__FEG 103__** Basic Electrical Engineering 1 2 Credits**

Introductory concepts: electrons and protons, conductors, insulators and semiconductors; units and definition of ampere, volt resistance, power and energy; MKS units.

Resistive networks: resistances in series and parallel; current and voltage divisions; open and short circuits; cells; Kirchoff’s current and voltage laws and their application.

Electrostatics: electric field of a parallel plate capacitor, multiplate capacitor; capacitors in series and parallel; energy stored in a capacitor.

Electromagnetism: magnetic field, permeability and magneto motive force; self and mutual inductances; inductances in series and parallel; Lenz’s laws; energy stored in inductor.

Network theorems: Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorems; superposition theorem, maximum power transfer theorem; delta-star-delta transformation.

Introduction to AC theory: waves form generation; angular measure, frequency and period; average and mean square values; phasors and phase angles.

__FEG 101__** Engineering Mathematics I 2 Credits**

*Trigonometry*

Graphs of sinθ. Trigonometry identities. Double and half angles. Solution of the expression acos θ + bsinθ = x. The factor formulae. Solution of triangles by the sine and cosine formular. The half angle formulae.

Coordinate Geometry: The equation of a straight line. Parallel and perpendicular lines. Suffixes. Angles between two lines. Directed distances. Polar coordinates. Relation between polar and Cartesian coordinates. Parametric equation.

*Differentiation*

Differentiation from first principles. Differentiation of x^{n}, sin x, cos x, e^{x} and log x. Differentiation of logarithmic functions. Successive differentiation. Maxima and minima. Curve sketching.

*Series*

Sequences, arithmetic and geometric progressions. Summation of series. Series with r*th* term in a polynomial. The method of induction. Binomial and logarithmic series. Limits and convergence.

*Circular Measure*

The equation of circle. Arc length. Area of a sector. Area of a segment. Small angles. Graphical solution of equations. Tangents to a circle.

*Algebra*

Surds. Fractional indices. Zero and negative indices. Roots of a quadratic equation. The remainder theorem. Permutation and combination. Theory of inequalities.

__FEG 102__** Engineering Mathematics II 2 Credits**

*Integration*

Integration as the inverse of differentiation. The indefinite and definite integral. Integration by substitution. Trigonometry integral. Powers of sin x and cos x.

*Expansion in Series*

Power series. Maclaurin’s and Taylor’s series. Series for sinx, cosx and logx (ln x). The binomial series. Exponential series.

*Partial Fractions*

Denominators with linear factors. Denominators with quadratic and repeated factors. Improper fractions.

*Three dimensional Trigonometry*

Angle between a line and a plane. Angle between two planes. Three dimensional geometry. Skew lines, parallel lines and planes. Surfaces of revolution.

*Probability and Statistics*

Mutally exclusive events. Independent events. The binomial probability distribution.

*Hyperbolic functions*

Conic sections. The parabola ellipse. Parametric coordinates of an ellipse. The rectangular hyperbola. Hyperbolic sine and cosine. Osborn’s rule. Inverse hyperbolic functions

*Menstruation and Moments of Inertia*

Right circular cone. Frustum of a right circular cone. Surface area of sphere. Moments of inertia. Perpendicular axes theorem. Parallel axis theorem.

__BUS 101__** Introduction to Business 2 Credits**

*Introduction*

Scope of business. Definition of business. External properties of business. Role of business. Types of economic systems. Why study business?

*Forms of business Ownership*

Sole proprietorship. Partnership. The Joint Stock company. Statutory corporations/Public enterprises. Cooperative societies.

*Management and Organization*

Nature of management. Functions of management. Line and staff functions in organizations.

*Production and Marketing*

Types of production. Production processes. The marketing concept. Marketing functions.

*The Finance Function*

Types of financing – short term, medium term, long term financing. Factors influencing choice of funds. Types of shares.

*The Accounting Function*

Purpose of accounting. Principles of accounting. Double entry bookkeeping. Day books. Ledger accounts. The trial balance. Profit and loss account and the balance sheet.

__GSS 101__** Use Of English I 1 Credits**

Use of English is a course designed to equip participating students with the language skills required for excellent communication in all fields of human endeavour. It contains *inter alia* the following: Oral English, Parts of speech, Phrases and clauses, Sentence construction. Direct and Indirect speech, passive and active constructions, Punctuation and Capitalization, Listening, Speaking and Reading skills, Pre-writing skills, Use of library, Use of dictionary, Skills for examinations.

__GSS 102__** Use of English II 1 Credits**

Students are drilled on effective writing skills among which are the techniques for writing: Outlines, paragraphs, Essays, Letters, Speeches, public announcements. Students’ reports/term paper, Minutes, memoranda, Short stories and Summary.

Students are also helped to master the techniques for effective note taking/note making cun the use of library for research purposes.

__GSS 105: Humanities:__** 2 Credits**

Appreciation of the cultural content, meaning, variations and dynamics of organized social life through history, philosophy, arts, music, religion, political science and sociology. Patterns of symbolic interaction and their influence on human action. Primordial and civic cultural orientations. The meaning of life and its changing forms in Nigerian society.

__GSS 106__** Social Sciences 2 Credits**

__GSS 107__** Nigeria Peoples and Cultures 2 Credits**

Study of Nigerian history and culture in pre-colonial times. Meaning, variations and Dynamics of culture. Archaeological heritage of Nigeria state. The history of Nigeria in the 19^{th} and 20^{th} centuries. Ethnicity, national interest and national integration. Evolution of Nigeria as a political unit. The value question in Nigerian national development. Social justice and political instability. The philosophy of Nigerian state. The military as an instrument of nation building in Nigeria. Empowering women for nation development. Personality. Its concept, structure and development. Crime and juvenile delinquency. Prevention and control of HIV/AIDS and STDs in Nigeria. Music in Nigeria culture. Youths and drug in Nigeria. Culture areas in Nigeria and their characteristics. Concepts of functional education. National economy. Balance of trade. Economic self-reliance. Social justice. Individual and national development. Moral obligations of citizens.

__GSS 108__** Basic Igbo study**

**(1credit**

__sem 1)__

__GSS 109__** Basic Igbo study (1credit sem 2)**

__ICH 101__** Basic Organic Chemistry 2 Credits**

*Introduction*

Brief history background, bounding in organic compounds, the carbon atom, hybridization (sp^{3}, sp^{2}, sp). Classification of organic compounds. Isolation and purification of organic compounds. Elemental or qualitative analysis. Quantitative analysis. Formulae of organic compounds (empirical, molecular and structural). Structural and stereoisomerisms. Functional group and homologous series.

*IUPAC Nomenclature*

IUPAC nomenclature of the following family of organic compounds: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, halogenoalkanes, alkanols, alkanal, alkanones, alkanoates, acid amides, nitriles and amines, alkanoic acids, acid chlorides and acid anhydrides.

Preparation, physical and chemical properties of the families listed above.

__ICH 102__** Basic Physical Chemistry 2 Credits**

*The Gas Laws*

Boyle’s law, Charles law, the general gas equation, Gay-lussac’s law. Gas constant. Dalton’s law of partial pressures. Graham’s law of gaseous diffusion. The kinetic theory of matter. Derivation of the kinetic equation. Deviations from the ideal gas law. Van der Wall’s equation. Liquefaction of gases. The Joule-Thompson effect.

*Properties of Dilute Solutions*

Definition of the following concentration terms: morality, mole fraction, vapours pressure and lowering of vapour pressure. Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, lowering of freezing point. Osmotic pressure.

*Introduction to Thermodynamics*

Definition of the following terms: systems, state variables and equilibrium, isothermal and adiabatic processes. The first law of thermodynamics. Workdone for state changes (PV type).

*Thermochemistry*

Heat changes. Heat of reaction. Laws of thermodynamics (Lavoisier and Laplace laws and Hess’ law of constant heat summation). Applications of the laws in calculations. Bond energy.

