | CSC 451 | Artificial Intelligence | 3 |

5 | CSC 422 | Software Designs and Management | 2 |

TOTAL | 11 |

** **

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 433 | Research Project | 4 |

2 | CSC 413 | Queuing Systems | 2 |

3 | SED 412 | Curriculum Development in Science Education | 3 |

4 | SED 241 | Integrating Science | 2 |

TOTAL | 11 |

** **

**MATHEMATICS OPTION**

** **

**YEAR ONE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 101 | Use of English I | 2 |

2 | GSS 107 | Nigerian Peoples and Culture | 2 |

3 | CSC 101 | Computer Programming and Language I | 2 |

4 | EDU 101 | Sociological Foundations of Education | 2 |

5 | MAT 161 | Elementary Mechanics I | 3 |

6 | MAT 101 | Elementary Maths I | 3 |

TOTAL | 15 |

** **

** **

** **

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 102 | Use of English II | 2 |

2 | CSC 102 | Computer Programme II | 2 |

3 | MAT 102 | Elementary Mathematics II | 3 |

4 | GSS 106 | Social Sciences | 2 |

5 | GSS 109 | Basic Igbo Language II | 1 |

6 | MAT 162 | Elementary Mechanics II | 3 |

7 | EDU 261 | Educational Techonology | 2 |

TOTAL | 15 |

** **

** **

**YEAR TWO: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 105 | Humanities | 2 |

2 | EDU 103 | Historical Foundations of Education | 2 |

3 | EDU 212 | Psychology | 3 |

4 | MAT 231 | Calculus | 3 |

5 | MAT 251 | Introduction to Real Analysis | 3 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | CSC 101 | Computer Programme I | 2 |

TOTAL | 15 |

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 102 | Philosophical Foundations of Education | 2 |

2 | EDU 111 | Intro to Educational Psychology | 3 |

3 | SED 111 | Nature and History of Science | 2 |

4 | MAT 111 | Introduction to Actual Maths | 3 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | CSC 101 | Computer Programme Language I | 2 |

2 | GSS 106 | Social Science | 2 |

TOTAL | 14 |

** **

** **

**YEAR THREE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 221 | Fundamentals of Curriculum Development | 2 |

2 | EDU 222 | Basic Methodology | 2 |

3 | MAT 211 | Intro to Actual Maths II | 3 |

4 | STA 111 | Probability I | 3 |

5 | SED 211 | Intro to Science Education | 3 |

TOTAL | 13 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | MAT 202 | Elementary Differential Equations | 4 |

2 | EDU 225 | Micro Teaching | 2 |

3 | EDU 223 | Special Methodology (Maths) | 2 |

4 | MAT 221 | Numerical Methods | 3 |

TOTAL | 10 |

**YEAR FOUR: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | STA 211 | Probability Theory II | 3 |

2 | MAT 351 | Real Analysis | 3 |

3 | EDU 333 | Test and Measurement | 2 |

4 | MAT 321 | Numerical Analysis I | 3 |

5 | MAT 332 | Differential Equations | 3 |

TOTAL | 14 |

** **

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 325 | Teaching Practice | 4 |

2 | MAT 252 | Complex Variables | 3 |

3 | MAT 241 | Number Theory | 3 |

TOTAL | 10 |

** **

** **

**YEAR FIVE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 108 | Igbo Language (Excluding Direct Entry) | 1 |

2 | EDU 331 | Educational Research and Statistics | 3 |

3 | MAT 331 | Advanced Calculus | 3 |

4 | MAT 450 | Complex Analysis | 3 |

5 | MAT 361 | OR STA 311, OR SED 346 OR SED 347 (one elective) | 3 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | GSS 107 | Nigeria People & Culture | 2 |

TOTAL | 15 |

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | MAT 432 | Partial Differential Equations | 3 |

2 | MAT 435 | Mathematical Methods | 3 |

3 | SED 311 | Laboratory Organisation and Management | 3 |

4 | EDU 261 | Educational Technology | 2 |

TOTAL | 11 |

**YEAR SIX: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 411 | Special Problems in Science Education | 3 |

2 | MAT 422 | Mathematical Modelling | 3 |

3 | MAT 431 | Theory of O.D.E | 3 |

4 | MAT 452 | Complex Analysis I | 3 |

TOTAL | 12 |

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 433 | Research Project | 4 |

2 | SED 412 | Curri Development in Science Education | 3 |

3 | MAT 454 | Complex Analysis II | 3 |

4 | SED 241 | Integrating Science | 2 |

TOTAL | 12 |

**PHYSICS OPTION**

** **

**YEAR ONE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 101 | Use of English I | 2 |

2 | GSS 107 | Nigerian Peoples and Culture | 2 |

3 | GSS 108 | Igbo Language I | 1 |

4 | EDU 101 | Sociological Foundations of Education | 2 |

5 | PHY 101 | General Physics ( Mechanics) | 3 |

6 | MAT 101 | Elementary Mathematics I | 3 |

7 | CSC 101 | Computer Programming I | 2 |

TOTAL | 15 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 102 | Use of English II | 2 |

2 | GSS 106 | Social Science | 2 |

3 | GSS 109 | Igbo Language I | 1 |

4 | CSC 102 | Computer Programming II | 2 |

5 | MAT 102 | General Mathematics II | 3 |

6 | PHY 102 | General Phy II (Electricity And Magnetism) | 3 |

TOTAL | 13 |

** **

**YEAR TWO: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 105 | Humanities | 2 |

2 | EDU 103 | Historical Foundations of Education | 2 |

3 | PHY 103 | General Physics II ( Properties of Matter) | 3 |

4 | PHY 107 | General Physics Laboratory | 1 |

5 | EDU 212 | Psychology of Learning | 3 |

6 | MAT 161 | Elementary Mechanics I | 3 |

TOTAL | 14 |

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 102 | Philosophical Foundation of Education | 2 |

2 | EDU 111 | Introduction To Education Psychology | 3 |

3 | SED 111 | Nature and History of Science | 2 |

4 | EDU 223 | Special Method | 2 |

5 | PHY 108 | General Physics II | 2 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | CSC 102 | Computer Programming II | 2 |

TOTAL | 13 |

** **

**YEAR THREE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | PHY 201 | General Physics | 3 |

2 | EDU 222 | Basic Methodology | 2 |

3 | EDU 221 | Fundamentals Of Curriculum Development | 2 |

4 | PHY 205 | Thermal Physics I | 3 |

5 | PHY 207 | Experimental Physics I | 1 |

6 | SED 211 | Introduction To Science Education | 3 |

TOTAL | 14 |

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 225 | Micro Teaching | 2 |

2 | PHY 202 | Electric Circuit and Electrostatics | 3 |

3 | PHY 204 | General Physics | 3 |

4 | MAT 162 | Elementary Mechanics | 3 |

TOTAL | 11 |

** **

**YEAR FOUR: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | PHY 303 | Electricity and Magnetism | 3 |

2 | EDU 335 | Introduction To Special Education | 2 |

3 | PHY 305 | Quantum Mechanics I | 3 |

4 | PHY 313 | Electronics | 3 |

5 | SED 311 | Laboratory Organisation and Management | 3 |

TOTAL | 14 |

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 325 | Teaching Practice II | 4 |

2 | EDU 261 | Educational Technology | 3 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | GSS 106 | Social Science | 2 |

TOTAL | 9 |

** **

**YEAR FIVE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 333 | Tests and Measurements | 2 |

2 | EDU 331 | Educational Research and Statistics | 3 |

3 | PHY 309 | Introduction to Astronomy | 3 |

4 | PHY 307 | Experimental Physics | 1 |

5 | PHY 401 | Solid State and Spectroscopy | 3 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | CSC 101 | Computer Programming I | 2 |

TOTAL | 14 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | PHY 208 | Experimental Physics II | 1 |

2 | PHY 402 | Solar Energy | 2 |

3 | PHY 412 | Nuclear and Particulate Physics | 3 |

4 | PHY 414 | Solid State Physics | 3 |

TOTAL | 9 |

**YEAR SIX: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | PHY 405 | Quantum Mechanics II | 3 |

2 | PHY 411 | Nuclear and Particle Physics | 3 |

3 | PHY 407 | Experimental Physics | 1 |

4 | SED 411 | Special Problems in Science Education | 3 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | GSS 107 | Nigerian People and Culture | 2 |

TOTAL | 11 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 433 | Research Project | 4 |

2 | SED 412 | Curriculum Development in Science Education | 3 |

3 | SED 448 | Advanced Properties of Matter | 3 |

4 | SED 241 | Integrating Science | 2 |

TOTAL | 12 |

** **

**INTEGRATED SCIENCE OPTION**

** **

**YEAR ONE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 101 | Use of English | 2 |

2 | GSS 107 | Nigerian Peoples and Culture | 2 |

3 | CSC 101 | Computer Programming and Language I | 2 |

4 | EDU 101 | Sociological Foundations of Education | 2 |

5 | SED 101 | Basic Chemistry I | 3 |

6 | BIO 101 | General Biology I | 3 |

TOTAL | 14 |

** **

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 102 | Use of English II | 2 |

2 | GSS 106 | Social Science | 2 |

3 | CSC 102 | Computer Programming II | 2 |

4 | SED 102 | Basic Chemistry | 3 |

5 | BIO 102 | General Biology | 2 |

6 | GSS 109 | Basic Igbo Language II | 1 |

TOTAL | 12 |

** **

** **

**YEAR TWO: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | GSS 105 | Humanities | 2 |

2 | GSS 108 | Igbo Language (Excluding Direct Entry) | 1 |

2 | EDU 103 | Historical Foundations of Education | 2 |

3 | EDU 212 | Psychology of Learning | 3 |

4 | SED 201 | Basic Physics 1 | 3 |

5 | SED 245 | Physical Chemistry of Systems 1 | 3 |

TOTAL | 14 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 102 | Philosophical Foundation in Education | 2 |

2 | EDU 111 | Introduction to Education Psychology | 2 |

3 | SED 111 | Nature and History of Education | 2 |

4 | EDU 223 | Special Method | 2 |

5 | SED 102 | Basic Physics II | 3 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | CSC 102 | Computer Programming II | 2 |

TOTAL | 13 |

** **

** **

**YEAR THREE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 321 | Fundamentals of Curriculum Development | 2 |

2 | EDU 222 | Basic Methodology | 2 |

3 | SED 242 | Fundamentals Concept of Matter | 3 |

4 | SED 211 | Introduction to Science Education | 3 |

5 | SED 246 | Biochemical System 1 | 3 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | CSC 101 | Computer Programming I | 2 |

TOTAL | 15 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 225 | Micro Teaching | 2 |

2 | EDU 261 | Educational Technology | 3 |

3 | SED 243 | Fundamental Concepts of Energy | 3 |

DIRECT ENTRY TO ADD | |||

1 | GSS 106 | Social Sciences | 2 |

TOTAL | 10 |

** **

** **

**YEAR FOUR: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 335 | Introduction to Special Education/ G & C | 2 |

2 | SED 344 | Geophysical Systems and Space Science | 3 |

3 | SED 311 | Laboratory Organization and Management | 3 |

4 | EDU 333 | Test and Measurement | 3 |

5 | SED 342 | Biophysical Systems | 3 |

TOTAL | 15 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | SED 244 | Life Sciences | 3 |

2 | SED 246 | Biochemical Systems I | 3 |

3 | EDU 325 | Teaching Practice | 4 |

TOTAL | 10 |

** **

** **

**YEAR FIVE: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 331 | Education Research and Statistics | 3 |

2 | SED 346 | Properties of Matter | 3 |

3 | SED345 | Environmental Pollution | 3 |

4 | SED 441 | Analytical Processes | 3 |

5 | SED 442 | Biogeography | 3 |

TOTAL | 15 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | SED 401 | Advanced Properties of Matter I | 3 |

2 | SED 444 | Elements of Cytogenetics | 3 |

3 | SED 446 | Industrial Processes | 3 |

4 | SED 448 | Modern View of Physical System | 3 |

TOTAL | 12 |

**YEAR SIX: FIRST SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | SED 443 | Biochemical Systems II | 3 |

2 | SED 411 | Special Problems in Science Education | 2 |

3 | SED 413 | Radio and Nuclear Chemistry | 3 |

4 | SED 445 | Physical Chemistry of Systems II | 3 |

TOTAL | 11 |

** **

**SECOND SEMESTER**

S/N | COURSE CODE | COURSE TITLE | CREDIT HOURS |

1 | EDU 433 | Research Project | 4 |

2 | SED 402 | Advanced Properties of Matter II | 3 |

3 | SED 412 | Curriculum Dev. in Science Education | 3 |

4 | SED 241 | Integrating Science | 2 |

TOTAL | 12 |

** **

**DESCRIPTION OF BIOLOGY COURSES**

** **

**BIO 101: GENERAL BIOLOGY I (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE REQUISITE – O/L Biology**

Cell structure and organization of cellular organelles diversity, characteristics and classification of living things, general reproduction, inter relationship of organisms, hereditary and evolution, elements of ecology and types of habitats.

** **

**BIO 102 – GENERAL BIOLOGY II (3 CREDITS **

**PRE-REQUISITE – O/L Biology BIO 101**

Generalized survey or plant and animal kingdoms based mainly on study of similarities and differences in the external features and ecological adaptation of these forms.

**BIO 201 – INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES (2 CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQUISITE – BIO 101 and 102**

Microscope, preparation of temporary and permanent microscope slides. Photometry, colorimetry, chromatography, conductometry and experimental design. Collection and preservation of biological specimen from terrestrial and aquatic habitats.