*Chemical equilibrium*

Chemical equilibrium and reversible reaction. The law of mass action. Equilibrium constant. Factors affecting chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium between ions in the solid and liquid phases. Solubility and solubility product. Effect of a common ion on solubility and solubility product.

*Chemical Kinetics*

Rate of a chemical reaction. Factors affecting the rate of a chemical reaction. Activation energy.

*Ionic Equilibrium*

Electrolytes. Acids and bases. Bronsted-Lowry, Lewis and Arrhenius theories of acids and bases. pH and dissociation constant. Ionization of water. Hydrolysis. Buffer solution and Buffer capacity.

__ICH 111__** General Basic Inorganic Chemistry 2 Credits**

Matter: laws of chemical combination. Stoichiometry of chemical kinetics. Atomic structure and electronic configuration of elements. Electronic theory of valencies. Bonding: Ionic, covalent, co-ordinate, metallic, hydrogen bonding and Van der Walls forces. Fundamental components of atoms. Stable and unstable particles. Periodic classification of elements. Blocks, rows and groups. General feature of chemistry of s-, p-, d- and f- blocks. Isotopes: detection, concentration and separation of isotopes.

Natural and artificial radioactivity. Stability of nucleus. Fission and Fusion. Differences between radioactivity and ordinary chemical reactions. Measurements of radioactivity, decay constant and calculation involving radioactivity.

__ICH 112__** Basic Practical Chemistry 2 Credits**

Theory and practice of volumetric and qualitative inorganic analysis. Preparation of standard solutions. Calculation of molarity and concentrations. Method of dilution of solution and calculation. Redox titration and calculations involved. Test for common anions and identification of SO_{4}^{2-}, SO_{3}^{2-}, NO_{3}^{–}, CO_{3}^{2-}, CI^{–}, Br^{–}, I^{–}, NO_{2}^{–}. Test for common cations Fe^{2+}, Fe^{3+}, Nh_{4}^{+}, Zn^{2+}, Pb^{2+}, Al^{3+}, alkali and alkaline earth metals. Test for common ions in the first transition series e.g. Mn, Cr, Ni,Cu, etc. group separation of cations.

__MAT 101__** Elementary Mathematics I 3 Credits**

Number systems – natural, integer, rational, irrational, real and complex numbers. Elementary set theory. Indices, surds and logarithms. Quadratic equations. Polynomials and their factorization – the remainder and factor theorems. Rational functions and partial fractions. The principle of mathematical induction (PMI). Permutations and combinations. The binomial theorem for rational index. Progressions – arithmetic, geometric, harmonic, arithmetico-geometric. Solution of inequalities. The algebra of complex numbers-addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Argand diagrams and the geometry of complex numbers. Modulus. Arguments and polar coordinates. The de Moivre’s theorem. Complex n*th* roots of unity and complex solution to z^{n}=a

Trigonometry – circular measure, elementary properties of trigonometric functions, radian measure, addition formulae and other trigonometric identities. Sine and cosine laws. Solutions of triangles, heights and distances.

__MAT 102__** Elementary Mathematics II 3 Credits**

Functions: concept and definition; example – polynomials, exponential, logarithmic and trigonometric functions. Graphs and their properties.

Plane analytic geometry: Equations of a straight line, circle parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Tangents and nominal.

Differentiation from first principles of some polynomial and trigonometric functions. Techniques of differentiation – sum, products, quotients and chain rules including implicit differentiations. Differentiation of simple algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic and composite functions. Higher order derivatives. Applications to extremum and simple rate problems. L’ Hospital’s rule, simple Taylor/Maclaurin expansion. Curve sketching. Integration as anti-differentiation. The fundamental theorem of integral calculus. Application to areas and volumes.

__PHY 101__** General Physics I 3 Credits**

Space and time frames of reference. Units and dimensions. Kinematics – vectors, scalars, speed/velocity, acceleration, circular motion and applications.

Fundamental laws of mechanics.

Statics: Equilibrium. Centre of mass

Dynamics: Newton’s law of motion. Force, inertia, mass and weight. Contact forces. Atwood machine. Pulleys. Projectile motion.

Linear momentum. Galilean invariance. Universal gravitation – Newton’s gravitation law. Kepler’s law. Gravitational potential. Earth’s satellite. Velocity of escape and weightlessness. Work and energy. Rotational dynamics and angular momentum. Moment of inertia. Kinetic energy of rotation. Conservation laws. Oscillatory motion – simple harmonic motion, damped and forced oscillation.

__PHY 102__** General Physics II 3 Credits**

Electricity and Magnetism, optics

Electrostatics: Coulomb’s, Gauss’s law, Capacitors. Electric field and potentials. Energy in electric field. Conductors and currents: Ohm’s law. Temperature dependence of resistance. Combination of resistances. Measurements of resistances. e.m.f. dielectrics (qualitative treatment only).

Magnetic fields and induction. Faraday’s and Lenz’s laws. Earth’s field. Ampere’s law. Maxwell’s equations (qualitative treatment only).

Electromagnetic oscillations and waves; types, properties. Mirrors and lenses. Reflection, refraction, applications. Optical instruments.

__PHY 107__** General Physics Laboratory I 1 Credit**

This introductory course emphases quantitative measurements, the treatment of measurement, errors and graphical analysis. A verity of experimental techniques will be employed. The experiments include studies of mechanical systems and mechanical resonant systems, light, heat, viscosity, etc. covered in physics 101.

__PHY 108__** General Physics Laboratory II 1 Credit**

Basic experiments on electricity and magnetism covered in PHY 102. Experiments include studies of meters, the oscilloscope and electrical resonant system.

__BUS 204__** Principles of Management 2 Credits **

*Basic concepts in management*

What is management? Definitions of management. The three dimensions of management – management as a process; management as an organizational position; management as a profession. Management as a science or art or both? Universality of management. Functions of the manager – planning, organization, motivating, communicating, controlling, decision making.

*Staffing and Directing*

Nature of staffing. The staffing process. Human resources planning – selection, interview, recruitment, induction and orientation, training and development, performance appraisal, promotion and demotion, transfers and disengagements. Concept of directing. Nature of directing and leading. Leadership and leadership styles. Motivation. Communication – process, channels, networks, problems and grapevine.

*Controlling*

The concept of control. The control process. Types of control. Control systems. Characteristics of effective control systems. Control techniques – financial, operational and technical controls. Mathematical/statistical control systems – PERT, CPM.

*The Nigerian Environment*

Characteristics of the Nigerian business environment – managerial, financial, infrastructural, political, government intervention. Management problems in Nigeria – educational, training and development, accountability, succession, deployment, organizational. Challenges of current economic reforms in Nigeria. Transferability of management systems. Management by objectives (MBO).

__FEG 221__** Fluid Mechanics I 2 Credits**

*Hydrostatics*

Fundamental elements of fluid Statics; density, pressure, surface tension, viscosity, compressibility. Hydrostatic equation and its integration for compressible fluids. Pressure distributions over plane and curved surfaces. Resultant force; line of action; centre of pressure. Measurement of pressure.

*Dynamics*

Steady and unsteady flow of fluids; streamlines; stream tubes. One, two and three-dimensional flows, uniform and non-uniform flows. Laminar and turbulent flows. Nature of motion around blunt and streamlined bodies; establishment of velocity profiles, boundary layer separation; formation of wakes. Use of control volume for steady flow mass balance, momentum balance and energy balance pressure and velocity in ideal fluids and in shear flow situation.

*Dimensional Analysis*

Buckingham’s pi-theorem, dimensionless groups. Dynamical similarity. Flow modeling. Nature of effects of fluids friction in pipes and channels, relationship between friction factor and Reynold’s number. Flow characteristics of pumps and turbines.

__FEG 242__** Thermodynamics 2 Credits **

Basic concepts. What is thermodynamic? Basic definitions Historical background of thermodynamics. Dimensions. Units. Macroscopic and Microscopic domain. Thermodynamic systems, boundaries, control volume. Properties and states, processes, heat and work, pressure, temperature and Zeroth law. Intensive and extensive properties. Measurement of temperature, volumes and pressures.