**BIO 203 – INTRODUCTION TO CELL BIOLOGY (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQUISITE – BIO 101 AND 102**

Detailed study of cell and cell organelles including their ultrastructure. General structure of prokaryotic and Eucaryotic cells. Cytology and cytochemical methods, cytoplasm and cytoplasmic organelles, variation in chromosome morphology and number, poly ploidy and mutations.

**BI0212 – SYSTEMATIC BIOLOGY (2 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITE – BIO 121 AND 102**

Bio systematic approach to the classification or organisms and nomenclature of classification of organisms.

**BIO 212 – GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITE – BIO 101 AND 102**

Structure, properties and organization of matter. Thermodynamics and energy of reactions. Physiological importance of inorganic and organic molecules.

**BIO 251 – GENERAL GENETICS (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE -REQUISITE – BIO 101 AND 102**

Historical background and Mendel’s work. Basic terminologies, Chemical nature of the gene and gene interaction. hereditable and non-hereditable characteristics. Sex determination, inheritance in populatiob multiple allde’s sex linkage, mutation; molecular basis of inheritance (DNA) RNA and protein synthesis. The concept and theory of evolution, variation and natural selection. Aspects of human genetics and common generic diseases.

**BIO 261 – INTRODUCTORY ECOLOGY (2 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITE BIO 101 AND 102**

Definitions of basic concepts. Environmental factors: abiotic and biotic factors of terrestrial and aquatic habitats, energy flow and nutrient cycling in various ecosystems. Major biornes of the world. Population parameters, basic sampling techniques for both plants and animals.

**BIO 303 – BIOMETRY (2 CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQUISITE – STAT. 202**

Definition of terms: Frequency, Pre-Chart, normal distribution and its deviation measurement of variance; sampling distribution and analysis- t -test, χ^{2} (Chi-Square); E-values, U-test. K-test, etc., hypotheses testing; all aspects of experiment design through analysis of variance. Probability theory, correlation and regress analysis.

**BIO 361 – PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGY AND FIELD COURSE (3 CREDITS). **

**PRE-REQUISITE – BIO 261**

Sampling techniques for plants, animals, and environmental factors in local terrestrial and aquatic habitats. The ecosystem concept, community attributes and species diversity, community metabolism and community dynamic. Local biotic communities and its environment. Extensive fieldwork and written reports.

**BIO 401: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (3 CREDITS)**

Biogenesis of microtubules, Microfilaments, golgi and mitochondria membrane interactions: introduction to bioenegetics and thermodynamics.

**BIO 403: SOIL SCIENCE (2 CREDITS)**

Physical and chemical nature of soil. Soil provide and soil classifications. Plant soil water relationships. Detritus organisms clycling of nutrients. Nutrient pools.

**BIO 461: CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQUISITE: 200304, 342, 361, 365**

Development of conservation movement, scope of conservation, strategy for conservation, man, nature and resources, principles of paces grasslands and gazing, man’s use of water, forestry, agricultural systems and production, the sea and its mineral and biological resources, pollution, environmental limits of man’s economic growth.

**BIO 464: ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQ: BIO 361**

The human environment, land, water and air. Impact of human activities on these environments, including pollution from industrial activities and environmental mutagens and carcinogens. Management of human environment, including solid waste disposal.

**BIO 464: CLIMATOLOGY (2 CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQ: BIO 361**

Trends and concepts in climatology, energy and water. Earth and its atmosphere. Climatic classification and climatic changes. The general circulation of the atmosphere. Weather and climate in the tropics and temperature lands.

**ZOOLOGY COURSES**

** **

**ZOO 201 – INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITE – BIO 101, 102, PAE 102.**

General characteristics, organization, classification, inter relationships, life history, adaptations, economic importance of the invertebrate phyla with selected examples from protozoa to anthropoid.

** **

** **

**ZOO 202 – CHORDATE ZOOLOGY (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQUISTI&-ZOO 201**

Light, phase-contrast, dark-field and election microscopy, auto-radio graph, florescence cell cycle, introductory cytogenetic. Detailed structure and functions of tissues and organs of vertebrates, histological techniques.

**ZOO 311 – IMMUNOLOGY (3 CREDITS)**

The immune response, structure of antigens, antigenic determinants of cellular response structure and classification of immunoglobulin and antibodies, mechanisms and theories of antibody interactions, role of lymphoid tissues and thymus in immune response immunological tolerance, complement system. Hypersensitivity, allergic reaction therapeutic and prophylactic application of immunology.

**ZOO 331 – ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITE – ZOO 201 AND 202**

Principles of physiology in animals, functional inter-relationships of the different organs and organ systems in animals, metabolic processes, control systems, reproduction heredity and adaptation, principles of animal behavior, reflexes, sense organs stimuli biological rhythms, instinct, learning, conflict behavior in animals from invertebrates to vertebrates.

**ZOO – 341 – FISH PARASITES AND DISEASES (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISTIE – PAE 102, ZOO 202**

Fish diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, protozoa and viruses, skin parasites and infections, Helminthes and crustacean parasites of fish, respiratory diseases of fish, Tumors and other fish diseases peculiar to the tropics, deficiency and environmental diseases, prevention and control of fish diseases, other enemies offish including harmful insects and amphibians, reptiles, other fishes, birds and mammals.

** **

**ZOO 462: WILDLIFE ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION (3 CREDITS)**

Dynamics of wildlife population, techniques of wildlife investigation, principles of wild life management, the wild life resources of Nigeria, conservation policies, problems and prospects, wildlife resources differences in values, management philosophies and traditions.

**BOTANY COURSES**

** **

**BOT 201 – SEEDLESS PLANTS (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQUISITES – BIO 101 AND 102**

The fundamental structure and functions of Cryptogama, the environmental features, agricultural and industrial importance, evolutionary sequence of members of the Thallophyta (bacteria, fungi and algae). Bryophyta (liverworts, hornworts and mosses), and Pteridophyta will be studied.

**BOT 204 – SEED PLANTS (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE REQUISITE – BIO 101 AND 102**

Morphological study of the stems, roots leaves, flowers and fruits of Angiosperms, including their modifications. Seed structure and germination.

**BOT 311: PLANT ANATOMY (3 CREDITS) **

Characteristics and classification of tissues and tissues systems. Organization of meristems. Primary structure of plant organs, roots, stem and leaves in monocots.

**BOT 321: PRINCIPLES OF PLANT TAXONOMY (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE REG: BIO 232**

Historical development of plant taxonomy, Botanical nomenclature, construction and use of keys, taxonomic hierarchies, methods in plant taxonomy, taxonomic characters.

** **

** **

** **

** **

**BOT 331: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY I (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE- REQ: BIO 232**

Principal physiological processes in plants, including mineral nutrition, absorption of water, transpiration and stomatal movements, ion uptake and transport, icon antagonism, sap flow, photosynthesis and fool storage translocation and flowering.

**BOT 341: MYCOLOGY (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE REQ: BOT 201**

Definition of terms, classification, structure, life cycle distribution and economic importance of the various taxa of fungi, collection and preparation techniques, fungal diseases/infections.

** **

**BOT 402: ECONOMICS BOTANY (3 CREDITS)**

The botany, cultivation, processing and uses of tropical plants with particular references to Nigerian economic plants producing oils, rubber and wood products, fibres, dyes and leather training materials, sugar and pharmaceutical products.

** **

**BOT 471: PLANT PATHOLOGY (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE REQ: BOT 341**

Principles and concepts of plant disease development, parasitic and non-parasitic diseases, methods of studying nematode diseases of plants. Plant disease control.

**BOT 422: ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (3 CREDITS)**

Engler’s and Hutchinson’s systems of classification of angiosperms compared: survey of major angiosperm families and orders. Primitive and advanced characters.

**BOT 463: POPULATION ECOLOGY (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQ: BOT 261, 361**

Distribution and abundance of plants and animals, species interactions. Theories of population regulation. Applied problems Optimum yield concept, biological controls, population growth demographic techniques. Human population problems and control measures.

**BOT 452: CYTOGENETICS & PLANT BREEDING (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQ BIO 251**

Chromosome structure and number, crossing over, pedgree analysis, mutagensis, population generics- Hardy-Weinberg law. Gene combination, elementary probability and testing genetic ratios. Modern applications of genetics, the objectives and origin of plant breeding. Self-pollinated and cross pollinated crops. Breeding methods: pure line breeding and mass selection. Pedgee method, bulk population breeding, back-cross breeding. Recurrent selection heterosis, chromosome manipulation. Plant propagation techniques macro and micro.

**PARASITOLOGY AND ENTOMOLOGY COURSES**

** **

**PAE 102 – INTRO TO PARASITOLOGY AND ENTOMOLOGY (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQUISITE – BIO 101, 102, PAE 102**

An introduction course on parasites, including their specificity and susceptibility, geographical distribution, prevention and control. Economic importance of parasites with particular reference to utalir health and agriculture. Economic importance of insects. Classification of insects and other arthropnds, external and internal anatomy of insects, general biology of insects. Methods of controlling insects.

**PAE 271 BASIC ENTOMOLOGY (2 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITE – BIO 101, 102, PAE 102**

Introduction to the phylum Arthropoda and its constituent classes, general characteristics of arthropod and their relative importance in the animal kingdom, the classes insect and aracnida and their relationship to human health, agriculture and commerce, general biology of insects – holometabolous and hemimetamorphosis, growth and molting.

** **

** **

**SCIENCE EDUCATION (SED) COURSES**

** **

**SED 101: BASIC CHEMISTRY 1(3 CREDITS)**

The ideas of matter, kinetic theory- of matter and the explanation of the nature of solids, liquids and gases, diffusion, melting and vaporization. The fundamental particles, the atom and its fundamental particles, atomic number, the arrangement of electron in the atom, orbital and their shapes. Shorthand for writing symbols, formulae and equations and the mole concepts, & calculations. The history of the periodic table, the periodic law and trends in the periodic table chemical bonding the types of bonds; shape of simple molecules H_{2, }^{0}_{2, }^{CO}_{2}, ^{NH}_{3, }^{CH}_{4,} properties and structures of solids, ionic lattice network structure. Nuclear Chemistry and radioactivity, P, and X-rays. A study of Nuclear symbols and equations, and half-life as a measure of stability; acids, bases and salts, characteristics, preparations reactions and uses, lonization and conductance of molar solutions of strong and weak electrolytes. The study non- metals – Oxygen, Hydrogen, Sulphur, Chlorine, Nitrogen and their compounds.

Introductory study of carbon and its compounds, allotropy coal natural gases and petroleum. Hydrocarbons determination of empirical and molecular formulae – Alkenes, and Alkynes-homologous series addition and substitution reaction study of soap and determine and practical volumetric analysis.

** **

**SED 102 BASIC CHEMISTRY II (3 CREDITS)**

Gas law and the kinetic theory; Avogadro Constance and the mole concept; Electrolysis and redox reaction, rate of chemical reactions and energy compounds. Application of chemical equilibrium separation techniques. Metal and their materials used in chemical industry. Practical quantitative analysis.

**SED 211 INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS)**

The meaning of science; the scientific method; scientist, sciencing and science. Scientific revolution; Processes of science, Inquiry behaviour in Science and Technology, Limitations of science; History of Science Education in Nigeria, Impact of science on man and society and world politics, Impact of society on science, Justification of science in primary and secondary schools curriculum.

**SED 311: LABORATORY ORGANIZATION & MANAGEMENT (3 CREDITS)**

**Laboratory in Science Teaching**- Importance of Laboratory
- Type of skills acquired through laboratory

iii. Characteristics of good laboratory experience

**Laboratory Organization**

i Physical facilities -laboratory room, storage room, preparatory room, furniture, equipment.

- Laboratory grouping

iii. Teacher demonstration

- Experiments.
**Laboratory Management**

i Sorting out apparatus

- Assembling apparatus

iii. Labeling and storing apparatus.

iv Inventory of apparatus

v Manual filling

vi Laboratory rules

**SED 411: SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS) **

This course is intended to bring to the knowledge and discussion of students topical issues at the given time in science education, and to relate common problems to science teaching. Topics are therefore selected according to relevance and impact.

**SED 412: CURRICULUM DEVPT IN SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS)**

Meaning and scope of curriculum in science, the place of science in the primary and secondary school curriculum, process of curriculum development and implementation in Nigeria with particular reference to the science. The role of science teachers in the development, implementation and innovation of science curriculum.

Examination of roles of STAN, NERC, CESAC, the federal and state government in the innovation of science curricula and the examination of selected project -BPSP, APSP, SERA,NSSP,N1SP. The role of universities in Science curriculum materials examination of some secondary school text books for readability and suitability in the 6-3-3-4 system. Textbook writing for juniors.

**SED433: RESEARCH PROJECT (4 CREDITS)**

Individual work on the selected and approved project supervised by a staff member

**SED 414: SCIENCE AND SOCIETY (3 CREDITS)**

History of Science. Scientific method. The growth of science as shown by science Philosophers like Bacon, Popper and Kuhn. Impact of science on man and society. Justification and limitation of science, Scientific revolution and world politics. Impact of society on science e.g the influence of religion and politics.

** **

**COURSE DESCRIPTION FOR PURE AND INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY OPTION**

** **

**ICH 101: BASIC ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)**

Brief historical background, bonding in organic compounds, the carbon atom,

Hybridization (sp^{3}, sp^{2}, sp)

Classification of organic compounds

Isolation and purification of organic compounds

Elemental or qualitative analysis

Quantitative analysis

Formulae of organic compounds – (empirical, molecular and structural)

Structural and stereoisomerisms

Functional group and homologous series

IUPAC Nomenclature

IUPAC Nomenclature of the following family of organic compounds, alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, halogenoalkanes, alkanols, alkanals, alkanones, alkanoates, acid amides, nitrites, and amines, alkanoic acids, acid chlorides and acid anhydrides.

Preparation, physical and chemical properties of the families listed above

**ICH 111: GENERAL BASIC INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 1 (2 CREDITS)**

Matter: laws of Chemical Combination, stoichiometery of chemical kinetics

Atomic structure and electronic configuration of elements. Electronic theory of valencies

Bonding: ionic, covalent; co-ordinate, metallic, hydrogen bonding and Vander Walls forces. Fundamental components of atoms. Stable and unstable particles. periodic classification of elements. Blocs, rows and groups. General feature chemistry of s-, p-, d and f-blocks isotopes detection, concentration and separation of isotopes.

Natural and artificial radioactivity stability of nucleus. Fission and fussion. Differences between radioactivity and ordinary chemical reactions. Measurement of radioactivity, decay constant and calculation involving radioactivity.

**ICH 102: BASIC PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)**

The gas laws: Boyle’s law, Charles law, the general gas equation. Gay Lussac’s law: Gas constant Dalton’s law of partial pressures, Graham’s law of gaseous diffusion. The kinetic theory of matter. Derivation of the Kinetic equation Derivations from the ideal gas law; Van der Waal’s equation, Liquefaction of gases, the Joule-Thompson effect.

Properties of dilute solutions: Definition of the following concentration terms; molarity, molality, mole fraction, vapour pressure; and lowering of vapour pressure; Raoult’s law; elevation of boiling point.

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry: Definition of the following terms: Systems, state variables, and equilibrium isothermal and adiabatic processes. The first law of thermodynamics, work done for state changes (PV type).

Thermochemistry: Heat changes; heats of reaction, laws of thermochemistry (Lavoisier and Laplace laws and Hess’ law of constant heat summation (Applications of the laws in calculations, Bond energy).

Chemical equilibrium: Chemical Equilibrium and reversible reaction. The law of mass Action; equilibrium constant, factors affecting chemical equilibrium, Equilibrium between ions in the solid and liquid phases; solubility and solubility product. Effect of a common ion on solubility and solubility product.

Chemical Kinetics: Rate of a chemical reaction; factors affecting the rate of a chemical reaction. Activation energy.

Ionic equilibrium: Electrolyetes; Acids and Bases; Bronsted Lowry, Lewis and Arrhenius theories of acids and base,. pH and Dissociation constant, ionization of water Hydrolysis, Buffer solution and Buffer capacity.

** **

**ICH 112: PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)**

Theory and practice of volumetric and qualitative inorganic analysis. Preparation of standard solutions, calculation of molarity and concentrations. Method of dilution of solution and calculation. Redox titration and calculations involved. Test for common anions and identification of SO_{4}^{2}, SO_{3}^{2} NO_{3}, CO_{3}^{2}, Cl, Br, I, NO_{2}. Test for common cation: Fe^{24} Fe^{34}, NH_{4}^{4}, Zn^{24}, Pb_{24}, Al^{34}, alkali and alkaline earth metals. Test for common ions in the first transition series e.g. Mn, Cr. Ni, Cu, etc. Group separation of cations

** **

**ICH 201: GENERAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I (2 CREDITS)**

** **

- Electronic effects in organic molecules: Electron displacement in molecules; Inductive effect; electrometric effect, mesomeric effect and resonance; Inductomeric effect, hyper-conjugation, Mesomerism, Tautomerism.
- Introduction to reaction mechanism: Breaking of covalent bonds, collision theory of reaction rates, molecularity of a reaction; Reaction Kinetics, Order and molecularity.
- Preparation, physical and chemical properties and uses of various classes of organic compounds such as alkanes alkenes, alkynes, halogenoalkenes, alkanols alkanals and aikanoncs, nlkanoic acids.
- Derivatives of alkanoic acids (namely acid chlorides, acid anlydrides, alkanoatcs and acid amides) Nitrites and Amines. A mechanistic approach should be used to explain the chemical reactions treated in each case.

**ICH 202: GENERAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (2 CREDITS)**

Alicyclic hydrocarbons: Preparation. properties and use of cycloalkanes, cycloalkenes, cycloalkndienes Aromatic hydrocarbons Aromaticity, properties of aromatic compounds, chemical properties of benzene. Electrophilic substitution reactions, detailed mechanisms of the following Electrophilic substitution reactions should be studied using benzene as example: Halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, akylation, acylation, addition, hydrogenation, and halogenation. Effect of substitutions on the ractivity and orientation of electrophic substitution of benzene. Orth-, para-, and meta directing groups. Reactions of the side chains of alkylbenzenes: ring substitution reactions, addition reactions, and side chain substitution reactions; oxidation of the side chain.

Polynuclear compounds: Structure, synthesis and reactions of isolated ring systems (diphenyl, diphenylmctbane, diphenylstibene) structure, synthesis and reactions of naphthalene, anthracene and phenanthrcne.

**ICH 211: GENERAL INORGANIC CHEMISTRY I (2 CREDITS)**

Detailed treatment of factors that constitute periodic properties, lonizaiion energy electron affinity, elcctronegativity, chemical bonding: ionic, covalent, metallic bonds Van der Waal’s forces; the hydrogen bond. Stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric defects. Introduction to ‘Molecular orbital and valence bond theories, molecular geometry and hybridization. Ionic Lattice energies, the Madelung constant.

**ICH 212: CHEMISTRY OF REPRESENTATIVE ELEMENTS I (2 CREDITS) **

Electronic structure, general properties and comparative study of hydrogen, groups 1A, I1A, IIIA, IVA elements and their compounds. Vertical, cyclic and diagonal, relationships between groups and within groups. The hydrides, halides, nitrates, carbonates, nitrides, chalconides alloys should be treated. Application of some compounds mentioned and methods of production, commercial production where applicable. Inter-group similarity should be identified for some of the compounds.

**ICH 221: GENERAL PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I (2 CREDITS)**

Kinetic Theory: Behaviour of gases and kinetic theory. Ideal and non-ideal behaviour of gases. Derivation of the kinetic theory equation for the pressure of an ideal gas and deductions there from. Molecular and collision- Collision diameter and number. Mean free path; viscosity of a gas; Boltzmann distribution law. Types of speed; mean velocity, root-mean-square velocity and most probable velocity.

Chemical Thermodynamics: Nature and scope of thermodynamics, important definitions, the first law of thermodynamics, calorimetry, standard molar enthalpies of formation and the determination “I standard molar enthalpy for chemical reactions from tables of these; Heat capacities. The Carnot Cycle.

**ICH 222: CHEMISTRY OF REPRESENTATIVE ELEMENTS II (2 CREDITS) **

Electronic structures general properties, (physical and chemical) and comparative study of groups VA, VIA. VIIA and inert gases. The nature of the elements, allotropy, the hydrides, halides and oxohalides. (lie oxides, extraction of some elements. Application of some compounds and method of production.

The halogens, interhalogen and pseudohalogens. Origin of the reaction of inert: gases, compounds and different reactions, complex formation and structures of the complexes and hybridization.

** **

**ICH 231: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)**

- Meaning and importance of analytical chemistry, Expression of analytical Results, preparation of solutions.
- Theory of errors in quantitative analysis. Theory of Sampling. Detection and elimination of errors.
- Statistical treatment of data including mean, precision, accuracy and standard deviation. Theoretical basis of quantitative inorganic analysis including separation methods including classification,
- Gravimetric analysis. Volumetric methods of analysis including Acid-Base Equilibra, Complexomctric Titratioo and Redox Titration.
- Electro analytical methods of Chemical analysis introduction to electrode processes and electrode potential. Conducto- metric methods of titration. Potentiornetiic Titration.

**ICH 221: GENERAL PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY II (2 CREDITS)**

**Solutions:** Colligative properties of solution – lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point and osmotic pressure. Molecular weight determination by these methods. Idea! solution causes of deviation from ideality: Raoult’s and Henry’s laws.

**Solid state laws:** An elementary introduction. The growth and formation of crystals, the crystal systems. Miller indices. Lattices and crystal structures, symmetry properties – the symmetry elements of crystals.

**Changes of State:** Phases; components; degrees of freedom, general equilibrium between phases. The phase rule systems of one components water. The Clapeyron Clausius equation.

**ICH 241: PRACTICAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)**

Experimental determination of melting points and boiling points. Separation of Organic compounds by distillation, fractional distillation, solvent extraction. Purification of organic compounds by recrystallization. Elemental analysis for N, S and the halogens. Solubility elassificalion and identification of functional groups. Preparation of derivatives and determination of physical constants.

**ICH 242: NON-SPECTRA ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES (2 CREDITS)**

Refractometry, interferometry, electrogravimetric, polarography, amperometry. conductometry, potentiometry separation method such as solvent extraction, Chromatography, column, GLC, TLC; Automatic and semi automatic analyzers, sequence of operation, advantages, continuous analyzers.

**ICH 251: PRACTICAL INORGANIC CHEMISTRY I (2 CREDITS)**

Qualitative analysis of mixtures of radicals including interfering radicals and insoluble salts. Quantitative analysis (volumetric and gravimetric analysis). Determination of solubilities, solubility products and stability constants of inorganic compounds.

**ICH 252: PRACTICAL PHYSICALCHEMISTRY I (2 CREDITS)**

Selected experiments in physical chemistry in the areas of electrochemistry; Reactions kinetics, phase equilibria, calorimetry, and spectrophotometry.

**ICH 262: PRACTICAL INORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (2 CREDITS)**

Analysis of complex materials like alloys, cements, ores.

Preparation and characterization of inorganic compounds. Ion-exchange Chrornatography, Solvent extraction, conductornetric and potentiometric measurements.

** **

**1CH 301: MECHANISMS OF ORGANIC REACTIONS (2 CREDITS)**

Basic concepts, brief review of orbitals, hybridization and bonding. Classification of reagents and reactions. Investigations of reaction mechanism by Kinetic and non-kinetic methods. Energy profiles and reaction rates. Application of above to various classes of reactions outlined below.

Displacement Reactions: Nucleophilic substitution at saturated carbonation: SN_{1} and SN_{2 }mechanisms; effects of structure and solvent; stereochemical manifestations of the different mechanisms. Neighbouring group participation and molecular rearrangement, Electrophilic substitution at saturated carbon atoms. SE_{1} and SE_{2} mechanisms. Electrophilic aromatic substitution: effects of substitutent on reactivity and orientation of further substitution; ionic mechanism for nitration, halogenation and sulphonation. Ortho, para ratios. Nucleophilic aromatic substitution: SN_{1} and SN_{2,} benzene mechanisms, smiles rearrangements etc.

Elimination and Addition Reactions: α and ß elimination: E_{1} and E_{2} mechanisms. Saytzef and Hofmann rules; dehydrohalogenation. Addition to C~O, C-N and C-C multiple bonds.

Esterification and Hydrolysis: Mechanisms of acyl oxygen and alknyl oxygen fissions.

Dehydration and Tautomerism: Types and theories of tautomerism. Estimations of enol content in keto-enol tautomeris.

**ICH ****311: STEREO AND CARBOHYDRATE CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)**

Carbohydrate Chemistry: Definition, sources and origin of carbohydrate, classification into simple sugars Saccharides and polysaccharides. Simple sugars Aldoses and keioses, monosaccharides, disaccharides, trisaccharides, oligasacharides and polysaccharides – starch, glycogen, cellulose, insulin structure, identification and uses.

Chemistry of glucose – reactions, mutarotations, epimerization, anomers. Ascending and decending series; Aldose to kctose and vice versa, glycosides. Conversion of cellulose to textile fibres- viscose rayon, cellulosetrinitrates, cellulose accetates, cupraammoniuni process etc.

Stereochemistry: Definition of stereoisomerism, study of conformational analysis in Acyclic and cyclic compounds, stability of cycloalkanes – small to large rings and the decalins.

Geometrical isomerism (cis/trans isomerism) – Explanation, examples especially in unsaturated disubstituted aliphatic and cyclic compounds — butanedioic acid and derivatives, halogeno-compounds, properties of cis – trans isomers: Determination of configurations in geometrical isomers.

Optical isomerism: Definition and causes due to chirality, enantiomerism (handedness) molecular asymmetry; symmetrical elements and absence of optical isomerism, meso compounds. Examples of optical isomers and properties and diastercomers. Polarimeterand measurement of optical isomerism; specific and observed optical rotation (calculation). Racemic modification and Resolutions; Configuration including R and S configuration.

**ICH 321: POLYFUNCTIONAL AND PROTEIN CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)**

Amino Acids: Classification neutral, basic, acidic. General methods of preparation. Methods of isolation and identification Reactions due to amino and carboxyl group, direcyt, ninhydrin, Xanthoproteric and millons reaction polypeptides — synthesis, properties, and degradation.

Proteins: Simple, conjugated, and derived proteins. Structure — primary, secondary and tertiary. Biosynthesis of proteins and Ainino acids. Hydoxyl acids, and – unsaturated acids and esters ethyl acetoactate, hydroxyl aldehydes, hydroxyl ketones, molenates, dialdehydes and dikctones.