The first law of thermodynamics. Application to open and closed system. Internal energy, work and heat transfer. Storing work as non-PV work. Sign convention in heat and work transfer. Steady state flow equation (Bernoulli equation). Conservation of energy, flow processes and enthalpy. Flow and non-flow work.

Thermodynamic properties of pure substances working fluids, liquids, vapours and gases. Liquid-vapour phase equilibrium diagram. Saturated and superheated states in water and in working fluids of refrigerators. P-v-t relations and diagrams. The ideals gas. Steam quality measurements. Barrel calorimeters, separation, throttling and combined calorimeters, use of property tables. Processes in the vapour phase at constant volume, constant pressure, isothermal, hyperbolic and polytrophic process.

The second law of thermodynamics and its corollaries. Reversibility and irreversibility. Efficiency and temperature scale. Carnot cycle in idealized heat engines and refrigerators. Heat pumps, absolute temperature scale.

Entropy: Clausius inequality; T-S diagram for various processes. Maximum available energy. Entropy change in isolated systems. Consequences of the second law.

__FEG 211__** Applied Mechanics I (Statics) 2 Credits **

Fundamental principles and permissible operations with forces acting on a rigid body. Elements of vectors. Moments of a force about a point and about an axis. Varignon’s theorem. Reduction of two and three dimensional force systems. Equilibrium in two and three dimensions and its application in the determination of reactions at the constraints of determinate structures (beams, frames and arches). Graphical Statics and its application in solving problems involving coplanar forces. Methods of joint, section, Maxwell-Cremona and Culma in solving plane trusses. Centre of gravity; graphical and analytical solutions. Friction and related static problems.

__FEG 212__** Applied Mechanics II (Dynamics) 2 Credits**

Coordinate system and position vectors. Kinematics of a particle in plane motion in different coordinates. Displacement, velocity, acceleration of a particle. Kinetics of a particle in motion. Newton’s laws. Types of forces. Systems of particles. Centre of mass. Simple harmonic motion.

Kinematics of a rigid body in plane motion. Relative motion between two points on a rigid body. Velocity diagrams. Instantaneous centre of rotation. Kinetics of a rigid body in plane motion. Work and energy for a system of particles. Kinetic energy of a rigid body. Potential energy. General energy principle. Virtual work. D’Alambert’s principle. Mechanical distinctions between solids and fluids. Compressibility, density, viscosity, kinematics viscosity and the dependence of these properties on pressure and temperature, ideal solids and fluids. Particles and rigid bodies, mass force velocity and acceleration.

__FEG 215__** Strength of Materials 1 3 Credits**

Subject matter of strength of materials. Fundamental hypothesis in strength of materials. Problems and methods in strength of materials. External and internal forces, stresses, displacement and deformation. Hooke’s law and the principle of superposition. General principles of structural analysis. Tension and compression. Internal forces and stresses on the cross-section of a rod in tension and compression. Elongations of bar and Hooke’s law, potential energy of strain, statically determinate and statically indeterminate systems. States of stress and strain in tension and compression.

Torsion: Pure shear and its characteristics. Torsion of a rod of circular cross-section. Torsion of a rod of non-circular cross-section. Geometrical characteristics of cross-section of a rod. Static moments of a section. Moments of inertia of a section and principle axes and principle moments of inertia.

Bending: Internal forces acting on cross-section of a rod in bending. Stresses in a rod under pure bending. Stresses in transverse bending, oblique bending, eccentric tension and compression and stability of columns.

__FEG201__** Basic Electrical Engineering 11** ** 3 Credits**

Introduction to MATLAB and Applications of MATLAB in Electrical circuit analysis

Revision on network theorems.

Analysis of AC Circuits: series and parallel RL and RC circuits. Series and parallel RLC circuits. Resonance series and parallel. Impedance diagrams. Quality factor.

Mesh and Node Analysis: Choice of mesh currents. Mesh equations by inspection. Node analysis. Matrix method.

Coupled circuits: Analysis of coupled circuits, coupling coefficient. Dot notation.

Circuit Transients: DC transients. RC and RL transients. AC transients. RLC transients.

Introduction to Electronic: Semiconductor properties. Electrons and holes. Intrinsic and extrinsic conduction. Donor and acceptor atoms. P N junction. Introduction to thermionic devices. Junction diode characteristics. Other diodes – Zener, photodiodes, tunnel and LEDs. Diode circuits. Bipolar transistors. Simple treatment of transistor operations.

__FEG 202__** Basic Electrical Engineering 111 ** __3 Credits__

Poly-phase Systems: Two phase and three phase systems. Star and delta connected loads. Power in three phase systems. Two wattmeter method applied to balance loads.

Power Factor Correction: Power in sinusoidal steady state. Average and apparent power. Active and reactive power. Power factor correction.

Measurement and Instrumentation: Circuit symbols. Component identification. Reasons for measurement. Error analysis. Equipment reliability.

Use of Meters: AVO, CRO, signal generators.

Transistors: The transistor as an amplifier, common base, common emitter and common collector configurations.

Transistor biasing and stabilization.

Field Effect Transistors: JFET and MOSFET, biasing the FET. Treatment of analogue and digital electronic instruments.

__CSE 201__** Computer Programming I 2 Credits**

Introduction – types of computer and components, their uses – industrial and scientific. Computer logic-software and hardware. Introduction to computer languages – FORTRAN, BASIC, COBOL etc.

__CSE 202__** Computer Programming II 2 Credits**

Applications of FORTRAN and BASIC to simple problems, flow charts, Data structures. Analysis of commercial and professional software: database, spreadsheet and word-processing, CAD, CAL, CAM etc. operating systems – IBM OS/2, Microsoft’s DOS and WINDOS, UNIX etc. Practical exercise with commercial and professional software.

__ICH 221__** General Physical Chemistry 2 Credits**

*Kinetic Theory*

Behaviour of gases and Kinetic theory. Ideal and non-ideal behaviour of gases. Derivation of the Kinetic theory equation for the pressure of an ideal gas and deductions there from. Molecular and Collision diameter and number. Mean free path. Collision number. Viscosity of a gas. Boltzmann distribution law. Types of average speed. Mean velocity, root-mean-square velocity and most probable velocity. Equipartition of energy. Brownian motion.

*Chemical Thermodynamics*

Nature and scope of thermodynamics. Important definitions. The first law of thermodynamics. Calorimetry. Standard molar enthalpies of formation and the determination of standard molar enthalpies for chemical reactions from tables of these. Heat capacities. The Carnot cycle.

__MAT 201__** Linear Algebra I 3 Credits**

Vectors and vector algebra. Vector space over the real field. Linear dependence and independence. Basis and dimensions. The dot and cross products in three-dimensions. Equations of line and planes in free space. Linear transformation and their representation by matrics. Matrix algebra. Operations on matrices – rank, range, null space, nullity. Determinants and inverses of matrices. Singular and non-singular Transformations.

__MAT 202__** Elementary Differential Equations 3 Credits**

Methods of integration. Introduction to differential equations of the first order. Examples to illustrate the sources of differential equations from the physical and biological sciences – growth, decay, cooling problems and the law of mass action. Linear differential equations of second order. Application of the and the second order linear differential equations to falling problems and simple circuits. Laplace transformation.

__FEG 213__** Engineering Drawing I 2 Credits**

Use of engineering drawing tools/equipment. Lettering, construction of title blocks, freehand sketching. Pictorial views. Introduction to orthographic projection. 1^{st} and 3^{rd} angle projection. Projection of prints, lines and planes. Supplementary views visibility. True length of lines, grade and bearing of a line. Intersecting lines, skew lines, parallel lines, perpendicular lines, point view of a line. Edge view of a plane surface. Shortest distance between two skew lines (including shortest perpendicular or horizontal at a given grade). True shape of a plane surface. Line conventions. Geometric constructions. Dimensioning practices.