**ICH 331: HETEROC YCLIC CHEMISTRY (2CREDITS)**

Heterocyclic compounds with one hetero-atom: synthesis, structure properties and reactions of the five membered ring systems- furan, thiophene psrrole six-membered rung system pyridine and their derivatives. Heterocyclic compounds with more than hetero atom – pyrazole, imidazole, oxazole. pyridazine, pyrimidine pyrazine, thiazine, oxazine and their benzo derivatives. Synthesis reactions and uses (References to be made to natural products, vitamins and drugs)

**ICH 341: CHEMISTRY OF TRANSITION ELEMENTS AND NON-AQUEOUS SOLVENTS (2 CREDITS)**

Classification and general characteristics of solvents; solute – solvent interactions. Acid base theory and non-aqueous solvent system.

- General characteristics of transition elements including electronic configuration, oxidation states, magnetic properties colour and complex formation. Complex formation with liquids emphasizing co-ordination numbers, hybridization and shapes of complexes.
- Resemblances among the transition elements discussed in families of transition Elements e.g. scandium, Titanium Families. Ferrous metals and platinum metals.
- Classification and general characteristics of solvents, solute solvent interactions. Acid –base theory and self-ionization of solvents; protic and aprotic solvent; inorganic synthesis in non-aqueous media.

**ICH 351: CHEMICAL KINETICS AND THERMODYNAMICS (2 CREDITS)**

Nature and Scope of Kinetics: Meaning and definition of rate of reaction. Factors influencing rates of reactions; rate law; concept of order of a reaction. Examples of reactions with simple orders; Pseudo – order reactions, elementary processes, molecularity, and stoichiometry. Integrated rate equations for first and second order reactions.

Experimental Methods in Kinetics: Determination of reaction order and rate coefficients. Kinetics and reaction mechanism. The steady state approximation.

Effect of Temperature on reaction rate: The Arrhenius equation. Introduction to collision, theory for bimolecular reactions.

Thermochemistry: The second law of thermodynamics, entropy and equilibrium; the third law; the Gibbs function, G = H – TS: Helmholtz function, A= E – TS; standard free energies. Relationship between free energy and equilibrium.

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**ICH 361: INTRODUCTION TO POLYMER SCIENCE (2 CREDITS)**

Historical development of polymer science, classification of polymers, definition of terms used in polymer science, names and structure of polymers.

Polymerization reactions, addition polymerization, co-ordination catalysis, steteoregulation. Ziegler- Natta system, Co- Polymerization, mechanism and kinetics, polymeri/ntion methods. Bulk solution, suspension etc. advantages and disadvantages, condensation or growth polymerization. Polymer characterization, molecular mass spectra (nmr) rehology, degradation and stabilization.

**ICH 371: RESOURCES OF INDUSTRY (2 CREDITS)**

Origin, occurrence, localization of metallic and non-metallic raw materials. Derivation and processing of non- metallic raw materials to industrial feed stock for the industry. Derivation and processing of starting raw materials (alkenes. aromatics and acetyiene) to feedstock for the organic chemical industry. Energy Resources- different sources of energy. Inter- conversion of energy from one form to another.

**ICH 381: UNIT OPERATIONS (2 CREDITS)**

Fluid flow and Transportation in pipes. Heat transfer Filtration. Mass transfer operations: humidification, gas absorption and distillation; solvent extraction drying ion exchange and leaching. Application of mass, energy and momentum balances and constitutive equation to establish operating parameters and conditions in above listed unit operations.

**ICH 391: PRACTICAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)**

Advanced separation and purification techniques. Adsorption chromatography, paper chromatography, ion-exchange chromatography and thin layer chromatography; preparation and characterization of organic compounds. Reaction and identification of organic compounds.

**ICH 401: NATURAL PRODUCT CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)**

A description of the Biogenetic chart of the Natural products; chemistry structure, uses of the following classes of Natural product- Terpenes -monoternenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, sesterpenes, triterpenes and other polyterpenes . Carotenoids, Fats and oils (lipids)- Saponifiable and non- saponifiable lipids are defined, neutral lipids (fats/oils i.e triglyerides) and polar lipids i.sephospho and glycolipids: classification of oils- drying, semi-drying and non-drying, chemical analysis of lipid and acid value, saponiflcation value, iodine number, peroxide value titre value slip point, unsaponifiable matter. Uses of lipids, extraction and identification.

Alkaloids- definition and classification based on family of plants, or chemical moiety heterocyclic ring, extraction ad identification by reagents such as Meyer’s Marque Draggendorf and Wagner. Representative alkaloids are discussed such as qunine, conine, hygrine ergot alkaloids, cauwolfia (reserpine) (cocaine, hyosamine etc ) alkaloid functional group reaction in these alkaloids discussed.

Steroids- definition and chemistry of representative members are discussed- chlosterol male and female sex hormones, adrenocortical hormones, bile acids. Nucleic acids and macromolecules involved in biogenesis of natural products – Acetyl Coenzymes ATP.

Flavonoids – classification, identification and uses of the different classes.

Tannins – Hydrolysable and non-Hydrolysable (condensed tannins) uses. Biogenesis of Natural products- fatty acids, terpenes, steroids, carbohydrates etc.

**ICH 402: ORGANIC SYNTHESIS (2 CREDITS)**

Treatment of the following methods of importance in organic synthesis (mechanisms should be included): Reduction, oxidation halogenations akylation acylation, Adol condensation. Treatment of the following reactions of historical importance in the development of organic synthesis. Michael reaction, Perkin reaction, Claisen Schimdt condensation, Mannih reaction, Knoevenagel reaction.

**ICH 411: CO-ORDINATION CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS) **

Introduction to co-ordination chemistry. Definition, recognition, and nomenclature of co-ordination compounds.

Stereochemistry and application of complex compounds

Stabilization of unusual oxidation states by complex formation. Kinetics and mechanism of complex formation. The spectrochemical and nephelauxetic series. Jahn Teller distortions. Crystal field theory, ligand field and ligand field stabilization energy.

**ICH 412: ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)**

Introduction to organometallic chemistry- classification, preparation, structure and reaction of organometallic compounds of the transition elements; alkenyls, alkynes, bcnenoids, and cyclopentadienyl metal complexes. The chemistry of ferrocene and related compounds. The role of organometallic compounds in some catalytic reactions.

**ICH 421: BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE (3 CREDITS)**

The nature of the chemical bond: homonuclear bond exemplified by H_{2+}, H_{2 } etc. Other diatomic molecules. Heteronuclear bond; polarity of bond; terms that affect polarity such as electronegativity, hybridisation etc; modern quantum chemistry and bonding characteristics in chemical substances. Comparison with results obtained from valence bond and molecular orbital approximation. Experimental methods for the determination of molecular structure, based on polarization phenomena- dipole moment and molecular refraction. Magnetic properties of molecular substance, and methods based on these properties: Gouy balance, mass spectroineliy and fragmentation.

**ICH 422: QUANTUM AND STATISTICAL MECHANICS (2 CREDITS)**

Quantum Mechanics: Many electron atom; angular momentum and spin; various approximation methods. Hybridization. Quantum mechanics of molecules: the hydrogen molecule, ion, etc. Molecular orbital and valance bond theories. The theory of resonance. Molecular symmetry and elements of group theory.

Statistical Mechanics: The nature of the problem. Microstates and randomness. Boltzmann statistics. The partition function. The relationship between the partition function and the various thermodynamic qualities, E, H, G, S etc. Some applications of statistical thermodynamics. The heat capacity of gases, liquids and solids. Calculation of equilibrium constants. Introduction to Fermi Dirae and Bose-Einstein statistics.

**ICH 431: CHEMICAL KINETICS AND CATALYSIS (2CREDITS)**

Chemical Kinetics: Theories of reaction rates. The collision theory and the Ihcorv of absolute reaction rates, reaction co-ordinates and transition state; molecularity, unimolecular and bimolecular reactions; Eyring equation, chain reactions. Techniques available for studying surfaces: catalyst surface and structure; physical adsorption. chemisorptions. adsorption isotherms: Freundlich. Langmuir; relationship between catalyst properties and activity surfaces; mechanisms of catalyst action, catalyst carriers, promoters, few industrial catalysts and associated catalytic processes-hydrogenation, oxidation, cracking etc

**ICH 432: MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY (2CREDITS)**

The electromagnetic spectrum; nature of interaction with molecules. Transition probabilities. The Einstein coefficients, Frequency .shapes and intensity of absorption bands. Theory of rotational, vibrational; vibration- rotation. Infrared and Raman and electronic spectra. Theories of magnetic resonance as related to NMR and ESR.

**ICH 441: ELECTRO CHEMISTRY (2CREDITS)**

Faraday’s Laws; theory of electrolytes. Conductivity measurement; specific conductance, equivalent and ionic conductivities, Kohlrausch law; Arrhenius theory; transport numbers and mobilities. Simple cells, measurement of chemical potential. Debye-Huckel equation, Debye-Onsager equation; derivation of these equations. Polarography.

**ICH 442: PHYSICAL AND CHEM ISTRY OF SURFACES (2CREDITS)**

Thermodynamics, structural and kinetic factors underlying surface and interfacial phenomena, molecular aspects of phase boundaries, iritermolecular forces, surface tension, capillarity and related phenomena, surface activities spreading, wetting, adhesion and related processes; electrical phenomena at interfaces, survey of importance of surface phenomena in processes such as flotation, detergency, corrosion and catalysis.

**ICH 451: ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND QUANTUM CHEMISTRY (2CREDITS)**

Atomic spectra, types and production, spectrum of Hydrogen atom. Bohr spectra of the alkali and alkaline earth elements, x-ray spectra.

Brief history of the development of quantum theory. Basic postulates of the quantum mechanics, the Schrodingerr wave equation. Significance and properties of wave functions. The quantum mechanics of simple systems; the free particle, particle in a box. linear^{ }harmonic oscillator, rigid rotator, the hydrogen atom.

**ICH 452: NUCLEAR AND RADIO CHEMISTRY (2CREDITS) **

Nuclear models. energetics of nuclear reactions, Decay processes. Natural radioactivity series. Nature of radioactive indiation. Principles and measurement of radioactivity. Applications of radioactivity/Radiochemical methods, hazards and precautions.

**ICH 461: SPECTRAL ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES (3CREDITS)**

Colorimetry, Flame photometry, Spectrophotometry (Visible, UV, IR, NMR) Flluorimetry, mass spectrometry. X-ray methods and their applications to the analysis of substance. The applications of UV, IR. NMR and mass spectra in the elucidation of structures of organic compounds.

**ICH 462: CHEMICAL INDUSTRY AND THE ENVIRONMENT (2CREDITS)**

The environment, pollution, nature of environmental disturbance; complexity of the ecological system; air pollution, systems present in unpolluted, air, polluted air. relative toxicities of the pollutant; control of atmospheric pollutants such as CO, SO_{2} NO_{X}, hydrocarbons and photochemical oxidants, particulate matter pollution of soil; systems present in non-polluted soil; structure of the soil; minimizing environmental change; acid lain problem, industrial pollutants; methods of treatment — examples from specific industries. Case studies; eg disposal of toxic materials at sea, ultimate disposal of industrial wastes to land, fire as a pollutant.

**ICH 471: CHEMISTRY OF HEAVY INORGANIC CHEMICALS (2CREDITS)**

Development of a Process. Pilot plant, Continuous and Batch processes.

Application of physical and inorganic chemistry and economics in large-scale production of heavy inorganic chemicals.

Nitrogen industry: ammonium sulphate, ammonium nitrate, nitric acid, area. Sulphur industry, sulphur sulphuric acid. Chlor-Alkali industry: Sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide chlorine, hydrogen, soda ash phosphorus industry: Phosphorus phosphoric acid; superphosphate fertilizers and industrial phosphates.

**SCIENCE EDUCATION (SED) COURSES**

**SED 211: INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS)**

The meaning of science; the scientific method; scientist, sciencing and science. Scientific revolution; Processes of science, Inquiry behaviour in Science and Technology, Limitations of science; History of Science Education in Nigeria, Impact of science on man and society and world politics, Impact of society on science, Justification of science in primary and secondary schools curriculum.

**SED 311: LABORATORY ORGANIZATION & MANAGEMENT (3 CREDITS)**

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**Laboratory in science teaching**- Importance of Laboratory
- Type of skills acquired through laboratory

iii. Characteristics of good laboratory experience

**Laboratory Organization**- Physical facilities -laboratory room, storage

room, preparatory room, furniture, equipment.

- Laboratory grouping

iii. Teacher demonstration

- Experiments.

**Laboratory Management**- Sorting out apparatus
- Assembling apparatus

iii. Labeling and storing apparatus.

- Inventory of apparatus
- Manual filling
- Laboratory rules

**SED 446: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (3 CREDITS)**

Petroleum and petroleum products, and made textile fibres soap and synthetic detergents, industrial gases fertilizer, insecticide and pharmaceutical industries relating the above to Nigeria.

**SED 414: SCIENCE AND SOCIETY (3 CREDITS)**

History of Science. Scientific method. The growth of science as shown by science Philosophers like Bacon, Popper and Kuhn. Impact of science on man and society. Justification and limitation of science, Scientific revolution and world politics. Impact of society on science e.g the influence of religion and politics.

**COURSE DESCRIPTION FOR COMPUTER SCIENCE OPTION**

** **

**CSC 100: COMPUTER APPRECIATION (3 CREDITS)**

History of computer, the functional components of a digital computer; characteristics of computer. The sue of computer in several spheres of life: business, commerce, planning (quantitative and qualitative), jurisprudence, education, Medicare, Data Communication and Networks, Economy, politics/governance, etc, Computer Operations: Introduction to DOS and WINDOWS environments; Treatment of some specific and common application packages for data processing, such as word processor, spreadsheet, desktop publishing packages etc.

**CSC 101: INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER PROGRAMMING I (2 CREDITS)**

History of computers; functional components of computer, characteristics of computer Number systems. Boolean Algebra, Flowchart; Algorithms; Statement symbolic names, lists and arrays; subscripts, expression and control statements in computer programming in BASIC. Computer application. Strategy for computer programming Rules that guide the writing of BASIC programs/statements. Library functions. User defined functions. Subprograms & subprograms & Subroutine in BASIC.

**CSC 102: INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER PROGRAMMING II (2CREDITS)**

**Pre-requisite CSC 101**

Introduction to problem solving methods and algorithm development; designing, coding bugging and documenting programs (i.e. flow charts control statements, INPUT/OUTPUT statements, DO statements. Array, Subscripts, Dimension statements (the technique of FORTRAN).

**CSC 113: COMPUTER PRACTICE (2CREDITS)**

**Pre-requisite CSC 101**

Interactions of the user with the operating systems: MS-DOS, MS-WINDOWS operating systems. Classifications of computers: types of digital computers, brands and models of digital computers. Generations and history of computers. Application areas of computers. Booting procedures and type of booting in a microcomputer environment. Computer viruses: causes, modes of transmission, preventive measures and recommended treatments. Exposure to hardware components: the Electronic circuit board, Integrated circuits, diodes, transistors, processors, scales of integrated circuits: SSI, MSI, LSI, VLSI, Application packages: Study of at least one application package from each of the following areas, word processing, electronic spreadsheets, desktop publishing etc.

**CSC 201 – COMPUTER PROGRAMMING I (4CREDITS)**

**Pre-requisite CSC 101 and CSC 102, CSC 113**

Introduction to problem solving methods and algorithm development; designing, coding, debugging and documenting programmes using techniques of good programming style. A wisely used programming language should be used in teaching this course, e.g structured form of PASCAL. (This course is a required ancillary for many faculties). In exceptional cases, where explicitly specific by NUC, specific versions of the course could be offered)

** **

**CSC 202 COPUTER PROGRAMMING II (3 CREDITS)**

**Prerequisite CSC 101, CSC 102 and CSC 201, CSC 113**

Principles of good programming, structured and unstructured programming concepts – the three classical techniques used in the implementation of structured programming. Debugging testing, techniques String processing, Internal searching and sorting. Data structures; recursion. Use C language or PASCAL or any other widely used high-level programming language.

**CSC 203 COMPUTER TECHNIQUE (3CREDITS)**

**Pre-requisite CSC 113**

Algorithms, flowcharts and computer programmes system flowchart symbols and their meaning/function. Pseudo code. Using system flowchart to match situations. Decision tables. Structured TOP -DON development methodology. TOP-DOWN design and MODULAR programming. The three classical techniques used in the implementation of structure programming – SEQUENCE, SELECTION and ITERATION. Worked examples of each is required. Sorting and the various sorting techniques. Marix solution to numerical problems. Debugging and testing procedures, Data structures; stacks and queues.

**CSC 211: INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND PROGRAMMING (2CREDITS)**

**Pre-requisite CSC 101, CSC 102, CSC 113**

Computer structure, Machine language, Assembly language, Addressing technique, macros. Input/Output files. Assembler segmentation and linkage. Assembler construction, interpretation routines. Modular programming techniques. Any widely use programming language that has structured control structures – IF-THEN, IF-THEN-ELSE, IF-THEN-ELSE C, DO-WHILE, DO-UNTIL, and WHILE-LOOP structures.

**CSC 212: MACHINE LEVEL PROGRAMMING (2CREDITS)**

**Pre-requisite CSC 101, CSC 102, CSC 113**

Introduction to Machine – level programming. Organization of memory; Central processor and Input/Output devices. Instruction and data types and their representation. Structure and modularity of programmes and data at the machine level. Introduction to system software.

**CSC 213: INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER ELECTRONICS (3 CREDITS) **

**Pre-requisite CSC 101, CSC 102, CSC 113**

Understand the^{1} features of different transistor logic gates (ie identify the symbols for different transistor logic gates such as AND, OR, NOT etc). Explain the actions and truth tables of different transistor logic gates. Understand the features and attributes of different logic families (i.e. explain the characteristics of different logic families such as RTL, TTL, and MOS, heat dissipation, propagation delay, etc me some of the characteristics to be discussed). Explain some arrangements of integrated circuit, such as Dual-in-line, straight line, etc. Describe attributes of logic families such as handling and voltage tolerance. Understand the principles of operation and use of basic electronic measuring instruments ( i.e. troubleshooting diagnose fault using multi-meters and oscilloscopes. Measure current, voltage, resistance, capacitance, etc using multi-meters). Construct basic circuits using logic gates. Explain pin connections and manufacturers data sheets.

**CSC 221: INTRODUCTION TO FILE PROCESSING (2CREDITS)**

**Pre-requisite CSC 211, CSC 212**

Introduction to data management files. Data types of files. Records, fields,. Types of computer files; Logical and physical files. File, access methods; sequential access and random access. Use of a widely used programming language like QBASIC and PASCAL is encouraged. Mapping logical organization onto physical storage. Backup procedures. File recovery.

**CSC 251: SOFTWARE ENGINEERING (2CREDITS)**

**Pre-requisite CSC 101 and CSC 102**

This course presents a formal approach to the state-of-the art technique in software design and development to provide a means for students to apply the techniques. Topics covered include:

**Programme Design**

Formal models of structured programming, demonstration of code reading and proof of correctness, stepwise refinement and re-organizations segmentation, top-down and bottom design and development, information hiding, interactive enhancement, structured design strength and coupling measures, program quality.

**Data Structures**

Techniques for storing structured data list, files, tables, etc. Their space and access time properties, algorithm for manipulating linked lists, binary, b-trees, b*trees, and .AVIAL trees. Algorithm tor transferring and balancing rees.

**CSC 303; COMPUTER APPLICATIONS (2CREDITS)**

**Pre-requisite CSC 100**

This course is for non-computer majors in the management science and social sciences. The functional units of a digital computer. A fair knowledge of any widely used high level programming language, preferably QBASIC. Criteria for using computers- volume of work, accuracy complexity of work, repetitiveness, speed, common data. Computer application areas -routine administrative or clerical and management.

**CSC 311: DIGITAL DESIGN AND MICROPROCESSORS I (2CREDITS)**

**Pre-requisite CSC 101, CSC 211, CSC 212, CSC 231.**

Boolean algebra, gates and gating devices combinatorial logic, sequential logic, microprocessor. Functional description: microprocessor architecture, systems operation and interfacing, types of instructions and instruction formats. (A specific microcomputer based design may be used to teach this course).

**CSC 315: DIGITAL DESIGN AND MICROPROCESSORS II (2CREDITS)**

**Pro-requisite CSC 311, CSC 213**

Practical design and operation of the laboratory equipment. Digital signal generation and transmission. Number systems and code. Binary coded decimal, Excess – 3 code, Gray codes: Error detection and correction, parity method for error detection, logic gates, circuit symbols logical manipulations – Boolean algebra. Karnaught maps -use of Karnaugh! map ( k- map) to simplify logic circuits. Logical implementation using Relays and gates. Using Quine – Mc-Cluskey to simplify logic circuit. Flip flops or latches. Registers and counters. Arithmetic circuit-parallel and serial binary adders – Half adders and full adders. Binary subtracters – Half subtracters and full subtracters. Timing circuits- the schmit trigger circuit – comparators multiplexers and demultiplexers. Analysis and synthesis of simple synchronous control mechanisms. Data and address bases. Addressing and accessing methods. Memory segmentation, practical methods of timing pulse generation. Commonly used codes e.g. ASCII, BCD, HXCESS-3, etc. parity generation and detection code generators.

**CSC 317: OPERATING SYSTEM I (2 CREDITS)**

**Pre-requisite CSC 211, CSC 212**

The organization and the structure of the major hardware components of the digital computer. The mechanics of information transfer and control within a digital computer system. The analysis and synthesis of simple synchronous control mechanisms, data and address buses. Addressing and accessing methods memory segmentation. Practical methods of timing pulse generation. Functions and communication between large scale components of a computer system. Hardware implementation and sequencing of instruction fetch, address construction and instruction execution. Data flow and control block diagram of a simple processor.

**CSC 321: OPERATING SYSTEM II (2 CREDITS)**

Introduction to processes, processor management, memory management. Multiprogramming concepts and requirements. Multiprocessing systems. Other related issues based on semaphore and monitor concepts.

**CSC 322: OPERATING SYSTEM III (2 CREDITS)**

Issues in analyzing and designing operating systems; memory management, memory protection and resource allocation.

Under routine applications the following areas are relevant-payroll, order processing, office automation, word processing, linea programming, simulation and modeling. Under management, the following areas are relevant: stock control, production control, labour control, network analysis. Application of computer in modern business management such as internet, E-commerce, E-mail, E-business etc.

**CSC 323: AUTOMATA THEORY, COMPUTABILITY AND FORMAL LANGUAGES (2CREDITS)**

Formal grammars and automata, Regular languages, context free languages; Deterministic parsing of content *– *free language. Recursive languages.

**CSC 331: DATA STRUCTURES AND ALGORITHMS (2CREDITS)**

Bits. Bytes, words, linear structures and list structures; Arrays, tree structures, sets and relations, higher – level language data types and data-handling facilities.

**CSC 332: SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN (2CREDITS)**

Introduction to system design; Analysis tool. Determining system alternatives; Physical design of computer sub-systems; Physical design of manual sub-system, special design of features.

**CSC 333: DATA BASED DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT (2CREDITS)**

Database management system. Review of basic concepts; functions and components for DBMS. File design and access path: feature directions in DBMS; programming and applications in D-base environment. A specific Database should be used; D-base V or higher, Oracle, etc.

**CSC 341: NUMERICAL METHOD (2CREDITS)**

Floating-point arithmetic, use of mathematical subroutine package; Interpolation; approximation; Numerical Integration and differentiation, solution of non-linear equations, solution of ordinary differential equations.

**CSC 342: OPERATION RESEARCH (2CREDITS)**

The nature of operation Research, allocation; inventory problems; replacement maintenance and reliability problems. Dynamic programming: sequencing and co-ordination.

**CSC 344: HARDWARE MAINTENANCE (2CREDITS)**

**Pre-requisite CSC 213, CSC 311**

Explanation of the basic electric current theory (e.g. describe voltage and current sources; stating Kirchoff’s law as well as explaining the ‘uses of transistors, capacitors and resistors); identification of maintenance tools such as electronic multimeter, oscilloscopes, tester etc and application of the tools for maintenance purpose; knowing some of the preventive maintenance procedures of hardware components (e.g. describing the properties of drive heads, carrying out routine cleaning of drive heads, applying dust prevention procedures and explanation of the use maintenance log books).

**CSC 423: COMPUTER GRAH1CS (2CREDITS)**

Hardware aspect; plotters microfilm, plotters displays, graphic-tablets, light pens, other graphical input aids. Facsimile and its problems. Refresh display, refresh buggers, changing images light pen inter-action. Two and three dimensional transformation perspective. Clipping algorithms, hidden live removal, bolden surface removal; warrock’s method, shading, data reduction for graphical input. Introduction to hand writing and character recognition. Curve synthesis and fitting. Contouring ring structures versus doubly linked lists. Hierarchical structure; Data structure; organization for inter-active graphics.

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**CSC 424: COMPUTER SYSTEMS PERFORMANCE EVALUATION (2CREDITS)**

Measurement techniques; simulation techniques; analytic techniques; work -load characterization; performance evaluation in design problems; evaluation of programme performance.

**CSC 431: ALGORITHMS (2CREDITS)**

Principles of good programming style, expression, and documentation, structured programming concepts; debugging, testing, verifying, code inspection, semantic analysis, string processing, data structure. Recursion; efficiency of algorithm.

**CSC 432: STRUCTURED PROGRAMMING (2CREDITS)**

Principles of good programming style, expression, structured programming concepts; control flow, invariant relation of a loop; stepwise refinement of both statement and data; programme modulatmalion (bottom up approach, top-down approach nested virtual machine approach); languages for structured programming, debugging, testing, verifying, code inspection; semantic analysis. Test construction. Proggramme verification test generation and running.

**SCIENCE EDUCATION (SED) COURSES**

**SED 211: INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS)**

The meaning of science; the scientific method; scientist, sciencing and science. Scientific revolution; Processes of science, Inquiry behaviour in Science and Technology, Limitations of science; History of Science Education in Nigeria, Impact of science on man and society and world politics, Impact of society on science, Justification of science in primary and secondary schools curriculum.

**SED 311: LABORATORY ORGANIZATION & MANAGEMENT (3 CREDITS)**

** **

**Laboratory in science teaching**- Importance of Laboratory
- Type of skills acquired through laboratory

iii Characteristics of good laboratory experience

**Laboratory Organization**- Physical facilities -laboratory room, storage room,

preparatory room, furniture, equipment.

- Laboratory grouping

iii. Teacher demonstration

iv Experiments.

**Laboratory Management**- Sorting out apparatus
- Assembling apparatus

iii. Labeling and storing apparatus.

- Inventory of apparatus
- Manual filling
- Laboratory rules

**SED 411: SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS)**

This course is intended to bring to the knowledge and discussion of students topical issues at the given time in science education, and to relate common problems to science teaching. Topics are therefore selected according to relevance and impact.