__FEG 214__** Engineering Drawing II 2 Credits**

Angle between plane surfaces. Strike line and dip angle of a plane surface. Angle between two intersecting lines. Angles between two non-intersecting (skew) lines. Angles between a line and a plane.

Development of prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones, transition pieces, spherical surface.

Intersection of lines and a plane surface, a line and a cone, a line and a cylinder, a line and a sphere of plane surface, solids bounded by plane surfaces, a cone and a cylinder, two cones, any two solids, a plane with topographical surface.

Vector quantities. Graphical statistics. Graphical presentation of data. Graphical mathematics. Graphical calculus. Empirical equations. Functional scales. Nomography. Isometric and oblique perspective views. Introductory building drawing. Common sizes of brick and cement blocks. Brick/block bounds. Representation of doors and windows in plan, wall plasters, rafters, etc. Electrical circuit diagrams.

Practice with CAD software and drafting tables.

__FEG 280__** Engineer in Society 2 Credits**

*Philosophy of Science and Technology*

Concept of science and technology. The impact of technological development on the society materially, socially and culturally.

*History of Engineering and Technology*

Major technological development in human history to the present day.

*Industrialization and Social Change*

A sociological examination of industrialization. Problems of urbanization and the role of technology in influencing behaviour,

*Safety in Engineering and Introduction to Risk Analysis*

Safety criteria. Physical causes. Human attitude. Safety assessment techniques including risk assessment and risk analysis.

*Role of Engineers in Nation Building*

Qualifications of engineers. Engineering profession. Who are engineers? Possible careers. COREN registration of engineers. Internship for engineers. Role of engineers in government and nation building.

__FEG 281__** Workshop Practice I 2 Credits**

Elementary introduction to types and organization of engineering workshop, covering, jobbing, batch, mass production. Safety measures in the workshop in mechanical, electrical and civil engineering workshops. Principles of working. Bench work and fitting.

Introduction to workshop hand and powered tools, with emphasis on safety measures during operation.

Workshop materials, their properties and use. Various gauges, micrometer and other measuring devices.

Measurement and marking for uniformity, etc.

General principles of working of standard metal cutting machine tools. Drilling machine and drilling processes. Screw threads and thread cutting using stock and dies. Marking off on face plate. Functions and capabilities of grinding machines, drilling machines, lathe machines, grinding machines and sharpening machines. General machine operation practice.

Mass production and modern machine tools, turret lathes, automatic and semiautomatic lathes etc.

__FEG 282__** Workshop Practice II 2 Credits**

Standard measuring tools used in workshops.

Welding, brazing, soldering, etc. Blacksmith hand tools and working principles. Introduction to welding and brazing. AC and DC electric arc welding. Fitting and assembling. Basic electrical skills. Testing of electrical installation and circuits including earthling, tools and machines for woodwork: hand tools, materials, classification and uses of timber. Various joints. Types used in carpentry and joinery. Processing, preparation and preservation of wood.

Basic skills in brickwood and masonry. Setting out equipment using working drawings. Bonding, plumbing, levelling, ganging and erection of corners in brick/block work.

__FEG 250__** Principles of Materials Science 3 Credits**

Atomic structure. Electrons and bonding theory. Influence on materials structure and behaviour. Crystalline structures. Concept of grains and grain boundaries. Long range and short range order. Amorphous solids. Packing arrangements of crystals. Coordination numbers. Unit cell concept. Packing factors. Crystal defects and imperfections. Polycrystalline solids. Ductile and Brittle behaviour. Stress-strain curves. Plastic deformation. Alloying concept. Solid solutions

Precipitation from saturated solid solutions. Equilibrium phase diagrams. Ageing phenomena. Hardening processes. The structure and properties of ceramics, glasses, cement and concrete, organic polymers, wood and various composite materials. Elements of conduction, semi-conduction and insulation theory.

__ECE 321__** Communication Principles I (3 Credits Sem 1)**

- Elements of Communication System: Block diagram model, fundamental limitations
- Amplitude Modulation: Reasons for modulation of radio waves, frequency spectrum of AM signals. Small signal and large signal modulation. Power in AM signals and percentage modulation. DSB, SSB, ISB and VSB, Circuits for AM generation.
- Angle Modulation: A simple FM generator, FM Analysis, Noise suppression, Direct and indirect FM generation, Phase-locked loop [PLL] FM transmitter, Wide band and narrow band FM signal.
- Detection: AM detectors, Envelop detection, practical diode detector, VSB demodulator, Synchronous detector, FM-discriminators, Foster-Seeley discriminator, Ratio detector, Demodulation of PM waves, Detection in the presence of noise
- Radio-wave propagation: Earth’s atmosphere, Spectrum and Nomenclature of radio waves polarization, propagation modes, Factors affecting the propagation of radio waves, propagation of radio waves at different frequencies, Critical frequency and maximum usable frequency, Line-of-sight propagation, Tropospheric scatter propagation
- Antennas: Isotropic antenna, Radiation from a short dipole and power radiated by it, radiation from a short grounded aerial, Effective height of an antenna, Antenna excitation, Half-wave and Quarter-wave antenna, Antenna arrays, linear array, end-fire and broadside arrays, Folded dipole, lop-periodic antennas, baluns, Antenna types:-Loop, Slot, Yagi-uda, parabolic, rhombic antennas, horn antennas; Patterns and patterns multiplication, Application of antennas at different frequency band, some important antenna parameters: Beam width, power gain etc.

__FEG 303__** Engineering Mathematics III (3 Credits Sem 1)**

*Further Matrices*:-Directed graph and matrices, Applications to engineering examples, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors. The characteristic equation. The Cauley-Hamilton theorem, The Kronecker product. Iterative solution of eigenvalues and vectors. Quadratic and hermitian forms. Triangles decomposition and its application. Matrix transformation, rotation of axes, Diagonalisation model and special matrices.

*Laplace Transforms*:-Transformation of common functions. Properties of some functions. Shifting theorem, Inverse transforms. Solution of differential equations and simultaneous equations. Periodic and Heaviside unit step functions. Dirac delta impulse functions. Initial and final value theorems. Examples from electrical and mechanical systems, Loaded beams.

*Fourier Analysis*:- Definition and application of Fourier series. Dirichlet conditions. Even and odd functions. Half and quarter wave symmetry. Applications in civil, electrical, and mechanical systems. Fourier transforms. Numerical harmonic analysis – twelve point analysis.

*Multiple Integral*:- Double and triple integral. Line integral. Close curves parametric equation. Green’s theorem. Surface integral in two and three dimensions. Volume integral. Change of variables. Jacobian transformation.

*Numerical Analysis*:- Numerical solution of equations – the Newton-Raphson iterative method. Numerical solution of differential equations. Euler method and the Runge Kutta techniques. Curve fittings.

*Special Function*:- The gamma function – definition. Gamma function of negative values of x. The beta function. Relation between gamma and beta functions. The error function. The elliptic function of the first and second kind. Bessel function.

__ELE 311__** Circuit Theory I (3 Credits Sem 1)**

Network Theorems and Network Topology. Network Theorems, Telegen’s Theorems, the Duality Principles Topology; General Steady State and Transient Solutions, Network Transformations; State Space Formulations of Networks. Magnetically Coupled Networks. Resonance in Networks. Time Domain Analysis of Network. Application of Intero-differential equations to network initial and final conditions. Forced responses and natural behaviors Step and impulse response.

__ECE 323__** Analog Electronics Circuits (3 Credits Sem 1)**

The objective of this course is to teach the concept of models of electronic devices and application of these models in the analysis of non-linear application of these models and also the limitation of these circuit models.

** Bipolar Transistors:** Review of transistor biasing; fixed and emitter biasing, Effects of coupling capacitors. Hybrid parameter models.

** Single Stage Amplifier:** Common Emitter, Common Base and Common Collector amplifiers. Impedance transformation; current and voltage gains, input and output impedances

** Multiple Amplifiers:** Common Emitter-Common Emitter cascade, Common Emitter-Common Base cascade, common Emitter-Common Collector cascade configurations, e.t.c. Darlington and long pair configuration. Field Effect Transistors: Constructional features, biasing techniques. JFET and MOSFET Voltage gains; common source and common drain amplifier; multiple FET amplifiers

** High Frequency Amplifiers:** Hybrid Pi-model of bipolar and FET devices. Effect of base emitter and collector capacitances

** Power Amplifiers: ** Analysis of Classes A, AB, B and C amplifiers. Distortion analysis, transformer coupling, heat sink analysis

** Voltage Regulators and Stabilizers:** Zener diode stabilizers, transistor stabilizer circuits, series and feedback stabilizers

** Feedback Amplifiers:** Negative feedback amplifiers, series and parallel feedback, voltage series and current shunt feedback

** Feedback Oscillators:** Hartely’s , Colpitt’s and phase shift oscillators; negative resistance oscillators, crystal and blocking oscillators, bridge networks.

** Pulse and Switching Circuits:** Linear wave shaping circuits, switching characteristics of devices. The transistor as a switch. Clipping, Clamping and Comparator circuits, pulse transformer and delay lines

__ELE 341__** Electromagnetic Fields & Waves (3 Credits Sem 1)**

**Energy and Potentials:-** Definition of potential difference, potential gradient, The potential field of a system of charges. The dipole. Energy density in the electrostatic field energy and its flow.

**Conductors and Dielectric:-** Current and current density, continuity of currents. Conductor properties and boundary conditions, Dielectric material capacitance and examples.

**Time varying and Maxwell’s Equations:-** Maxwell’s equation in integral form. Practical application of Maxwell’s equations. Stokes theorem and the usage. Poison’s and Laplaces equations. Simple solutions of field equation and their application in circuit theory.

**The Steady Magnetic Field:-** Ampere’s circuit law, the scalar and vector magnetic potential. Derivation of steady magnetic laws. Magnetization and magnetic boundary conditions.

**Varying Electromagnetic Field:-** Varying magnetic field in thin plates. Electromagnetic field in conductors. Study of skin effect.

**Propagation and Reflection of Electromagnetic Waves:- **Plane wave propagation in good conductors. In perfect dielectrics. In lossy dielectrics. Polluting vector and power consideration. Reflecting of uniform plane waves. Standing waves,

__ECE 331__** Signals Analysis and Systems (2 Credits Sem 1)**

**Models for Physical Systems:-** Applications of linear differential equations for linear difference equations to the analysis of linear systems electrical network as examples.

**Super position and convolution:-** Discrete and continuous time systems impulse response, Numerical method in convolution. State variable description of discrete and continuous time system, Solution of state variable equations. The concepts of observability and control ability.

**Functions of Matrices:** Importance and application of state matrix.

**Nature of Spectrum of a signal-** Fourier series representation of periodic and non-periodic signals. Parsevals theorem, Sampling of time signal and transmission of signals through linear filters – properties of Fourier transforms.

**Probability Density Functions:-** Gaussian Releign and Bivariate distributions. Error-probability and decision making. Power spectral density.

**Analysis of Cascaded System:- **Application of Laplace and inverse transforms, Stability in the S domain. Laplace transform analysis of casual periodic inputs to linear systems, Z transform and its inverse. Properties of the Z transform. Application of the Z transform including the Direct Z transform method of filter design.

__ELE 343__** Electrical Machines 1 (2 Credits Sem 1)**

**Magnetic Circuits:-** Magnetic and Electric field energy and forces. Magnetic field, magnetic circuit, magnetic field energy, Electromechanical conversion principles, Alignment force and torque; Single excitation, force torque, double excitation forms of rotary machine, other interaction force, prototype two pole cylindrical machine multi-polar, Elementary linear machines.

**Basic elements of an electrical machine:-** Basic concepts of flux linkage and linkage change. Transformers: General features and principles of operation transformer classification, equivalent circuits and phasor diagrams. Determination of transformer parameters. Performance calculation, voltage regulation, efficient parallel operation, load sharing. Auto transformer, audio transformer, potential and current transformers, vector groupings and connections harmonics. Tap-changing transformer, three winding transformer rating.

__ELE 353__** Electrical Power Principles (3 Credits Sem 1)**

Introduction to conventional and renewable energy resource for position generation. Principle of power generations; hydro and plants, gas turbine plan magnetohydronamic (MHD) generation, economic consideration in the choice of plant types.

**Power supply types:-** System planning generating station location and plant size high, medium and low voltage power networks, busher systems, substation sitting load, voltage factor control, load diversity and utilization factor maximum demand.

**System Economics:-** Economic loading of machines, tariffs overhead line long medium and short line calculations power charts, transmissions line efficiency and voltage regulations P.U. rating power cables.

**Transformers:-** Operating characteristics, loading losses, efficiency and regulation, winding and convection, equivalent circuits, three winding transformers, tap changing.

**Distributed system:-** Distributing system planning, choice of distribution voltage radial characteristics sub transmission and distribution substations.

__ECE 352__** Numerical Methods for Engineers (2cerdit sem 2)**

Polynomials and their zeros – methods of bisection, Netown, Bairstow, synthetic division and Lehmer; Direct methods for the solution of linear equations; Iterative process, it application to the solution of simultaneous linear equations; convergence; interpolation and differentiation method in Numerical intergration-Netown Coates formulae and finite difference methods; the eigen system problem Solution of ordinary differential equations methods of Taylor, Euler, Predictior – Corrector and Runge-Kutta. Use of appropriate soft ware packages (eg. Mathlab) should be encouraged.

__ELE 312__** Circuit Theory II (3 Credits Sem 2)**

Frequency domain analysis of networks.

Network function: Poles and zeros, Frequency response curve, Bode plots and Nyquist plots. Signal classification, Fourier series and Periodic signals; Fourier integral and non-periodic signals; Application of Fourier series in Network Analysis. Network Synthesis. Introduction to passive network synthesis. Computer aided analysis of linear and non-linear circuits.

Introduction to machines: open circuit performance measurements, short circuit tests, load and synchronization tests. Observations and measurements of hysterisis loops. Simple motor drive tests with solid-state converters.

__ECE 328__** Digital Electronic Circuits (3 Credits Sem 2)**

** Introduction:** Digital and Analog quantities: binary digits, logic levels and digital waveforms. .Introduction to basic logic operations. Digital Integrated Circuits.

** Number systems, operations and codes:** Decimal and binary numbers; Decimal-to-binary conversions; Binary arithmetic 1’s and 2’s complements of binary numbers. Hexadecimal and octal numbers; Binary Coded Decimal (BCD) and digital codes

** Logic Gates:** The inverters, AND-gate, OR-gate, NAND-gate and NOR-gate, Exclusive-OR and Exclusive-NOR gates; example of Integrated Circuit (IC) gates.

** Boolean Algebra and logic Simplification:** Boolean operations and expressions; laws and rules of Boolean Algebra, De-Morgan’s theorems; Simplification using Boolean Algebra, Standard forms of Boolean Algebra. Karnaugh map

** Combinational Logic:** Basic combinational logic circuits, Implementing combinational logic, functions of combinational logic.

** Clocks and Timing Circuits:** Crystal and LC oscillator circuits. Astable and monostable timer using IC chips [NE 555, 74121 and 741123]. Programmable timer/counters. C-MOS timer ICs. Power-Up one shot circuits

** Interfacing:** Interfacing between different types of logic gates [TTL, MOS, ECL, etc]; Interfacing between logic gates and optocouplers, phototransistors, photodiodes; Switching transistors and Light Emitting Diodes (LED).

** Signal Converters:** Digital-Analog [D/A] Converters: the resistor network current D/A converters. The Analoge-Digital [A/D] converters; Counter Controlled, Successive approximation and simultaneous conversion methods.

** Digital Readouts:** Seven-segment display and display drivers, Multiplexed and un-multiplexed displays, Keyboards encoders.