**SED 412: CURRICULUM DEVPT IN SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS)**

Meaning and scope of curriculum in science, the place of science in the primary and secondary school curriculum, process of curriculum development and implementation in Nigeria with particular reference to the science. The role of science teachers in the development, implementation and innovation of science curriculum.

Examination of roles of STAN, NERC, CESAC, the federal and state government in the innovation of science curricula and the examination of selected project -BPSP, APSP, SERA,NSSP,N1SP. The role of universities in Science curriculum materials examination of some secondary school text books for readability and suitability in the 6-3-3-4 system. Textbook writing for juniors.

**SED433: RESEARCH PROJECT (4 CREDITS)**

Individual work on the selected and approved project supervised by a staff member

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** **

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**SED 414: SCIENCE AND SOCIETY (3 CREDITS)**

History of Science. Scientific method. The growth of science as shown by science Philosophers like Bacon, Popper and Kuhn. Impact of science on man and society. Justification and limitation of science, Scientific revolution and world politics. Impact of society on science e.g the influence of religion and politics.

** **

**COURSE DESCRIPTION FOR MATHEMATICS OPTION**

**MAT. 100: BASIC MATHEMATICS (FOR NON-SCIENCE) 2 CREDITS**

Number system -natural, integer, rational and real numbers. Set theory permutation and combinations. Elementary probability including mathematical expectations, Bay’s theorem for conditional probability and total probability, includes, logarithms and surds. The Binominal theorem for positive integers, Progressions- arithmetic, geometric and harmonic of a string of numbers and the n-means-arithmetic, geometric and harmonic between two numbers series as infinite sums of progression. Elementary functions.

**MAT. 101: ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS 1 (3 CREDITS)**

Number systems- natural, integer, rational, Irrational, real complex numbers. Elementary set theory. Indices, surds and logarithms. Quadratic equations. Polynomials and the factorization:- the remainder and factor theorems. Rational functions and partial fractions. The PMI (Principle of Mathematical Induction) Permutation and Combination. The Binomial theorem for rational index. Progression arithmetic geometric, harmonic, arithmetic-geometric. Solution of inequalities. The algebra of complex numbers subtraction, multiplication and divisions; Argand diagrams and the geometry of complex numbers; Modulus; arguments and polar coordinates’ the de Moivre’s theorem. Complex nth roots of unity and complex solutions Z^{n }= a. Trigonometry -circular measures, addition, formulae and other trigonometric identities, sine and cosine laws; solutions of triangles, heights and distances.

**MAT 102: ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS II (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ. MAT 101**

Functions: Concept and definitions, examples-polynomial, exponential logarithmic and trigonometric functions, Graphs and their properties. Plane analytic geometry:-equation of a straight line, circle, parabola,

ellipse and hyperbola. Tangents and Normals Differentiation from first principles of some polynomial and trigonometric functions. Techniques of differentiation- sum, product, quotient and chain rule including implicit differentiation. Differentiation of simple algebraic, trigonometric, exponential logarithmic and composite functions. Higher order derivatives. Applications to extremum and simple rate problems. LHospital’s rule, simple Taylor/Mclaurin and expansion. Curve sketching. Applications areas and volumes.

**MAT 111: INTRODUCTION TO ACTURIAL MATHEMATICS 1 (3 CREDITS)**

** PRE, REQ. MAT 101**

Mathematical theory and practical problems as regards simple and compound interests, annuities, debt extinction by (i) amortization and sinking funds, depreciation, investment in bonds, capitalization, endowment funds, perpetuities, share and stocks. Introduction to life insurance mathematics (calculus of life contingency)

**MAT 161: ELEMENTARY MECHANICS 1 (STATICS) (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ. MAT 101**

Geometric representation of vectors 1-3 dimensions. Components, direction cosines Addition, scalar multiplication of vectors. Line vectors and division of line in a given ration. Area vectors, volume of a parallelogram, polygon and triangle of forces. Lami’s theorem Resultants of a system of forces acting at point. Laws of fraction. Equilibrium of forces. Particles on rough horizontal and inclined planes. Tension in a straight. Forces in a plane acting on a rigid body. Like and unlike forces and their resultants. Moments including Varignon’s theorem, couples. Work done by force, mechanical including (MA), Velocity ration (VR), efficiency (E) and systems of pulleys. Centre of gravity.

**MAT 162: ELEMENTARY MECHANICS II (DYNAMICS) (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ. MAT161**

Differentiation and integration of vectors with respect to scalar variable. Components of a velocity and acceleration of a particle in a plane. Force, momentum, laws of motion, motion under gravity, projectile, resisted vertical motion. Elastic string, simple pendulum, impulse. Impact of two smooth spheres and of a sphere on a smooth sphere. Relative velocity. General motion of particular in two dimension motion in horizontal and vertical circles; simple harmonic motion, motion of a particle attached to a light inelastic or spring motion of rigid body about axis ; moments of inertia calculations.

**MAT. 200: VASIC MATHEMATICS FOR NON- SCIENCE II (3CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ. MAT 100**

Vectors -column, row, addition, cross and dot productions. Matrices and determinants systems of linear equations introduction to linear programming- graphical method and elementary simplex method. Limits and continuity. Differentiation and integration with applications to Economics; marginal costs and revenue, etc.

**MAT 201: LINEAR ALGEBRA 1 (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ. MAT 101**

Vectors and vector algebra. Vector. Vector space over the field. Linear dependence and independence; basis and dimension. The dot and cross products in 3-dimensions. Equations of lines and plane in free space. Linear transformation and their representation by matrices. Matrix algebra. Operation on matrices:- rank, range, null space, nullity. Determinants and inverses of matrices. Singular and non-singular transformations.

**MAT 202: ELEMENTARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ.MAT 102**

Methods of integrations, introductions to differential equations classification, order, degree. Ordinary differential equation from the first order. Examples to illustrate the sources of differential equation from the physical and biological sciences- growth decay, cooling problems and the law of mass action. Linear differential equation of second order. Application of the first and second order linear differential equation s to falling problems and simple circuits. Laplace transformation.

**MAT. 203: LINEAR ALGEBRA 11 (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ. MAT 201**

System of linear equations, change of basis, equivalence and similarity. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors. Minimal and characteristics polynomials of a linear transformation (matrix). Cayley-Hamilton theorem. Bilinear and quadratic forms. Orthogonal diagonalization. Canonical forms.

**MAT. 211: INTRODUCTION OF ACTURIAL MATHEMATICS 11 (3 CREDITS)**

** PRE: REQ. MAT 111**

Application of mathematical methods in Economics. Supply and demand curves. Elasticities. Relation between average and marginal cost. Relationship between average and marginal revenue. Budgeting.

**MAT 221: NUMERICAL METHODS (3CREDITS) **

Error analysis. Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations-Newton’s Newton Raphson, regiula falsi, chords or scant, tangents, bisection and basic iteration methods Curve-fitting. Interpolation and approximating and integration. (Zeros of non- linear equations of one variable).Systems. Numerical differentiation and integration (quadrature).Trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules for quadrature. Romberg integration.

**MAT 231: CALCULUS (3CREDITS)**

**PRE.REQ. MAT 102**

Vector function and their derivatives. Partial derivatives. Directional derivative. Tangent plane and normal line. Gradient, curl and divergence. The chain rule. Maxima and minima problems. Optimization and Lagrange multiplier method. Rolle’s and mean-value theorems. Taylor’s theorem. Multiple integrals. Applications to areas, volumes, centre of mass. Moments of inertia. etc.

**MAT. 241: NUMBER HISTORY (3 CREDITS)**

Basic set theory. Symbolic Icyic. Methods of mathematical. Relations-partial ordering equivalence, upper and lower bounds, maximal, minimal, maximum, and minimum clement of set of real numbers. Elementary treatment of the well ordering principle, Zorn’s Lemma and axiom of choice. Prime numbers – infinitude of, drivability and modulo system. GCDs and LCMs. Euclid’s division algorithm. The fundamental theorem of Arithmetic or Unique Factorization theorem. Congruence’s and the residue classes Euler’s totient and the Chinese remainder theorem. Continued factions and the solvability if linear congruences. Transversal and the solvability of polynomial congruences (elementary treatment only).

**MAT. 251: INTRODUCTION TO REAL ANALYSIS (3CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ. MAT 102**

Limit (more rigorous treatise using S-d)-sums, products and quotients of limits. Bounds for real numbers. Sequences of real numbers-definition, types (monotone, etc), bounds covnryonoy, Cauchy sequences. Theorem of nested intervals. Series of real numbers definition, tests for convergence of series of non-rearrangement. Continuity and uniform continuity (1-5 approach). Monotone functions. Differentiability. Rolle’s and mean-value theorems for differentiable functions. Taylor and Mclaurin series

**MAT 252: COMPLEX VARIABLES (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE REQ. MAT 251**

Polar representation of complex numbers including a review of algebra of complex numbers. Geometric and analytical interpretation of regions in a complex plane-discs, domains, annuli, spheres, circles, parabolas, ellipses, etc. limits of sequences of complex numbers. Definition and examples of complex valued functions of a complex variable. Cauhy-Riemann equations. Analytic functions and Taylor series. Contour integrals including Cauchy’s and Cauchy-Goursat integral theorems (elementary treatise only)

**MAT 261: MECHANICS (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE. REQ. MAT 162**

Kinematics and rectilinear motion of a particle. Free motion of a rigid body in two dimensions and stability of equilibrium. General motion of a rigid body as a translation plus a rotation. Moments and products of inertia in three dimensions. Parallel °and perpendicular axes theorems. Principal axes, momentum, kinetic energy of a rigid body. Impulsive motion. Examples involving one and two dimensional motion of simple systems. Moving frames of reference, rotating and translating frames of reference Coriolis force.

**MAT 311: OPTIMIZATION THEORY AND METHODS (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE.REQ. MAT 201**

Linear programming models. The simplex method: formulation and theory quality integer programming. Transportation and scheduling problems. Two- person-zero-sum games. Nonlinear programming -quadratic programming, Kuhn-Tucker methods, optimality criteria. Single variable optimization. Multivariable optimization techniques Gradient methods.

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**MAT 321 NUMERICAL ANALYSIS (3 CREDITS)**

** PRE.REQ. MAT 221**

Finite differences and difference calculus. Newton’s forwards interpolation formula. Numerical differentiation and integration. Newton-Cotes quadrature formulae.. Numerical solution of differential equations. Monte-Carlo methods.

**MAT 331: ADVANCED CALCULUS (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ MAT 231**

Leibnitz rule for successive differentiation and its extension. Functions in R -continuity and differentiability. Partial derivatives, the tangent, plane, the chain, rule, total differential. Scalar and vector fields. The gradient and directional derivatives, Qirl and divergence. Green’s stoke’s and Gauss’s (divergence) theorems. Jacobians and curilinear coordinations. Changes of variables in multiple integrals. Functions defined by integrals; gamma and beta functions and their elementary properties.

**MAT 332: DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE. REQ MAT 202**

Linear equations of second order properties of their solutions. Series solution of second order linear equation about ordinary and singular points-including the solution of Bassel. Legendre and Gauss hyperyeomelric equations. Sturn-Liouville problems. Orthogonal functions and polynomials. Fourier, Fourier-BASSEL AND Fourier-Lengendre series. Fourier transform. Solution of heat, wave and Laplac’s equations by Fourier (separation of variables) method.

**MAT 333: DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE. REQ MAT 231**

Vector’s function of a real variable. Boundedness, Limits, continuity and differentiability. Functions of class C. Taylor’s formula. Analytic functions. Cures;-regular differentiate and smooth. Curvature and torsion. Tangent line and normal planes. Vector functions of vector variable. Linearity, continuity and limits. Directional derivatives of functions class Cm. Taylor’s theorem and the inverse function theorem. Concept of a surface:-parametric representation, tangent plane and normal lines. Topological properties of simple surfaces.

**MAT 341: ABSTRACT ALGEBRA 1 (GROUP THEORY) (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE. REQ MAT 241**

Basic definition and examples of algebraic structures:- semi-groups, groupoids, momnoids, groups, rings and fields. Groups: subgroups and cosets, Langrange’s theorem and applications. Permutation groups. Cyclic groups. Normal subgroups and quotient (factor) groups. Homomorphism and isomorphism theorems. Cayley’s theorem. Automorphisms – Aut (G) and Inn (G) direct products of groups. Groups of small order. Groups acting on sets. Sylow theorem

**MAT 351: REAL ANALYSIS (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ. MAT 251**

The set R of real numbers Rational and irrational numbers, Open intervals, open sets. Contor set. Limits, derived sets. The Bolzano-Weierstrasse and Heine Borel theorems. Limits superior and inferior, of sets of real numbers. Supremum (l.u.b) air! infirmum (g.i.b) of sets of real numbers.

Completeness of the reals and incompleteness of the rationals Q. convergence of sequence and series of real number and function. Uniform convergence. Continuous functions of a real variable. Uniform continuity including equi-continuity (uniform continuity of a family of functions). Riemann integral of functions R-R. continuous monopositive functions. Functions of bounded variation. The Riemann-Sticltje’s integral. Effects n limits and sums when the functions are continuous differentiable or Riemann integrable. Power series.

**MAT 353: METRIC SPACE TOPOLOGY (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ MAT 351**

Sets Metrics and examples, open balls (spheres). Open sets and neighborhoods. Close sets, interior, exterior, boundary (frontier) limit points and closure of set. Dense subsets and separable metric spaces. Convergence in metric space. Homeomorphisms, Continuity, compactness (including and sequential compactness, and the Lindel of property connectedness).