__ECE 326__** Physical Electronics (3 Credits Sem 2)**

**Energy Band in solids:- **The electron volt unit of energy, electronic structure of elements, Energy band theory of crystals, insulators, semiconductors and metals.

**Transport Phenomenon in Semiconductors:-** Mobility and conductivity, intrinsic conduction, Electrical properties of germanium and silicon, diffusion modulation and hali effect.

**Fermi Level:-** The Fermi dirac function, Fermi level in semiconductors, semiconductors equations.

__ELE 382__** Control Theory (3 Credits Sem 2)**

**Introduction:** Classification and examples of control systems, control systems terminology, Open loop and closed loop back diagrams models.

**Transfer Function: **Mathematical model of feedback systems. Types of response, Second order systems criterion. Continued fraction stability criterion, Continued fraction stability criterion.

**Block Diagram Algebra: **Procedure blocks in cascade, Canonical form of feedback system. Multi input system, Reduction techniques.

**Signal Flow Graphs: **Construction techniques, Input output gain formula, Reaction by signal flow graphs.

**Analysis and Design: **Objective of analysis, Root locus analysis/Design. Nyquist analysis and design: Bode analysis. Nichol chart.

**Compensation techniques: **Lead, Lag, Lead lag and lag lead compensation.

**Non Linear Systems:** Discrete time systems, System with random inputs, optimal and adaptive control systems. Linearized and piece wise linear system.

__EEE 372__** Instrumentation & Measurement (3 Credits Sem 2)**

**Introduction:** Types of equipment for measuring electric and non-electric quantities monitoring and control of process and operations. Interpretation of results.

**Reliability:** Definition and assessment of equipment reliability periods and probability of failure. Maintainability and availability.

**Logarithmic Units:** The decibel unit (dB) neper, reference levels and logarithmic scales.

**Analogue Instruments:** Moving coil, moving iron and electrodynamics instruments Energy meters.

**Bridges:** Wheatstone bridges, Maxwell, Owen, Wien and Schering bridges, DC and AC potentiometers.

**Ammeters Cathode Ray Oscilloscope:** Single and dual trace scopes.

**Transducers:** Resistance and reactance change transducers. Ultrasonic transducer, self generating transducers.

**Single Sources:** Function generators, audio frequency, signal source, Pulse generator, Modulated signal sources.

**Digital Instrumentation: **Digital counter and timers, frequency and time measurements, Analog to digital converters, digital voltmeters.

__EEE 342__** Electromagnetic Field & Waves 11 (3 Credits Sem 2)**

Basic subject in electrodynamics, with emphasis on phenomena associated with waves propagation and radiation. Plane waves in three dimensions. Field solutions of an elementary electric dipole, radiation from current distribution and arrays diffraction and interface. Guided electromagnetic waves on continuous transmission lines. Periodic structures, and metallic wave guides or propagation and evanescence, energy and group velocity. Natural Frequencies and modes and closed electromagnetic structure coupling to resonant structures. Load and unloaded Q’s Example throughout taken from the field of acoustics optics and microwaves.

__EEE 343__** Electrical Machines 1 (2 Credits Sem 1)**

**Three Phase System:** Complex power flow in three phase circle measurement of power in 3 phase AC circuits.

**Dynamics of single excited system:** System behaviour Electric circle equations. Conversions relations, Equations of motive, AC. Excitation, Parallel generator other limited motive devices.

**Machines with Multiple Excitations:** Machine with single excitation, machine with double excitation, Machines with multiple excitation pulsational and motive voltages, linear motion interaction machines, Electro acoustic machine, magnetohydrodynamic machines, industrial machines.

**Winding:** Phase windings, commutator, windings; winding technique, winding inductance of winding assembles, rotating electromotive force coil emf, phase emf, commutator/phase EMF by mutual inductance, leakage, saturation and loss.

__ELE 344__** Electrical Machines 11 (2 Credits Sem 2)**

**Three Phase System:** Complex power flow in three phase circle measurement of power in 3 phase AC circuits.

**Dynamics of single excited system:** System behaviour Electric circle equations. Conversions relations, Equations of motive, AC. Excitation, Parallel generator other limited motive devices.

**Machines with Multiple Excitations:** Machine with single excitation, machine with double excitation, Machines with multiple excitation pulsational and motive voltages, linear motion interaction machines, Electro acoustic machine, magnetohydrodynamic machines, industrial machines.

**Winding:** Phase windings, commutator, windings; winding technique, winding inductance of winding assembles, rotating electromotive force coil emf, phase emf, commutator/phase EMF by mutual inductance, leakage, saturation and loss.

__ECE 437__** Data Communication & Networking (3 Credit Sem 1)**

Introduction to Data communication-parallel and serial transmission techniques. Equalization. Bit sequence transparency.

**Data Concentrators:** Parallel to serial and serial to parallel conversion. Asynchronous and synchronous character formats. Buffered and non buffered concentrators.

**Information flow control:** Control by handshaking information exchange codes.

Error Control: the use of parity. Burst error control, multiplexing techniques: TDM Framing and control signaling. Byte multiplexing with addressed blocks.

**Switching System:** Message Circuit and packet switching schemes, Routing and Queuing procedures.

__ECE 441 __** Entrepreneurship Studies (3 credit sem 1)**

Entrepreneurial studies is designed to give students the necessary skills to identity and pursue entrepreneurial opportunities either directly after graduation or letter in their careers

__ECE 452__** Numerical Methods for Engineers (2 credit sem 1) **

Polynomials and their zeros – methods of bisection, Netown, Bairstow, synthetic division and Lehmer; Direct methods for the solution of linear equations; Iterative process, it application to the solution of simultaneous linear equations; convergence; interpolation and differentiation method in Numerical intergration-Netown Coates formulae and finite difference methods; the Eigen system problem Solution of ordinary differential equations methods of Taylor, Euler, Predictor – Corrector and Runge-Kutta. Use of appropriate soft ware packages (eg. Matlab) should be encouraged.

__CVE 423__** Engineering Contract & Specifications (2 Credits Sem1)**

Business and professional relations in Engineering, Elements of business Law, The Law in Engineering relations. Subcontracting laws, Labour laws, workmen’s compensation acts. Equation Employment opportunity laws, minimum wages and hours laws in labour relations. Contract documents, specification writing, contract of the specifications. Risk allocation and liability sharing, claims, disputes and arbitration. Presentation of engineering evidence.

__ECE 425__** Computer Security Techniques **

__(2 Credits Sem1)__History of cryptographic System, Public Key Systems, Digital Signature. Information Theory: Entropy, Perfect Secrecy, Unicity distance, Complexity Theory, NP Completeness, Number Theory. Data Encryption Method Ciphers, Kanspsack Ciphers, Breakable NP-Complete Knapsack, Encryption Standards DES, RSA, Elliptic Curves. Cryptographic Techniques: Block and Stream Ciphers, Autokey, Endpoints of Encryption, One-way Ciphers, Password and Authentication, Secret Keys and Publication Keys, Threshold Scheme. Video Scrambling Techniques. Digital video encryption techniques: principle, IRDETO, Viaaccess, Videoguard, etc. security and Legality Issues: Copyrights, Patents, Trade Secret, Ownership of products, Computer Crimes, Ethnical Issue in Computer Security.

__ECE 427__** Advanced Circuit Techniques (3 Credits Sem1)**

** Pulse and Switching Circuits:** Linear wave shaping circuits, switching characteristics of devices. The transistor as a switch; Clipping, Clamping and Comparator circuits, pulse transformer and delay lines

** Waveform Generators:** Ramp generators, Miller integrator with voltage and current sweep. Bootstrap sweep circuits, sine, square and triangular wave generators, pulse circuits

__Multivibrators:__** **Monostable, bistable and astable multivibrators. The Schmitz trigger circuits.

** Fundamentals of Operational Amplifiers:** Inverting and Non-inverting mode; offset errors and chopper stabilization, frequency related characteristics

** Summing Circuits:** Summer and Subtractors, instrument amplifiers

** Integrators and Differentiators:** Single, summing, augmenting and differential integrators and differentiators

** Linear Circuit Applications:** Bridge Amplifiers, voltage to current conversions, voltage regulators, current and charge amplifiers

** Analog-to-Digital Converters:** Comparison techniques, successive approximation and dual slope integrators, sample and hold circuits.