**MAT 361: TENSOR ANALYSIS (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE. REQ MAT 333**

Vector algebra vector, dot and cross products. Equations of curves and surface. Vector differentiation and applications. Gradient, divergence and curl. Vector integrals-line, surface and volume integrals. Green’s, Stock’s and divergence theorems. Tensor products of vector spaces. Tensor and mathematical physics.

**MAT 362: ANALYTICAL DYNAMICS 1 (3 CREDITS)**

** PRE. REQ MAT 261**

Degree of freedom. Holonomic and non-holonomic systems (with constraints). Generalized coordinates. Langrange’s equation for holonomic systems; forces as vector fields (forces dependent on coordinates only). Conservative fields (forces obtainable from potentials). Motion near the earth’s surface. The foucault’s pendulum, Euler’s dynamical equations for the motion of a rigid body with on pint fixed. The symmetrical top.

**MAT 363: CONTINUUM MECHANICS (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ MAT 362**

Stress, strain and deformation. Rate of deformation tensor. Finite strain and deformation Eulerian and Lagrangian formulation General principles, Constitutive equation.

Mat 411: acturial mathematics (3 credits) pre. Req mat 211

Probability and decision making. Mathematical expectation, decision rule and trees. Redundancy. Replacement theory. Optimum replacement age; replacement at convenient moment, stock control under certainty and uncertainty.

**MAT 412: OPERATIONS RESEARCH 1 (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE. REQ MAT 311**

Phases of operations research study. Classification of operations research models: linear, dynamics and integer programming. Decision theory. Inventory models, critical path analysis and project controls.

**MAT 413: OPERATIONS RESEARCH 11 (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE. REQ MAT 412**

Quantitative methods in management:- branch and bound, maximal flow, minimal spanning tree, Hungarian assignment (HAM) or flood assignment (FAT) techniques. Graph theory and networks. Stock control. Qucuing problem PERT-project evaluation and review techniques.

**MAT 421: NUMERICAL ANALYSIS 11 (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ MAT 321**

Numerical methods of the solution of ordinary and partial differential equations (including stability analysis for linear multi-step methods). Predictor-correctior algorithms and the Runge-Kutta methods. Finite difference approximation and application to boundary value problems (BVP) computation of eigen-balue and eigen-vectors of symmetric matrices (emphasis on Rayleigh’s quotient). Monte-Carlo methods.

**MAT 422: INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICAL MODELING (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ MAT 202.**

Methodology of model building, identification, formulation and solution of problem; causes-effect diagrams equation types:- algebraic, differential (ordinary and partial) difference, integral and functions. Application of mathematical modeling to the physical, biological, social and behavioural sciences. Epidemiology, dynamics of communicable infections (STLs-sexually transmitted infections, malaria etc) simulation.

**MAT 341: THEORY OF ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE REQ. MAT 332**

Existence and uniqueness of solutions; dependence of solution on data and parameter. Generally theory of linear differential equations with constant coefficients. The two-point Sturn-Liouville boundary value problem, self adjointness. Sturn theory (Sturn comparison and Sonin-Poly theorems). Stability of non-linear equations. Phase-plane analysis.

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**MAT 432: PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE- REQ MAT 332**

Theory of firs order differential equation. Partial differential equation in two independent variables with constant coefficient. The Cauchy-problems for the quasi-linear first order PDE in two independent variables, existence and uniqueness of solutions. Normql forms. Boundary and initial value problems for elliptic, hyperbolic and parabolic PDEs.

**MAT 433: SYSTEMS THEORY (4 CREDITS)**

**PRE. REQ. MAT 431**

Lyapunov theorems. Solution of Lyapunov stability equation A^{T}B +BA=C controllability and observably. Theorems on the existence of solution to linear systems of differential equations with constant coefficient. Control theory.

**MAT 434: FIELD THEORY IN MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS (3 CREDITS)**

** PRE REQ MAT 361**

Gradient, divergence and curl: further treatment and application of the different definitions. The integral definition of gradient, divergence and curl. Line, surface and volume integrals. Green’s Gauss’s and Stoke’s theorems. Curvilinear coordinates. Simple notion of tensors; the use of tensor notations.

**MAT 435: MATHEMATICAL METHODS (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE. REQ. MAT 332**

Orthogonal functions and orthonormal sets of functions Gram-Schmidi orthonormalization process. Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors and expansion, Rayleigh’s quotient and quadratic forms. Adjoin operators adjoin manifolds. Green’s functions and application to the solution of differential problems. Laplace, Fourier and Hankel transformations. Introduction to variational calculus.

**MAT 436: MATHEMATICAL METHODS 11 (3 CREDITS)** **PRE. REQ. MAT 435**

Calculus of variation Lagrange’s functional and associated density. Necessary condition for a weak relative extremum. Hamilto’s principles. Lagrange’s equation and geodesic problems. The DU-Raymond equation and corner conditions. Variable end-points and related theorems. Sufficient condition for a minimum isoperimetric problems. Variational integral transforms. Laplace, and Hankel transforms, complex variable methods; convolution theorems, applications, to differential equation with initial boundary conditions.

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**MAT 441: ABSTRACT ALGEBRA 11 (RING THEORY) (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE. REQ MAT 341**

Rings: definition and examples including Z and Zn. Rings of polynomials and matrices. Subrings and ideals. Quotient rings. Type of rings:- principal idea domains (PIDS) Uniques factorization Domain (UFDs), Euclidean rings, integral domains, fields polynomial rings, Factorization: Euclidean algorithm for polynormal CCD and LCM of polynomiais. Irreducbility (including Eisenstein’s criterion).

**MAT 442: ABSTRACT ALGEBRA 111 (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE. REQ MAT 441**

Fields. Field extensions degree of extension. Minimum polymials. Algebraic and ranscendental extensions. Constructability (using compass and straight-edge). Splitters (splitting fields). Separability.algebraic closure. Solvable (soluble) groups. Fundamental theorem of Galois thery Solvability by radicals. Definition and examples of modules, sub modules and quotient modules. Introduction to group representation theory.

**MAT 450: COMPLEX ANALYSIS (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE. REQ MAT 252**

Function of complex variable, limits and continuity of functions of a complex variable Analytic functions, bil;inear transformations and conformal mappings. Contour integrals. Cauhchy’s theorems and it’s main consequence and series of a complex variable. Power series. Taylor series Laurent series expansion; poles, singularities-isolated, removable and essential. Residues and residue calculus.

**MAT 451: GENERAL TOPOLOGY (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE REQ MAT 353**

Topological spaces, definitions and examples, open and close states. Neighbourhood Coarser and finer topologies. Basis and sub-basis. Separation acioms (Trenungsaxioms). Compactness, local compactness, construction of new topological spaces from given ones. Sub-spaces and quotient space continuous functions. Homeomorphisms, topological invariants, spaces of continuous functions, pointwise and uniform convergence, product spaces and product topologies

**MAT 452: FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ MAT 451**

A survey of the classical theory of metric space-including Baire’s category theorem, compactness, separability, isometies and completion. Elements of Banach and Hilbert spaces:- parallelogram law an polar indentics in Hilbert space H: the natural emending of normed, linear space into the second dual, and H. properties of operation including the open-mapping and closed graph theorems. The space C (X). the sequence (Branch) spaces £p and £p and C (convergent sequences).

**MAT 453: COMPLEX ANALYSIS 11(3 CREDITS) **

**PRE. REQ MAT 450**

Lebesgue measure; measurable and non-measurable sets. Measurable functions Lebsgue integral. Integration of non-negative functions. The general integral convergence theorems.

**MAT 454: COMPLEX ANALYSIS (3 CREDITS)**

** PRE. REQ MAT 450**

Meromorphic functions – Zeros and poles. Argument principle; Rouch’s theorem Maximum modulus principle. Analytic continuation and clementary Riemann surface Hurwitz theorem an the inverse function theorem. Boundary-value problems. Poisson’s formulae.

**MAT 445: MEASURE THEOREM (4 CREDITS) **

**PRE- REQ MAT 453**

Abstract integration in L-spaces.

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**MAT 461: QUAUTUM MECHANICS (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE REQ. MAT 333**

Particle-wave quality. Quantum postulates. Schrodinger equation of motion. Potential steps and well in 1-dimension. Heisenbery formulation. Classical limit of quantum mechanics. Computer brackers. Linear harmonic oscillator. Angular momentum,. 3 Dimensions. Approximation methods for stationary problem.

**MAT 462: GENERAL RELATIVITY (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE REQ MAT 361**

Particle in gravitational field curvilinear coordinates. Intervals, coveraint differentiation; christofell symbols and metric tensor: the constant.

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**SCIENCE EDUCATION (SED) COURSES**

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**SED 211: INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS)**

**SED 311: LABORATORY ORGANIZATION & MANAGEMENT (3 CREDITS)**

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**Laboratory in science teaching**- Importance of Laboratory
- Type of skills acquired through laboratory

iii. Characteristics of good laboratory experience

**Laboratory Organization**- Physical facilities -laboratory room, storage room,

preparatory room, furniture, equipment.

- Laboratory grouping

iii. Teacher demonstration

- Experiments.

**Laboratory Management**- Sorting out apparatus
- Assembling apparatus

iii. Labeling and storing apparatus.

- Inventory of apparatus
- Manual filling
- Laboratory rules

**SED 346: PROPERTIES OF MATTER (3 CREDITS)**

Mechanical Properties: further work in matter force interaction. Thermal Properties: Temperature, heat and internal energy, heat capacity expansion of matter, thermal conductivity of matter.

Optical Properties: Conduction in solids, current and change, potential difference, resistance, measuring instruments. Electro-chemistry – batteries etc nuclear stability and radiation.

**SED 347: NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (3 CREDITS)**

Agricultural method: Soil conservation, forest resources, and wild life conservation. Characteristics, classification and biology for weeds, Weed control, soil fertility, mineral deposits exploitation of mineral resources: rivers, stream, lakes, irrigating scheme, fishing industry. Minerals: extraction, economic importance.

**SED 411: SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS)**

This course is intended to bring to the knowledge and discussion of students topical issues at the given time in science education, and to relate common problems to science teaching. Topics are therefore selected according to relevance and impact.

**SED 412: CURRICULUM DEVPT IN SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS)**

Meaning and scope of curriculum in science, the place of science in the primary and secondary school curriculum, process of curriculum development and implementation in Nigeria with particular reference to the science. The role of science teachers in the development, implementation and innovation of science curriculum.

Examination of roles of STAN, NERC, CESAC, the federal and state government in the innovation of science curricula and the examination of selected project -BPSP, APSP, SERA,NSSP,N1SP. The role of universities in Science curriculum materials examination of some secondary school text books for readability and suitability in the 6-3-3-4 system. Textbook writing for juniors.

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**SED 414: SCIENCE AND SOCIETY (3 CREDITS)**

**SED433: RESEARCH PROJECT (4 CREDITS)**

Individual work on the selected and approved project supervised by a staff member

**SED 414: SCIENCE AND SOCIETY (3 CREDITS)**

**COURSE DESCRIPTION FOR PHYSICS OPTION**

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**PHY 101: GENERAL PHYSICS 1 (3 CREDITS) L: 2, P: 0, T: 1**

Space and time, frames of reference, units and dimension, kinematics-vector, scalars. Speed/velocity, acceleration, circular motion and applications. Fundamental laws of mechanics

Static: Equilibrium, Centre of Mass

Dynamics: Newton’s Law of Motion. Force, Incritia, Mass and Weight, Contact forces, Atwood machine, pulleys, invariance, universal, Gravitation-Newton’s Gravitation.

Law: Kepler’s Laws, Gravitational potential, earth’s satellite, velocity of escape and weightlessness. Work and energy, rotational dynamics and angular momentum, moment of inertia, kinetic energy of rotation, conservation laws. Oscillatory motion- simple harmonic motion, damped and forced oscillation.

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**PHY 102: GENERAL PHYSICS 11 (3 CREDITS) L: 2, P:0, T:1**

**Pre-Requisite:** Credit in O.L Physics and Mathematics;

**Co-Requisite:** MAT 102

Electrostatics: Cloulomb’s law, Gauss’s law, Capacitors, Electric fields and potential, energy in electric field. Conductors and currents: ohm’s Law, Temperature dependence of resistance, combination of resistances, emfs. Dielectrics (Qualitative treatment only), Magnetic fields and induction, Faraday’s and Lenz’s Laws, Earth’s field, Ampere’s Law. Maxwell’s equations (Qualitative treatment only), Electromagnetic oscillations and waves, types, properties, Mirrors and Lenses, reflection, refraction, applications. Optical instruments.

**PHY 103 GENERAL PHYSICS 111 (3 CREDITS) L: 2 P: 0, T:1**

(Properties of Matter, Waves and Thermal Physics)

**Pre-requisites:** Credits in Physics and Mathematics.

Molecular treatment of properties of matter, elasticity: Hook’s Law, Young’s shear and Bulk Moduli, Poisson’s ratio, Hydrostatics: Pressure, buoyancy, Archimede’s principles.

Hydrodynamics: Steamilines, Bernoulli and Continuity equation, turbulence, reynold’s number, viscosity, Torricalli’s Theorem.

Surface tension: Adhesion, cohesion, capillarity, drops and bubbles, temperature, the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics; heat, gas laws, laws of thermodynamics, kinetic, theory of gases, applications. Waves and wave motion, types of waves, stationary waves, sound waves.