__ECE 431__** Digital Communication Principles (3 Credits Sem1)**

Computer introduction: C, MATLAB, UNIX [Optional]

- Probability and Stochastic processes: Fundamental probability theorem. Theory for signals with random variations, wide-sense stationary random processes.
- Analog-Digital Conversion processes: Sampling, Quantization: uniform, non-uniform and differential quantization. Companding
- Digital Modulation and detection techniques: ASK, FSK, PSK, QAM, and MSK, Spectral efficiency, Pulse code modulation and Delta modulation schemes. Multiplexing and Concentration: FDM, STDM, STATDM, MSC, PSC. Intersymbol interface and equalizers.
- Coding and Error Detection/Correction technique: Channel coding, Introduction to source coding: Information and entropy. Lossless coding: Huffman coding. Lossy coding: Scalar and Vector quantization, Subband coding, transform coding. Applications: Image, video, audio and speech coding. Major approaches to error control: ARQ schemes, CRC schemes, FEC schemes.
- Introduction to Standard Communication Protocols: Need for a Protocol architecture, Simple protocol architecture: 3-layer model, standardized protocol architectures, OSI reference model, standardization within the OSI Frame work, OSI layers. TCP/IP protocol Architecture: the TCP/IP layers, TCP and UDP, operation of TCP and IP, TCP/IP application, protocol interfaces.

__FEG 404__** Engineering Mathematics IV (3 Credits Sem1)**

**Vector Analysis:** Revision of scalar and vector quantities, vector functions of one variable, the Del operator, line, surface and volume integral, stroke and Green’s theorems, Gauss-divergence theorem, Oblique coordinates. Tensor, scovariant differentiation.

**Calculus of Variation:** Extreme of functions of several variables. Lagrange’s multiples: properties of the characteristics values (A-B) X=0. The Euler equation for b=1 (x,y,z) dx variations. The extreme of integral under constraints.

**The Stum Liouville Problems:** The Hamilton’s Principles and Lagrange equation.

**Partial Different Equations:** Derivation of equation, of Alembert solution of the wave equation, separation of variable. The heat conduction equation. Laplace’s equation. Use of Fourier series in fitting boundary conditions.

**Further Numerical Analysis:** Finite difference method of solving parent differential equations. Interpolation formulas. Numerical differentiation and integration and integration. Iterative methods of solving linear systems, Jacobi, Gauss Seidal and relation techniques.

**Power Series Solutions of Differential Equation: **Higher differential coefficients, Lipphnits theorem, Leibnitz maclaurin method. Frootbenius method. Series of complex terms ‘Taylor’ and Laurent’s expression. Legendre polynomials.

**Complex Variables:** Functions and derivations of complex variables. Rieman equations analytic functions, singular points. Residue theorem. Conformal mapping. The bilinear transformation. Contour integration and application. Schewar Christoffel transformation.

**Optimization Techniques: **Classical optimization techniques, linear and non-linear programming dynamic programming, Network analysis and critical path analysis.

__ECE509__** Reliability in Engineering (2 Credits Sem 1)**

Introduction to Reliability, maintainability, availability, Elementary reliability theory. Application to power systems and electronic components. Test characteristics of electrical and electronic components types of fault. Designing for higher reliability. Packaging, mounting, ventilation. Protection from humidity, dust.

__ECE 521__** Computer Graphics & Animation (2Credit Sem 2)**

Overview of 3D animation and its application and types. Coordinate system , vertex, faces and object. Concept of wireframe, surface and solid modeling. Construction planes and differences between object space and world space. Principles of making characters alive. Polygonal Modeling techniques: the Box, using Edit Mesh, Smoothing Techniques, Subdivision Surfaces. Nurbs Modeling techniques: Utilizing NURBS toolbox, surface point and CVs. Importing and attaching NURBS surface, rebuilding surfaces, curve and surface approximation. Graphic animation process: Camera & Animation Camera, Set & Background (Image Plane0, Light Linking. Animation Techniques: Walk Cycle and Facial Expression using Blend Shape. Dynamics animation: Rigid Bodies, Soft Bodies, constraint, Particles. Tips and tricks on rendering. Concept of Rendering in 3D modeling. Render options and file output. Same as CSP 421

__ECE 532__** Computer Architecture (2 Credits Sem 2)**

** Computer Architecture:** Introduction of design techniques for the synthesis of digital computers. Principles of computer structure and design as applied to major computer functions – topic includes design methodology, processor and CPU design, memory organization, communication I/O and multiple CPU systems, introduction to parallel processing.

** System Programming:** General Machine structure, Program counters and instruction register. Machine language and assembly language. Instruction formats and types of instructions, including operations codes, index and address registers, addressing techniques; use of uneconomics to represent operation codes in assembly language.

Symbolic labels and the functions of the symbol tables. The function of the passes of a 2-pass assemblers. Macros: Definition and use, in open sub-routine. Loaders: Absolute and Relocation. Computer Design.

__ECE 533__** Satellite Communication (2 Credit sem 1)**

Satellite frequency bands, services, transmission and multiplexing schemes, trans-multiplexing multiple access schemes. Satellite orbit, satellite motion, paths geostationary satellites, non geostationary constellation, satellite subsystems, and satellite launching. Antennas: types, gain, pointing loss, G/T, EIRP; high power amplifiers; low noise amplifiers; BUC/LNB : conversion process, polarization hoping, redundancy configurations; earth station monitoring and control. Basic link analysis, attenuation, sources of interference, carrier to noise and interference ratio, system availability, frequency reuse, link budget, link design.

__ECE 539__** Micro Computer Hard ware &Soft ware Techniques**

__(3 Credits, Sem 1)__** Introduction to Microcomputer and Microprocessors:** Using the computer: the work of a computer operator, executive programs, operating systems, multi-programming multi-Access, virtual storage. Programming Languages in storing instructions, machine code, low and high level languages software. Executing machine code program; the program counter, decoders, the instruction register, the fetch/execute cycle, controlling execution, micro-programs. Applications of the use of software in digital systems implication.

** Computer Architecture:** Introduction of design techniques for the synthesis of digital computers. Principles of computer structure and design as applied to major computer functions-topic includes design methodology, processor and CPU design, memory organization, communication I/O and multiple CPU systems. Introduction to parallel processing.

** System Programming:** General machine structure, program counters and instruction register. Machine language and assembly language. Instruction formats and types of instructions, including operations codes, index and address registers, addressing techniques, use of uneconomics to represent operation codes in assembly language.

** Symbol labels and Functions of the symbol Tables:** the function of the passes of a 2-pass assemblers. Macros: Definition and use, in open sub-routine loaders: Absolute and Relocation Computer Design. Software life-cycle, software economics.

__ECE 531 Communication Systems__** (3 Credits Sem 1)**

**Wireless Communication:**– Wireless Communication system design, Radio channel properties; Path loss, fading, Doppler, etc. Cellular Systems: Frequency Reuse, interference, hierarchical cell structures. Access Method: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, OFDM. Random access and packet transmission system overview e.g. GSM, WCDMA, and WLAN.**Network Applications:**-Computer Communications: Packet Switched Communications. Protocol architecture and layering, addressing and renting, multiplexing and switching and link and flow control. The internet architecture (e.g. TCP/IP), LAN (e.g. Ethernet), and ATM networks are used as examples.**Internet Technology:**– Technology and algorithms for internets and the internet, routing, multicasting, mobility, network monitoring, quality of service aspects, security, IP and IPV6. Simple analysis and simulation of network performance.

**ECE 534 Optic Fiber**** (2 Credits Sem 2)**

**Introduction**: The optical fibre description: typical core diameter, cladding, index of refraction, optical wave guide, need for cladding, coating jacket. Optical fibre principles: refraction total internal reflections principles, law of refraction.**Fibre Types**: Stepped index, graded index and monomode fibers.**Optical fibre Performance**: Optical fibre loss, Microbending loss, Connector loss, Splice loss, Coupling loss,**Fibre optic sources and detectors**: Electroluminese principles: LED and laser Diodes, opl collection factors for various fibre diameters. Geometrical meaning of numerical aperture and accepta cone. Relative output power versus wavelength (and bandwidth LED and Laser diodes). LED modulating circuit, Opticald detector: Photoconductors, PIN diodes and avalan photodiodes. Transimpedance amplifiers. Optical wavelengths.**Standard Fibre Optic system**; point-to-point fibre optic system. Fibre optic components: LED, Laser sources, Detectors, Fibre optic cables. Long distance fibre optic links. Fibre optics and networks: fibre distributed data interface (FDDI), block diagram of an FDDI interface node block. Necessity of link budget, and link analysis.**Fibre Optic Switching and Multiplexing**: Combined electronics and optics (called hybrid design) All – optical amplifiers, Optical-mechanical devices. Switching techniques: point-to-point, dedicated links.**Fibre optic testing**: Testing methods, power meters, attenuators, Measurement of cable attenuation, connector loss. Optical Time-Domain Reflectometry (OTDR): Block diagram of OTDR instrument for sensing and measuring reflected signal power versus distance along the entire cable length.

**Microwave Devices:**– Passive device including magic trees. Couplers and circulators phase shifters. Active devices including pin diodes. Varactors gun diodes gallium-arsenate devices. Klystrons, TWT, Non reciprocal ferrite devices.

__ECE 517__** Advanced Computer Programming and Statistics (3 Credit Sem 2)**

Elements of statistics: Distribution and experiments: Law of large number; Numerical iteration procedures, Revision of FORTRAN and BASIC in Engineering. Application programme in computer aided design of Electrical and Electronic systems.

__ECE 518__** Analog & Digital Computer System (2 Credit Sem 2)**

Analogue computation, electrical analogue of mechanical, electromecanical systems and servomechanicanisms. Analogue computer elements: potentiometers, operational amplifiers, function generators, simulation of system transfer functions. Digital computer systems. Fire alarms, burglar alarms and general home and industrial instrumentation__.__

__ECE 598__** Project 4 Credit Sem 2)**

__ECE 536 Antennas & Propagation__** (2 Credits Sem 2)**

Solutions of time-varying Maxwell’s equations with applications to antennas and wireless propagation; antenna theory and design, array synthesis; electromagnetic wave propagation, scattering, and diffraction; numerical (Computational) methods for solving Maxwell’s equations.

Antenna Systems: Review of Maxwell’s equations. Polarization, polar diagrams, antenna gain, directivity, radiation resistance, impedance matching, effective length and capture area. Radiation by dynamic currents and charges, retarded potentials, the isotrope. Hetzian dipole, short and loop antenna, folded dipole antenna. Vertical and horizontal antennas, rhombic antenna, log-periodic antenna. Centre-fed linear antenna, linear arrays, radiation from diffraction gratings, Yagi-Uda arrays, integrated antennas. Microwave antenna, horn, parabolic reflectors, slot, lenses. Field analysis of antennas. Transmitting-receiving system, reciprocity relations. Equivalent circuit of receiving antenna.

Radar Systems: Principles of pulse radar and Doppler radar. Radar equation and system parameters. Components of radar systems. Study of a practical radar system. Radar signal detection. Synthetic aperture radar, tracking and scanning radar, HF (OTR) radar.

Radio Wave Propagation: Electromagnetic waves, wavefront, characteristic impedance of free space, reflection, refraction and diffraction. Ground waves and sky waves. The ionospheric layers, refractive index, virtual height, critical frequency and angle, maximum usable frequency, skip zone, skip distance, fading. VHF line of sight transmission. Tropospheric scattering communications. Relationship between transmitter power, antenna gains and received signal to noise in a free space radio link. VHF and microwave point-to-point link.

__ECE 537 Digital Signal Processing__** (3 Credits Sem 1)**

The objective of this course is to develop an in-depth understanding of modern methods of digital signal processing and to highlight the application area. Topic covered include, a review of time and frequency domains, compiling, Bandwidth and aliasing. Convolution and linear systems, recursive and non recessive difference equations. The z-transform, inverse transform, discrete Fourier transform practical uses and examples, fast Fourier transform algorithm finite impulse response, filters, infinite response, recusive filters and the simulation of analog systems, quantization considerations in digital filter implementations. Detailed application case study problem definition selection of filter type, selection of methodology. Detailed design of signal processor, hardware/software implementation.

Overview of application areas:- Telecommunications, radar and solar processing vibration and acoustic analysis. Biomedical analysis – EKG, EEG and acoustic imaging.

__ECE 542 Database Creation & Management__** (3 Credits Sem 2)**

Surveys concepts and applications of database technology and examines the logical and physical organization of database; the entity-relationship model; the hierarchical; network and relational data models and their languages. Functional dependencies, normal forms and decompositions. Designs, implementation, and optimization of query language. Database economics, issues insecurity and integrity concurrency control, and distribution database systems. Relationship to knowledge based and expert systems,

__ECE 582 Solid State Electronics (2 Credits Sem 1)__

Introduction to some of the basic techniques and processes used in the fabrication of semiconductor devices and microcircuits with particular emphasis on silicon monolithic integrated circuits. Diffusion: thin film and thick film, Deposition transistors, JFETS, MOSFETS, Sckotty barrier diodes, photodiodes, LEDS, integrated capacitors, resistors and protype integrated circuits. Fabrication of thyristors and silicon controlled rectifiers. Bipolar Vs MOS. Technologies; Integrated injection technology.

Semiconductor memory technologies: ferrite core systems, internal structure of semiconductor, random access memories (RAMS), Dynamic RAMs and READ only memories (ROMs).

__ECE 505____Computer Aided Design____(3 Credits Sem 1)__

Network Design by computer; the application of computer in engineering. Network classification and response.

**Analysis of linear Networks:** Solution by L.U. factorization superposition and sparsity, Network scaling ladder networks.

**Non-linear DC Circuit Analysis:** Types of resistive non linearities. Solution of nonlinear resistive networks composite companion models. Broydens method.

**Transient Analysis of Dynamic Networks: **Transient analysis of linear sensitivity calculation, sensitive and computer aided design. Telegen theorem. Calculation of Sensitivities. Tolerance Analysis.

**Techniques of Equation Formulation:** Elementary graph theory, formulation of analytic solution. State variable analysis. State equations of RLC network.

**Numerical Techniques in Transient Analysis:** Analytic solution of linear differential equations, single step integration, the Rungekutta integration. Multi step integration. Explicit integration.

__ECE 574__** Control System Engineering (3 Credits Sem 2)**

**Non-linear Control System:-** Piecewise linearization and phase plan techniques; and phase techniques; the method of isoclines; state variables representation. 1^{st} and 2^{nd} and Jordan Canonical forms; solutions of state equations including the use of transition matrix. Matrix flow diagrams, multivariable systems. Optimal control systems.

**Adaptive Control System:** Lyaponv’s criterion, samples data control system; Pulse transfer functions, loops functions application to the root locus, initial and final value theorems for sampled data compensation for sampled data sample. Implementation of Digital compensators. Computer software-based simulation. Direct Digital Control (DDC), DDC system configuration advantages and economic consideration.

structure and elements CPU, storage, peripherals Arithmetic processes, Hybrid computer systems.

__ECE 544__** Industrial Electronic Designs (2Credit sem 2)**

Characteristic and Industrial applications of thyristors and other SCR devices. Transducers and their applications in sensing light, voltage pressure, motion, current temperature, etc. mechanical relays, solid state relays and stepping motors. Real time control and remote control concepts in instrumentation. Micro-processor amd micro computer based