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**PHY 107 GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY (1 CREDIT)**

This introductory course emphasizes quantitative measurements, the treatment of measurement, errors and graphical analysis. A verity of experimental techniques will be employed. The experiments include studies of mechanical systems, and mechanical resonant systems, light, heat, viscosity covered in PHY 101 and 103.

**PHY 108 GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY II (1 CREDIT)**

Basic experiments on electricity and magnetism covered in PHY 102. Experiment includes studies of meters, the oscilloscope, electrical resonant system.

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**PHY 201 GENERAL PHYSICS V (3 CREDITS)**

(Elementary Modern Physics)

** Pre-Requisite: PHY 102**

Relativity; Inertial frames, Galilean transformations, Coriolis force, Defects in Newtonian Mechanics, the speed of light; the lorentz transformation; transformation of velocities and acceleration. Length contraction and time-dilation. Mass Energy relation. Experimental basis of quantum theory; Blackbody radiation; electrons and quanta; Thomson’s and Rutherford’s models. Bohr’s theory of atomic structure; De Broglie hypothesis, the X-rays and its applications.

**PHY 202: ELECTR1C CIRCUITS AND ELETRONICS (3 CREDITS) **

**Pre-Requisite: PHY 102**

D.C Circuits, Kirchoffs laws, sources of emf and current, network analysis and circuit theorems. A,C circuits; Inductance, capacitance, the transformer, sinusoidal wave-forms, rims and peak values, power, impedance and admittance, RLC circuit, Q-factor, resonance, fillers.

Electronics: Semiconductors, the pn-junction, field effect transistors, bipolar transistors characteristics and equivalent circuits, amplifiers, feedback oscillators.

**PHY 204: GENERAL PHYSICS (3 CREDITS)**

**(Waves and Optics) **

**Pre-requisite: PHY 102 and MAT 102 **

Wave Phenomenon: Accoustical waves, the harmonic oscillator, waves on a string, energy in wave motion. Longitudinal waves; standing waves; group and phase velocity. Deppler effect.

Physical Optics: Spherical wave, interference and diffraction, holograph; dispersion and scattering.

Geometrical Optics; Waves and rays; reflection at a spherical surface, thin lenses; mirrors and prisms.

**PHY 205: THERMAL PHYSICS (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE- REQUISITE: PHY 103 **

Law: entropy and irreversibility, thermodynamic potentials and the Maxwell relations. Application: Qualitative discussion of phase transitions; third law of thermodynamics, ideal and real gases. Elementary kinetic theory of gases including Boltztnann counting. Maxwell-Boltzmann’s law of distribution of velocities, simple applications of the distribution law.

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**PHY 206: GENERAL PHYSICS VI (2 CREDITS) (ENERGY **

**GENERAL AND USAGE)**

Energy and power, principles, demands and outlook; transformation of energy, principles and problems.

Cost, capacity, storage, reverse, efficiency, new environmental effects. Electrical energy from nuclear reactors; energy in the future, breeder reactors, fusion power, solar power, geothermal, tidal power, etc. Promise and problems.

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**PHY 207: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS I (1 CREDIT)**

**PRE-REQ1SITE: PHY 107/108**

The laboratory experiments drawn from diverse areas of physics e.g magnetism, Mechanics, modern physics etc). It is accompanied by seminar studies of standard experimental technique and the analysis of famous and challenging experiments.

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**PHY 208: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS II (1 CREDIT)**

**PRE-REQUIS1TE: PHY 107/108**

Newtonian Mechanics; motion of a particle in one, two and three dimensions; systems of particles and collision theory, Newtonian gravitation; conservative forces and potentials, oscillations. Central forces problems; accelerated frames of reference; rigid body dynamics; generalized motion; mechanics of continuous media.

**PHY 301: ANALYTICAL MECHANICS I (3 CREDITS)**

** PRE-EQUIS1TE: MAT 201 AND MAT 204**

Newtonian Mechanics; motion a particle in one, two and three dimensions; systems of particles and collision theory, Newtonian gravitation, conservative forces and potentials, oscillations. Central forces problems, accelerated frames of reference, rigid body dynamics, generalized motion; mechanics of continuous media.

**PHY 302: ANALYTICAL MECHANICS II (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITE: PHY 301**

Degrees of Freedom; generalized co-ordinates, Langrange’s formulation of mechanics, applications. The calculus of variations and the action principle, Hamilton’s formulation of mechanics, applications. Invariance and conservation laws, oscillatory systems, including damped, forced and coupled oscillations; normal modes.

**PHY 303: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITES: PHY 201 AND MAT 204**

Electrostatics and Magnetostatics, poisons and Laplaces equation and boundary value problems; multipole expansions, dielectric and magnetic materials. Faraday’s law. A.C. circuits. Maxwell’s equations. Current in gases, discharge tubes, cathode ray and C.R. oscilloscopes, e/m of electrons and determinations of charge; positive rays and mass spectroscopy; isotopes.

**PHY 304: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND OPTICS (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITE: PHY 303**

Maxwell’s Equations and Electromagnetic potentials. The wave equation. Propagation of plane waves, refraction and rarefaction. Transmission lines, wave guide and resonant cavities; radiation, geometrical optics, mirrors and thin lenses, and lens aberration, optical instruments. Interference and diffraction of waves. Interferometers, diffraction gratings, polarization of light, production and analysis of polarized light.

**PHY 305: QUANTUM MECHANICS I (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITE: PHY 201**

Wave-partiele duality and the uncertainty principle; basic principles of quantum theory; energy levels in potential well; reflection and transmission of potential barriers, atomic and molecular structure and spectra.

**PHY 306: STATISTICAL AND THERMAL PHYSICS (3 CRDITS) **

**PRE-REQU1SITES: PHY 103 AND PHY 305**

Basic concept of statistical mechanics; microscope basis of thermodynamics andapplications to macroscopic systems, condensed states, phase transformations, quatuindistribution; elementary kinetic theory of transport processes. Fluction phenomena Applications.

**PHY 307: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS I (I CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQUISITES: PHY 207 AND PHY 307**

A series of mini-courses on important experiment techniques. Topics covered includeelectronics, optics, electricity, atomic, molecular, nuclar and low temperature physics, statistics, and handling and scientific writing.

**PHY 308: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS II (1 CREDIT) **

**PRE-REQUISITES: PHY 207 AND PHY 307**

A series of mini-course on important experiment techniques. Topics covered include electronic, optics, electricity, atomic, molecular, nuclar and low temperature physics, statics, and handling and scientific writing.

**PHY 309: INTRODUCTION TO ASTRONMY (3 CREDITS)**

Astronomical units of mass, distance and time, Optical and radio telescopes, observations in space, limitations due to nature of electromagnetic waves. Solar system, physics of planets and satellites, formation of planets, origin of the solar system Stars, distance, brightness, coours. luminosity, stellardaigram, exploding stars, supernovae; neutron stars, pulsars, black holes. Galaxies, the milkyway; classification of galaxies; abnormal galaxie’s, quasars; isotropy and homogeneity of the universe; models of the universe. Extra terrestrial life.

**PHY 312: RELATIVITY PHYSICS (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITE : PHY 201**

Galican transformations, Michelson-Morley experiment, Limitations of classical mechanics. Constancy of Velocity of light, Lorentz transformations, time dilation, length contraction, simultaneity of events, relativistic addition of velocities. Relativistic kinematics, mass-energy equivalence. Four vectors, relativistic of maxwell’s equations, Applications of relativity in Electro-magnetism, optics atomic and nuclear physics.

**PHY 313: ELECTRONICS (3 CREDITS)**

Semiconductors, p-n junction, capacitors, inductors; transistors-bipolar, FET. Applifiers, feedback, transformer, dides, characteristic and uses in rectification. Zener diodes. Voltage doublers. Op amps and analog computers; digital electronics, binary, octal and hexadecimal codes. Number system, designs and construction of simple circuits.

**PHY 314: SOLD STATE PHYSICS (3 CREDITS)**

Crystal structure: Bravivaia lattices, unit and primitive cell. Miller indices Crystal binding vander waal’s crystal, ionic, covalent and metalic bonding Elastic properties. lattices vibrations and phonons, the monoatmic chain, the diatomic linear chain Thermal properties. Einstein model and Dobye theory of specific heat. Free election model. Fermi ductile behaviour: Imperfections in crystals. Vacancies, point defects, dislocations and experimental methods of defection. Superconductivity.

**PHY 405: QUANTUM MECHANICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS 1 (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITES: MAT 202. MAT 204 AND MAT 305**

The formulation of quantum mechanics in terms of state vectors and linear operators. Three dimensional spherically symmetric potentials. The theory of angular momentum and spin. Identical particles and the exclusion principles. Methods of approximation. Multi-electrons atoms.

**PHY 403 (A): MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS I (3 CREDITS)**

** PRE-REQU IS1TES: MAT 202, MAT 204 AND MAT 305**

Linear Algebra and functional Analysis; transformations in limear vector spaces and Matrix theory. Bilbert space and complete sets of orthogonal functions, special functions of mathematical physics. The gamma function, hypergeometric function; legendre functions, Bessel function, Hermite and langueme function, the Dirac Delta Function, Integral transforms and fourer transforms, Laplace transform. Application of transform methods to the solution of elementary differential equations of interest in physics and engineering.

**PHY 403 (A): MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS I (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE-RFQUISITES: MAT 202, MAT 204 AND MAT 305**

Partial differential equations; Solution of boundary value problems of partial differential equations by various methods which include, temperature of variables, the method of intyegral transforms. Sturm-Liouville theory; Uniqueness of solutions. Calculus of residues and applications to evaluation of integrals and summation of series Applications to various physical situations which may include-electromagnetic theory, quantum theory, diffusion phenomenon.

**PHY 404: STATISTICAL PHYSICS (3CREDITS)**

** PRE-REQUISITE: PHY 306**

The perfect classical gas, equation of state, partion functions; Maxwell-Boltuman. Bose-Einstein and Fermi Dirac Statistics. Eimtein-Debye theory of specific heats of solids liquification of gases. Liquid helium, superfluidity, Bose-Eintein condensation production of low temperatures. Nuclar demagnetization, negative temperatures, Gas Kelvin and magnetic temperature scales. Thermal properties of superconductors.

**PHY 405: COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS (3 CREDITS)**

Use of numerical methods in physics, various methods of numerical integration differentiation, numerical solution of some differential equation in physics, statistical analysis of experimental data, use of calculators and computers, computer programming use of flow diagrams, programming practice using some problems in physics.

**PHY 411: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS I (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQUISITE PHY : 305**

Nuclear structure Nuclear properties, nuclear size, nuclear masses, Nuclear-nuclear scattering, the deuteron Nuclear models; Radioactivity gamma decays; nuclear reactions.

** **

**PHY 412: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS II (3 CREDITS) **

**PRE-REQUISITE: PHY 401**

Nuclear instrumentations and radiation detection techniques; detectors, nuclear

spectroscopy, neutron physics, production and detection of neutrons, fission and fusion nuclear reactors and nuclear energy. Elementary particles. Particle accelerators.

Conservation laws and symmentrics, particle classifications, strong electromagnetic and weak interactions, leptons, mesons, baryons, C.P. violation, photohadron interactions quarks, charmed particles, the T particles and search *for *quarks and charmed particles.

resonances.

** **

**PHY4I4 SOLD STATE PHYSICS (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQUISITE: PHY 401**

Preparation of materials; crystal growth, doping and characterization. Band theory of solids, periodicity, bloch functions and Bloch theorem, energy bands, metals, semi-conductors, and insulators. Femi surface, effective mass, magnetic materials, dielectric properties, magnetic materials, paramagnetism and diamagnetism, ferromagnetism and pyroelectricity, optical properties, superconductivity.

**PHY 424: ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY (3 CREDITS)**

**PRE-REQUISITE: PHY 105, PHY 305**

The Hydrogen atom, Bohr theory, relativistic effects and spin, vector model of the atom, Identical particle and symmetry. Many electron atoms, coopling scheme and vector model. Zeeman effects, paschen, Bach and Stark effects. Hyperfine structure, the diatomic molecule, L-S und J-J coupling. Spectra of two-electron atoms. The frank-Condon principle. X-ray diffraction. Microwave methods. Resonance phenomena; ESR, NMR, and optical pumping and massbanes scattering, broadening of spectral line.

**SCIENCE EDUCATION (SED) COURSES**

** **

Listed are the descriptions of the Science Education (SED) Courses.

The courses selected from other Department of Biology, Bio-Chemistry, Chemistry, Microbiology, Mathematics, Computer science. Physics and Statistics bear their department code number are described in their various programmes. Only the SED Courses specially run by the Science Education Department is here in described.

**SED 211: INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS)**

**SED 311: LABORATORY ORGANIZATION & MANAGEMENT (3 CREDITS)**

** **

**Laboratory in science teaching**- Importance of Laboratory
- Type of skills acquired through laboratory

iii. Characteristics of good laboratory experience

**Laboratory Organization**- Physical facilities -laboratory room, storage room,

preparatory room, furniture, equipment.

- Laboratory grouping

iii. Teacher demonstration

- Experiments.
**Laboratory Management**- Sorting out apparatus
- Assembling apparatus

iii. Labeling and storing apparatus.

- Inventory of apparatus
- Manual filling
- Laboratory rules

**SED 411: SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS)**

**SED 412: CURRICULUM DEVPT IN SCIENCE EDUCATION (3 CREDITS)**

**SED 414: SCIENCE AND SOCIETY (3 CREDITS)**